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Arthur Holly Compton Personal Papers

Overview

Scope and Contents

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

Early Papers of Arthur H. Compton

Academic and Career Data

Personal Correspondence

Chronological Aids and Biographical Data

Minutes of Organizations of which Arthur H. Compton was a Board Member of Trustee

Lectures and Publications of Arthur H. Compton

Personal Library

Biographical Information on Members of the Compton Family

Non-written Records



Contact us about this collection

Arthur Holly Compton Personal Papers, 1905-1971 | WUA University Archives

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Collection Overview

Title: Arthur Holly Compton Personal Papers, 1905-1971Add to your cart.

ID: WUA/03/wua00171

Primary Creator: Compton, Arthur Holly (1892-1962)

Extent: 126.0 Linear Feet

Arrangement:

The collection is arranged into nine series. Additional description and inventories for each series are linked to below.

Series 1: Early Papers of Arthur H. Compton, c. 1905-1918. Includes: early publications (1909-1915), grade records from Wooster and Princeton, and notes from his studies.

Series 2: Academic and Career Data, 1919-1962. These are arranged into three sections as follows: 1. Scientific Research Files, 191-1941, consisting of research notebooks (32 vols.) and notes, correspondence, and miscellany pertaining to Arthur H. Compton's scientific research. 2. Wartime Files, 1941-1945, files accumulated during World War II. 3. Files as Distinguished Service Professor, 1954-1962, consist of notes, summaries, information, and tape recordings of the Conference on Science and Human Responsibility held at Washington University, 1954-1955 and 1956-57.

Series 3: Personal Correspondence, 1925-1962.

Series 4: Chronological Aids and Biographical Data. Includes: personal journal notebooks, 1937-1960; diaries and appointment books, 1920-1961, and scrapbooks, 1927-1953; in addition to biographical sketches, articles and memorials, awards, and other information concerning Arthur H. Compton.

Series 5: Minutes of Organizations of which Arthur H. Compton was a Board Member of Trustee, 1949-1962.

Series 6: Lectures and Publications of Arthur H. Compton. Includes: scientific and non-scientific publications, speeches, lecture notes, miscellaneous manuscripts, book drafts, Atomic Quest working materials.

Series 7: Personal Library. Includes: books Arthur H. Compton used for his course on The Impact of Science on Man; and speeches and publications (scientific and non-scientific) by others than Arthur H. Compton. (No finding aid available for this portion of the collection)

Series 8: Biographical Information on Members of the Compton Family. Includes: scientific publications of Karl T. Compton, (1912-1925); and personal files of Mrs. Arthur H. Compton, principally covering the 1940's and 1950's.

Series 9: Non-written Records. Includes: films, tape and phonograph recordings, photographs, glass slides, hats, and other miscellany.

Languages: English, French, German, Greek,Modern(1453-), Hindi, Spanish;Castilian

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The papers of Arthur Holly Compton consist of personal correspondence files, lecture and research notes, diaries and journals, publications, biographical data and memorabilia.

Collection Historical Note

Arthur Holly Compton was born at Wooster, Ohio, on September 10th, 1892, the son of Elias Compton, Professor of Philosophy and Dean of the College of Wooster. He was educated at the College, graduating Bachelor of Science in 1913, and he spent three years in postgraduate study at Princeton University receiving his M.A. degree in 1914 and his Ph.D. in 1916. After spending a year as instructor of physics at the University of Minnesota, he took a position as a research engineer with the Westinghouse Lamp Company at Pittsburgh until 1919 when he studied at Cambridge University as a National Research Council Fellow. In 1920, he was appointed Wayman Crow Professor of Physics, and Head of the Department of Physics at the Washington University, St. Louis; and in 1923 he moved to the University of Chicago as Professor of Physics. Compton returned to St. Louis as Chancellor in 1945 and from 1954 until his retirement in 1961 he was Distinguished Service Professor of Natural Philosophy at the Washington University.

In his early days at Princeton, Compton devised an elegant method for demonstrating the Earth's rotation, but he was soon to begin his studies in the field of X-rays. He developed a theory of the intensity of X-ray reflection from crystals as a means of studying the arrangement of electrons and atoms, and in 1918 he started a study of X-ray scattering. This led, in 1922, to his discovery of the increase of wavelength of X-rays due to scattering of the incident radiation by free electrons, which implies that the scattered quanta have less energy than the quanta of the original beam. This effect, nowadays known as the Compton effect, which clearly illustrates the particle concept of electromagnetic radiation, was afterwards substantiated by C. T. R. Wilson who, in his cloud chamber, could show the presence of the tracks of the recoil electrons. Another proof of the reality of this phenomenon was supplied by the coincidence method (developed by Compton and A.W. Simon, and independently in Germany by W. Bothe and H. Geiger), by which it could be established that individual scattered X-ray photons and recoil electrons appear at the same instant, contradicting the views then being developed by some investigators in an attempt to reconcile quantum views with the continuous waves of electromagnetic theory. For this discovery, Compton was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for 1927 (sharing this with C. T. R. Wilson who received the Prize for his discovery of the cloud chamber method).

