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Walter Baumhofer Collection (MGHL00035)

Overview

Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

Tear Sheets

Proofs and Prints

Books

Magazines

Calendars

Special Publications

Reference Files

Photographic Materials

Professional Papers

Personal Papers

Ephemera

Original Works of Art



Contact us about this collection

Walter Baumhofer Collection (MGHL00035), 1920-1990 | MGHL Dowd Modern Graphic History Library

By Andrea Degener

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Collection Overview

Title: Walter Baumhofer Collection (MGHL00035), 1920-1990Add to your cart.

Predominant Dates:bulk 1920-1960

ID: MGHL/mghl00035

Primary Creator: Baumhofer, Walter (1904-1987)

Extent: 0.0

Arrangement:

Items are arranged by material type and art medium.

The contents of the collection are arranged as follows:

Series 1: Tear Sheets

  Sub-Series 1: Slick Magazine Tear Sheets

  Sub-Series 2: Newsprint Tear Sheets

  Sub-Series 3: Pulp Magazine Tear Sheets

  Sub-Series 4: Book Tear Sheets

  Sub-Series 5: Calendar Tear Sheets

  Sub-Series 6: Clippings

  Sub-Series 7: Fragile Tear Sheets

Series 2: Proofs and Prints

  Sub-Series 1: Typical Size

  Sub-Series 2: Atypical Size

Series 3: Books

  Sub-Series 1: Pulp Paperbacks

  Sub-Series 2: Chapbooks

Series 4: Magazines

  Sub-Series 1: Slick Magazines

  Sub-Series 2: Pulp Magazines

Series 5: Calendars

Series 6: Special Publications

  Sub-Series 1: Books and Journals

  Sub-Series 2: Newsletters

  Sub-Series 3: Short Stories

Series 7: Reference Files

Series 8: Photographic Materials

  Sub-Series 1: Film

  Sub-Series 2: Prints

Series 9: Professional Papers

  Sub-Series 1: Correspondence

  Sub-Series 2: Fan Mail

  Sub-Series 3: Notes and Clippings

  Sub-Series 4: Society of Illustrators

Series 10: Personal Papers

  Sub-Series 1: Alureda Baumhofer

  Sub-Series 2: Correspondence

  Sub-Series 3: Clippings

  Sub-Series 4: Education

  Sub-Series 5: Events

  Sub-Series 6: Household

  Sub-Series 7: Financial

  Sub-Series 8: Invitations

  Sub-Series 9: Notes

  Sub-Series 10: Photographs

  Sub-Series 11: Photography Equipment

  Sub-Series 12: Publications

  Sub-Series 13: Scrapbooks

  Sub-Series 14: Subscriptions

  Sub-Series 15: Travel

Series 11: Ephemera

  Sub-Series 1: Promotional

  Sub-Series 2: Envelopes

  Sub-Series 3: Pamphlets

Series 12: Original Works of Art

  Sub-Series 1: Works of Art on Board

  Sub-Series 2: Works of Art on Paper

  Sub-Series 3: Framed Works of Art

Date Acquired: 02/15/2016. More info below under Accruals.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

This collection includes original artwork in various formats and published material by Walter Baumhofer mainly dating between the 1920s and the 1960s.

Biographical Note

Walter Baumhofer was born on November 1, 1904 in Brooklyn, New York.1 Baumhofer, a high school graduate of Commercial High School, attended Pratt from 1923-1925. He married fellow Pratt attendee Alureda Leach on June 28, 1930. His wife was also known as the artist Rita Leach, also referred to informally as Pete, and both Pratt graduates were able to find work as artists despite the hard times of the Great Depression.

Even though Baumhofer was able find jobs as a freelance artist, the Great Depression took its toll on the industry. Baumhofer decided to risk $30 to hire a model for a Street & Smith pulp cover, which resulted in the publisher hiring him to illustrate covers for Doc Savage and Pete Rice. According to Baumhofer, it is this break that “ended the Depression” for him and would forge the path for a career in commercial art throughout the 1930s. Baumhofer is known as a prolific pulp artist and would produce over 700 pulp illustrations throughout his career.2 Many of Baumhofer’s fans referred to him as “King of the Pulps” because of his many contributions to numerous publications.

By 1935, Baumhofer began to publish his illustrations in Liberty Magazine. It was around this time that he joined the American Artists Agency, owned by brother and sister Celia and Sidney Mendelsohn. Their agency represented some of the top artists working at the time and for the rest of Baumhofer’s career, American Artists sold over 700 of his illustrations to advertisers and numerous slick magazine titles.3 Baumhofer became a successful commercial artist by the rise of the 1940s and established a name for himself in an industry full of competing artists that were both celebrated and more accomplished.