In addition, Compton discovered (with C. F. Hagenow) the phenomenon of total reflection of X-rays and their complete polarization, which led to a more accurate determination of the number of electrons in an atom. He was also the first (with R. L. Doan) who obtained X-ray spectra from ruled gratings, which offers a direct method of measuring the wavelength of X-rays. By comparing these spectra with those obtained when using a crystal, the absolute value of the grating space of the crystal can be determined. The Avogadro number found by combining above value with the measured crystal density, led to a new value for the electronic charge. This outcome necessitated the revision of the Millikan oil-drop value from 4.774 to 4.803 X 10-10 e.s.u. (revealing that systematic errors had been made in the measurement of the viscosity of air, a quantity entering into the oil-drop method).

During 1930-1940, Compton led a world-wide study of the geographic variations of the intensity of cosmic rays, thereby fully confirming the observations made in 1927 by J. Clay from Amsterdam of the influence of latitude on cosmic ray intensity. He could, however, show that the intensity was correlated with geomagnetic rather than geographic latitude. This gave rise to extensive studies of the interaction of the Earth's magnetic field with the incoming isotropic stream of primary charged particles.

Compton has numerous papers on scientific record and he is the author of Secondary Radiations Produced by X-rays (1922), X-Rays and Electrons (1926, second edition 1928), X-Rays in Theory and Experiment (with S. K. Allison, 1935, this being the revised edition of X-rays and Electrons), The Freedom of Man (1935, third edition 1939), On Going to College (with others, 1940), and Human Meaning of Science (1940).

Dr. Compton was awarded numerous honorary degrees and other distinctions including the Rumford Gold Medal (American Academy of Arts and Sciences), 1927; Gold Medal of Radiological Society of North America, 1928; Hughes Medal (Royal Society) and Franklin Medal (Franklin Institute), 1940.

He served as President of the American Physical Society (1934), of the American Association of Scientific Workers (1939-1940), and of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (1942).

In 1941 Compton was appointed Chairman of the National Academy of Sciences Committee to Evaluate Use of Atomic Energy in War. His investigations, carried out in cooperation with E. Fermi, L. Szilard, E. P. Wigner and others, led to the establishment of the first controlled uranium fission reactors, and, ultimately, to the large plutonium-producing reactors in Hanford, Washington, which produced the plutonium for the Nagasaki bomb, in August 1945. (He also played a role in the Government's decision to use the bomb; a personal account of these matters may be found in his book, Atomic Quest - a Personal Narrative, 1956.)

In 1916, he married Betty Charity McCloskey. The eldest of their two sons, Arthur Allen, is in the American Foreign Service and the youngest, John Joseph, is Professor of Philosophy at the Vanderbilt University (Nashville, Tennessee ). His brother Wilson is a former President of the Washington State University, and his brother Karl Taylor was formerly President of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Compton's chief recreations were tennis, astronomy, photography and music.

He died on March 15th, 1962, in Berkeley, California.

Administrative Information

Repository: WUA University Archives

Accruals: The accruals are interfiled with the collection or added at the end of the corresponding series.

Access Restrictions: Theere are restrictions in this collection. Contact the University Archivist at (314) 935-5495 for more information.

Use Restrictions:

Users of the collection must read and agree to abide by the rules and procedures set forth in the Materials Use Policies.

Providing access to materials does not constitute permission to publish or otherwise authorize use. All publication not covered by fair use or other exceptions is restricted to those who have permission of the copyright holder, which may or may not be Washington University.

If you wish to publish or license Special Collections materials, please contact Special Collections to inquire about copyright status at (314) 935-5495 or spec@wumail.wustl.edu. (Publish means quotation in whole or in part in seminar or term papers, theses or dissertations, journal articles, monographs, books, digital forms, photographs, images, dramatic presentations, transcriptions, or any other form prepared for a limited or general public.)

Acquisition Method: This material was willed to the University Archives.

Preferred Citation: [Item description]. From the [collection title, series, box, folder]. University Archives, Washington University in St. Louis.

Processing Information: Processed by Jay Kempen, Sarah Pabarcus, and Leela Pandey in January 2006

Finding Aid Revision History: This finding aid was entered into Archon by Hannah Barg in August 2012. Series 3 revised as of 11/2013.


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Early Papers of Arthur H. Compton, 1905-1918],
[Series 2: Academic and Career Data, 1919-1962],
[Series 3: Personal Correspondence, 1925-1962],
[Series 4: Chronological Aids and Biographical Data],
[Series 5: Minutes of Organizations of which Arthur H. Compton was a Board Member of Trustee, 1949-1962],
[Series 6: Lectures and Publications of Arthur H. Compton],
[Series 7: Personal Library],
[Series 8: Biographical Information on Members of the Compton Family],
[Series 9: Non-written Records],
[All]

Series 4: Chronological Aids and Biographical DataAdd to your cart.
Includes personal journal notebooks, 1937-1960; diaries and appointment books, 1920-1961, and scrapbooks, 1927-1953; in addition to biographical sketches, articles and memorials, awards, and other information concerning Arthur H. Compton.
Sub-Series 1: Personal Journal Notebooks, 1937-1955Add to your cart.
Box 1Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Personal Journal Notebook, January 14, 1937Add to your cart.
Item 1: Six loose pages entitled "Diary" for the period January 14-20, 1937. Re cosmic ray expedition to Mexico CityAdd to your cart.
Folder 2: Personal Journal Notebook (South America), July - August 1941Add to your cart.
Item 1: Diary of cosmic-ray expedition to Peru. Note: pp. 34-42 re wartime project added at later dates in fall 1941. Re preparations for the Chicago project.Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Personal Journal Notebook, November 2-6, 1945Add to your cart.
Item 1: Notebook re course in atomic engineering at Washington University; atomic energy legislation and considerations of atomic power; the status of Washington UniversityAdd to your cart.
Folder 4: Personal Journal Notebook, May 28 - December 31, 1945Add to your cart.
Item 1: Diary for the second half of 1945. Re activities at Washington University; use of atomic bomb and atomic powerAdd to your cart.
Folder 5: Personal Journal Notebook, December 4, 1948 - February 5, 1949Add to your cart.
Item 1: Notebook: addresses, appointments, outlines re scientific mattersAdd to your cart.
Folder 6: Personal Journal Notebook (Indian Trip), 1949-1950Add to your cart.
(2 notebooks)
Item 1: Notes: on India's place in the world; on the journey to India, especially re American democracy vs. Russian communism; on India's problems and possible solutions; on Compton's hopes for Washington UniversityAdd to your cart.
Folder 7: Personal Journal Notebook, April 17-18, 1950Add to your cart.
Item 1: Four loose pages re creation of new professorships.Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Personal Journal Notebook, Summer 1951Add to your cart.
Item 1: Notebook re lectures on religious philosophy; university policy.Add to your cart.
Folder 9: Personal Journal Notebook, November 21, 1951 - January 12, 1952, - April 27, 1953Add to your cart.
Item 1: Notebook re educational policy; role of Washington University in the postwar world; correspondence with United States Steel Corp.; university endowments; intercollegiate sports.Add to your cart.
Folder 10: Personal Journal Notebook, November 14, 1951 (October 11, 1951) - August 6, 1952Add to your cart.
Item 1: Notebook re international exchange of scholars; role of Washington University in St. Louis and the nation; science and man's destiny; the Madaras project; university endowments and libraries, etc. ratings; Washington University finances.Add to your cart.
Folder 11: Personal Journal Notebook, February 7 - December 12, 1952Add to your cart.
Item 1: Notebook re science and man's destiny; admissions policy at Washington University, especially re admission of Negroes; Olin student center; relations with foundations.Add to your cart.
Folder 12: Personal Journal Notebook, March 13, 1952 - July 6, 1953Add to your cart.
Item 1: Notebook re the future of the School of Dentistry.Add to your cart.
Folder 13: Personal Journal Notebook, June 12, 1952 - March 28, 1953Add to your cart.
Item 1: Notebooks re meetings with faculty heads over problems with the Dean of Faculties (letters pasted in); the state of the University; other matters including draft of letters on his future plans and resignation and the future of Washington University.Add to your cart.
Folder 14: Personal Journal Notebook, July 18, 1952 - June 3, 1953Add to your cart.
Item 1: Looseleaf notebook re Washington University matters and drafts of various papers and speeches, also photographs and clippings. Topics include: the future of Washington University; the nature of physical reality; the limits of physical science; strength through truth (notes for a convocation address); the struggle with communism; reports on the status of Washington University, educationally, financially and otherwise; science and human values; proposed reorganization of Washington University administration; notes re College of Wooster; notes re Compton's retirement from the chancellorship and the choice of a new chancellor; commencement address, June, 1953.Add to your cart.