Walter Baumhofer’s illustrations in the slick magazine were published in The American Magazine, Collier’s, and The Saturday Evening Post. He also produced a number of painting that were featured prominently in women’s magazines. Baumhofer illustrated stories for the likes of Cosmopolitan, Ladies’ Home Journal, Redbook, Today’s Woman, and Women’s Home Companion. Baumhofer is responsible for a large number of illustrations for these publications, both on the covers and within their pages. His work for slick magazines spans several decades and provides a rich sample of his work.

During the 1950s, Baumhofer earned his highest wage while contracted with the American Artists Agency. Shortly after, however, the industry started to decline. By 1960, Baumhofer started producing work for men’s adventure magazines; some titles from this time include Argosy, Cavalier, Outdoor Life, and Sports Afield. The shift from painting to photography did not stop him from making work. Throughout the 50s and 60s, he created illustrations for calendars published by the Thomas D. Murphy Co. (albeit he often used the pseudonym Martin Walters) in addition to a series of cover illustrations for paperback books.4

Baumhofer would eventually resign from American Artists to start freelancing once again; the lack of clients, however, would lead to his retirement in the late 1970s. He still kept painting, namely landscapes and other scenes from the West. He was rediscovered by pulp fans and was featured at Pulpcon 8 in 1979. In the early 1980s, he was commissioned to create a new cover painting, although still in the classic style, for a new edition of The Spider.5 This would be his last known foray into painting in his late career.

In one of his last letters, Baumhofer states: “Sure, I enjoyed the slicks, particularlly enjoyed the money. But I enjoyed the pulps more. Those were good, exciting times. I’ve always felt fortunate in that I’ve been able to do something I really enjoyed all my life.”6 Walter Martin Baumhofer, 82, died on September 23, 1987.

1 David Saunders, “2015 Hall of Fame Inductee: Walter Baumhofer,” Society of Illustrators, https://www.societyillustrators.org/walter-baumhofer.

2 Ibid.

3 Ibid.

4 David Saunders, Walter M. Baumhofer, (St. Louis, MO: Illustrated Press, 2014), 158.

5 Ibid., 219.

6 Ibid., 221.

Administrative Information

Repository: MGHL Dowd Modern Graphic History Library

Accruals: There are no accruals.

Access Restrictions: There are no restrictions to access.

Use Restrictions:

Some restrictions, please contact the Modern Graphic History Library Curator at (314) 935-7741 or spec@wumail.wustl.edu.

Users of the collection must read and agree to abide by the rules and procedures set forth in the Materials Use Policies. Providing access to materials does not constitute permission to publish or otherwise authorize use. All publication not covered by fair use or other exceptions is restricted to those who have permission of the copyright holder, which may or may not be Washington University.

If you wish to publish or license Special Collections materials, please contact Special Collections to inquire about copyright status at (314) 935-5495 or spec@wumail.wustl.edu. (Publish means quotation in whole or in part in seminar or term papers, theses or dissertations, journal articles, monographs, books, digital forms, photographs, images, dramatic presentations, transcriptions, or any other form prepared for a limited or general public.)

Acquisition Method: The collection was donated to the Modern Graphic History Library by Helen Baumhofer in February 2016.

Related Materials:

The Dowd Modern Graphic History Library Periodical Collection contains periodicals featuring Baumhofer's published illustrations.

The Walt Reed Illustration Archive contains periodicals and tear sheets featuring Baumhofer's published illustrations.

Related Publications:

It's a man's world: men's adventure magazines by Adam Parfrey

Walter M. Baumhofer by David Saunders

Preferred Citation: Walter Baumhofer Collection, Washington University Libraries, Department of Special Collections

Processing Information: This collection was processed by Andrea Degener in August 2018.

Finding Aid Revision History:

This finding aid was entered in to Archon by Andrea Degener in August 2018.

The finding aid was upadated by Andrea Degener in February 2019.


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Tear Sheets],
[Series 2: Proofs and Prints],
[Series 3: Books],
[Series 4: Magazines],
[Series 5: Calendars],
[Series 6: Special Publications],
[Series 7: Reference Files],
[Series 8: Photographic Materials],
[Series 9: Professional Papers],
[Series 10: Personal Papers],
[Series 11: Ephemera],
[Series 12: Original Works of Art],
[All]

Series 9: Professional PapersAdd to your cart.
Papers relating to Walter Baumhofer's professional practice
Sub-Series 1: CorrespondenceAdd to your cart.
Letters arranged by corporate entity
Box 33Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Abercrombie & Fitch Co., 1964Add to your cart.
1 item
Folder 2: Adventure, 1925-1926Add to your cart.
2 items
Folder 3: Alexander Hamilton High School of Commerce, 1933Add to your cart.
1 item
Folder 4: American Artists, 1941-1942Add to your cart.