Folder 15: Personal Journal Notebook, August 1 - September 15, 1952Add to your cart.
Item 1: Notebook re letter to Dwight Eisenhower; ideological conflict; notes on an international conference, "L'Homme Devant La Science."Add to your cart.
Folder 16: Personal Journal Notebook, November 1, 1952 - May 8, 1953Add to your cart.
Item 1: Notebook re letter to George Pake concerning Washington University physics department; university administrative matters; letter to Julius Madaras; the human value of physical science; academic freedom; selection of a chancellor for Washington University.Add to your cart.
Folder 17: Personal Journal Notebook, May 4 - December 15, 1953Add to your cart.
Item 1: Notebook re educational television; letters concerning scientific matters.Add to your cart.
Folder 18: Personal Journal Notebook, May 17 - September 4, 1953Add to your cart.
Item 1: Looseleaf notebook re Washington University and the future; commencement address, June 1953; science and freedom; support of basic research; draft of letter to Secretary of Defense; notes for several speeches; trip to Europe, and conferences there; includes maps, schedules, and photographs; trends in education; meeting with Harold Stassen.Add to your cart.
Folder 19: Personal Journal Notebook, August 1 - September 20, 1953Add to your cart.
Item 1: Notebook re lecture on "Atoms, Electricity and the Quest for the Best" and other speeches; chancellor's message to the Board, 8/8/53; remarks on attempt to discredit his loyalty.Add to your cart.
Folder 20: Personal Journal Notebook, October 20, 1953 - January 6, 1954Add to your cart.
Item 1: Notebook re trip of the World Brotherhood Team to Asia, including lists of objectives, letters, lectures, clippings; Washington University matters.Add to your cart.
Folder 21: Personal Journal Notebook, November 9, 1953 - May 12, 1954Add to your cart.
Item 1: Loose pages also re Asian visit, 1954, including address lists, itineraries, programs, invitation lists, letters, clippings.Add to your cart.
Folder 22: Personal Journal Notebook, January 6 - March 28, 1954Add to your cart.
Item 1: Notebook re Asian visit, 1954, including letters, drafts of speeches on brotherhood, programs, clippings, itineraries, etc.Add to your cart.
Folder 23: Personal Journal Notebook, February 15 - May 14, 1954Add to your cart.
Item 1: Notebook re Asian visit, 1954, containing material much the same as those above.Add to your cart.
Folder 24: Personal Journal Notebook, February 17 - June 12, 1954Add to your cart.
Item 1: Notebook also re Asian visit, 1954, contains mainly clippings, postcards, calling cards, etc.Add to your cart.
Folder 25: Personal Journal Notebook, April 19 - August 8, 1954Add to your cart.
Item 1: Notebook re Wohl conference on Science, Technology and Moral Responsibility; statement on the Oppenheimer ruling; autobiographical notes entitled, "I Chose Atomic Strength," and "A Venture of Faith".Add to your cart.
Folder 26: Personal Journal Notebook, June 22 - October 12, 1954Add to your cart.
Item 1: Notebook re death of brother Karl; proposal to the Ford Foundation re World Brotherhood; notes for speeches; autobiographical notes; Madaras process; other material.Add to your cart.
Folder 27: Personal Journal Notebook, June 28 - November 3, 1954Add to your cart.
Item 1: Notebook re personal plans; notes on conference on "The New Humanity," guest lists, schedules.Add to your cart.
Folder 28: Personal Journal Notebook, October 18 - November 28, 1954Add to your cart.
Item 1: Looseleaf notebook re Washington University Conference on Science and Human Responsibility, including outline of opening address and other notes, final statement, program, notes on participants, daily abstracts, preliminary statements, clippings.Add to your cart.
Folder 29: Personal Journal Notebook, October 2, 1954 - September 27, 1955Add to your cart.
Item 1: Looseleaf notebook re the sources of the strength of the United States; notes for Physics 350 and 450 lectures, quizzes, reading lists; lecture series re "The Survival of Modern Man"; other speeches; notes on books used by Compton; notes re dangers involved with atomic weapons; St. Olaf College lectures re "The Winning of Freedom"; working schedule of Compton; notes re foundation grants; sermon for the 1st Presbyterian Church of Nashville and other lectures in Nashville; lectures at Lincoln, Nebraska and Los Angeles; notes on the death of Albert Einstein, 4/18/55; origins of atomic energy as a military project; lecture on "Christianity and World Peace in an Atomic Age"; notes, itinerary, etc. for European trip and conferences; notes on the atomic scientist; notes for Atomic Quest; acting presidency of KETC, television station; notebook also contains clippings, letters, itineraries, etc.Add to your cart.