42 items

​To Walter Baumhofer

Folder 5: American Artists, 1942-1943Add to your cart.

57 items

​To Walter Baumhofer

Folder 6: American Artists, 1943, 1945Add to your cart.

36 items

​To Walter Baumhofer

Folder 7: American Artists, 1950, 1954-1959Add to your cart.

19 items

​To Walter Baumhofer

Folder 8: American Artists, 1960-1965, 1968-1969, 1974, 1976-1977Add to your cart.

58 items

To Walter Baumhofer

Folder 9: American Artists, 1956-1958, 1960-1965, 1967, 1973, 1977Add to your cart.

30 items

From Walter Baumhofer

Folder 10: American ArtistsAdd to your cart.

3 items

Envelopes and folders

Box 34Add to your cart.
Folder 1: The American Magazine, 1947-1948, 1951Add to your cart.
4 items
Folder 2: The American Red Cross, 1945Add to your cart.
3 items
Folder 3: Bear Archery Co., 1966Add to your cart.
2 items
Folder 4: Berry Hill Galleries, 1972Add to your cart.
1 item
Folder 5: Blazing Publications Inc. and Dimedia Inc., 1984Add to your cart.
9 items
Folder 6: Capricorn Galleries, 1978Add to your cart.
1 item
Folder 7: Cerebral Palsy Association of Suffolk County, Inc., 1950Add to your cart.
7 items
Folder 8: Cosmopolitan, 1942, 1982Add to your cart.

2 items

Includes letters from Paul W. Gallico regarding Walter Baumhofer's illustrations for his story "Hiram Holliday," published in Cosmopolitan v.113 no.3, September 1942

Folder 9: Country Gentleman, 1941-1942, 1951Add to your cart.
3 items
Folder 10: Department of Northern Affairs and National Resources, 1964Add to your cart.
1 item
Folder 11: Devoe & Raynolds Co., Inc., 1933Add to your cart.
1 item
Folder 12: The Dragon's Layer, 1979Add to your cart.
2 items
Folder 13: Esquire, 1966, 1980Add to your cart.
4 items
Folder 14: Falmouth Enterprise, 1963Add to your cart.
2 items
Folder 15: Haband Company Inc., 1984Add to your cart.
1 item
Folder 16: Heckscher Museum, 1975Add to your cart.
2 items
Folder 17: Irving Trust Co., 1970Add to your cart.
1 item
Folder 18: The Island Press Inc., 1964Add to your cart.
1 item
Folder 19: Kennedy GalleriesAdd to your cart.
1 item
Folder 20: Ladies' Home Journal, 1948Add to your cart.
1 item
Folder 21: McCall Corporation (Redbook Magazine), 1943Add to your cart.
1 item
Folder 22: McClure's, 1928Add to your cart.
1 item
Folder 23: Mills Novelty Company, 1943Add to your cart.
1 item
Folder 24: Northport Public Library, 1978Add to your cart.
3 items
Folder 25: Office for Emergency Management, 1943Add to your cart.
1 item
Folder 26: Osborne Kemper Thomas, 1971-1974, 1977Add to your cart.
11 items
Folder 27: Outdoor Life, 1961, 1963, 1967, 1970-1971, 1976Add to your cart.
14 items
Folder 28: Polaroid Corp., 1967Add to your cart.
3 items
Folder 29: Popular Publications, 1934-1935Add to your cart.
5 items
Folder 30: Pratt Institute, 1943Add to your cart.
1 item
Folder 31: Prudent Publishing, 1966Add to your cart.
4 items
Folder 32: Pulp Collector, 1987Add to your cart.
2 items
Folder 33: Pulpcon, 1972, 1980, 1982-1984Add to your cart.
15 items
Folder 34: Reader's Digest, 1973Add to your cart.
1 item
Folder 35: Redbook, 1944, 1947Add to your cart.
2 items
Folder 36: Riveredge Foundation, 1972Add to your cart.
3 items
Folder 37: Reed, Walt (Illustration House), 1964, 1968, 1976Add to your cart.

4 items

Letters discussing The Illustrator in America text and Illustration House

Folder 38: Rollins College, 1982Add to your cart.
1 item
Folder 39: School Art League of New York City, 1937, 1942-1945Add to your cart.
10 items
Folder 40: Shaw-Barton Calendar Co., 1968-1971Add to your cart.
6 items
Folder 41: Society of Illustrators, 1941, 1984-1985, 1987Add to your cart.
7 items
Folder 42: Southwest Arts FoundationAdd to your cart.
1 item
Folder 43: The Thomas D. Murphy Co., 1965-1966, 1977-1978Add to your cart.
5 items
Folder 44: United States Department of Agriculture, 1951Add to your cart.
1 item
Folder 45: United States Marine Corps, 1945Add to your cart.
1 item
Folder 46: University of California Los Angeles, 1968Add to your cart.
2 items
Folder 47: White & Davis, 1926Add to your cart.
1 item
Folder 48: Who's Who in American Art, 1982, 1984Add to your cart.
2 items
Folder 49: Will Rogers Memorial, 1969-1971Add to your cart.
10 items
Folder 50: Woman's Home Companion, 1942, 1946, 1950Add to your cart.
4 items
Folder 51: Unidentified, 1948, 1950, 1958, 1966, 1969, 1976-1977, 1980, 1982-1983Add to your cart.
13 items
Sub-Series 2: Fan MailAdd to your cart.
Letters arranged by subject
Box 35Add to your cart.
Folder 1: The American, 1941, 1951Add to your cart.

2 items

From Phoebe Atwood-Taylor (author of several fiction stories illustrated by Walter Baumhofer)

From G. D. Gowley

Folder 2: Argosy, 1956, 1964, 1981Add to your cart.

5 items

To/from Dr. Lawrence Frost

Folder 3: Benjamin Franklin Painting, 1984Add to your cart.

1 item

From Roger A. Cheek

Folder 4: Collier's, 1950Add to your cart.

1 item

From J. P. Evans

Folder 5: New York Herald-Tribune, 1937Add to your cart.

1 item

From Major L. H. French

Folder 6: Outdoor Life, 1964, 1967Add to your cart.
2 items
Folder 7: Pulps, 1967-1969, 1976-1977, 1980-1983, 1985-1986Add to your cart.

16 items

From William N. Austin

From John Cacho

From Jeffery Fisher

To Dave Funnell

From Ron Goulart

To/From Rusty Hevelin

From Howard Hopkins

To/from Paul A. Jarrett

From Brian Kasl

From Joseph Lewandowski

To Douglas J. Mullen

To Phyllis and Bob

To/from Jack Pickard

To Rusty

From Oliver Tucker

From Wooda

From Mike Yevallone

Folder 8: Requests, 1943, 1947Add to your cart.
2 items
Folder 9: Rollins College, 1982Add to your cart.
1 item
Folder 10: This Week, 1937, 1941, 1947Add to your cart.

4 items

From Alice Maxwell (author of Man Needed, illustrated by Walter Baumhofer)

From Vingie E. Roe (author of Black Wind of the Sage, illustrated by Walter Baumhofer)

Folder 11: Valley Forge Painting, 1975Add to your cart.
1 item
Folder 12: Woman's Home Companion, 1940Add to your cart.
2 items
Sub-Series 3: Notes and ClippingsAdd to your cart.

Handwritten notes, newspaper clippings, announcement tear sheets, price lists, and ledgers

Box 36 contains oversized newspaper clippings

Box 35Add to your cart.
Folder 13: Art Exhibitions and ShowsAdd to your cart.
16 items
Folder 14: BiographiesAdd to your cart.
15 items
Folder 15: ClippingsAdd to your cart.
49 items
Folder 16: CopyrightAdd to your cart.
2 items
Folder 17: Ledgers and Price ListsAdd to your cart.

Prices for artwork created by Walter Baumhofer

6 items

Folder 18: Project NotesAdd to your cart.
19 items
Folder 19: Pulps and PulpconAdd to your cart.
15 items
Box 36Add to your cart.
Folder 1: ClippingsAdd to your cart.
5 items
Folder 2: ClippingsAdd to your cart.
4 items
Folder 3: ClippingsAdd to your cart.
9 items
Sub-Series 4: Society of IllustratorsAdd to your cart.
Bulletins and Code of Fair Practices
Box 35Add to your cart.
Folder 20Add to your cart.
5 items

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Tear Sheets],
[Series 2: Proofs and Prints],
[Series 3: Books],
[Series 4: Magazines],
[Series 5: Calendars],
[Series 6: Special Publications],
[Series 7: Reference Files],
[Series 8: Photographic Materials],
[Series 9: Professional Papers],
[Series 10: Personal Papers],
[Series 11: Ephemera],
[Series 12: Original Works of Art],
[All]


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