Folder 30: Madaras, Process Report and Recommendation of Special Subcommitee for House Arms Services CommitteeAdd to your cart.
Folder 31: Madaras Ore Reduction ProcessAdd to your cart.
Folder 32: Madaras Process Iron Ore Reduction PlantAdd to your cart.
Folder 33: Madaras ProcessAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 2: Personal Journal Notebooks, 1955-1958Add to your cart.
Box 2Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Personal Journal Notebook, January 2 - March 3, 1955Add to your cart.
Item 1: Looseleaf notebook re the St. Olaf College lecture series, outlines, notes and drafts, clippings; material for Hill Foundation seminar at St. Olaf College; drafts, letters, photographs, clippings; drafts for Rotary Club addresses, January and February 1955; notes and drafts for Montgomery lectures, University of Nebraska, March 1955.Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Personal Journal Notebook, September 27, 1955 - January 26, 1957Add to your cart.
Item 1: Looseleaf notebook re draft of speech on world tensions; dedication of Renard Hospital; notes for several speeches or lectures on world peace, science, man's future; educational television; clippings on Compton and other topics; "The World Science in the Late Eighteenth Century and Today", April 1956; conversation with Sir Richard Livingstone; the Madaras process; clippings re Atomic Quest.Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Personal Journal Notebook, October 1956 - June 11, 1957Add to your cart.
Item 1: Looseleaf notebook re notes on H-bomb tests and clippings, radiation hazards; draft of speech by Compton on H-bomb tests; clippings and notes re KETC; Charles S. Johnson, President of Fisk University; "Science and Man's Human Growth"; outline; drafts of letters to James S. McDonnell, Harold Dodds; World Brotherhood projects; notes for Senate Committee hearing on disarmament and security; idea for a book; "Education for Maturity", an outline for an essay.Add to your cart.
Item 2: Notes for Rontgen, Atomic Energy and the Family of Man; diary from Miami Beach, February 1957; world tour February - June, 1957; speech, "The American Dream"; conversations with George McKibbin and John R. Barns; diary, March - May 1957; notes for paper, "Science and Man's Freedom"; photographs of Compton.Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Personal Journal Notebook, July 13 - September 4, 1957Add to your cart.
Item 1: Looseleaf notebook re conference on "What Constitutes the Good Life in Today's Society"; Conference on Science and Human Responsibility; Madaras Corporation; corrections for first printing of Atomic Quest.Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Personal Journal Notebook, July 18 - December 13, 1957Add to your cart.
Item 1: Looseleaf notebook re Madaras Corporation; various clippings and notes; support of a fellowship application; draft of, "Nuclear Energy and the Growth of Man", remarks at Atoms for Peace Award Ceremony; radio address, "What Public Education Should Do to Meet the Russian Challenge"; notes for article for Atlantic Magazine, "Science and Man's Freedom"; notes on conversations and conferences; notes on speech, "Nuclear Energy and the Growth of Man"; consultation on "Moral Responsibility and Nuclear Space Problems"; "Implications of Science and Technology"; KETC.Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Personal Journal Notebook, December 26, 1957 - June 5, 1958Add to your cart.
Item 1: Looseleaf notebook re notes on conversations; clippings and reprints; outline, "Military and Political Implications of Recent Scientific Developments"; letter re nuclear weapons testing; luncheon for Sir George P. Thompson; notes for review of a book by Hersenberg, Physics and Philosophy; letter to Senator Symington of Missouri re H-bomb testing; notes re World Brotherhood; bibliographical notes; letter to St. Louis Post-Dispatch re H-bomb testing; Atoms for Peace Award; appointment of Compton as Honorary Director of Washington University; observatory for College of Wooster.Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 3: Personal Journal Notebooks, 1958-1960Add to your cart.
Box 3Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Personal Journal Notebook, April 2, 1958 - December 2, 1959Add to your cart.
Item 1: Loose pages re notes on human responsibility and science; photographs; the Oppenheimer security hearings; clippings.Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Personal Journal Notebook, October 26, 1958 - August 8, 1959Add to your cart.
Item 1: Looseleaf notebook re National Book Award address; death of Ernest O. Lawrence; clippings; outlines from books; the "Science and Human Responsibility" conference series; address, "Education and the Sense of Direction"; Madaras Steel enterprise; address, "The Place of Physics in a Liberal Education"; notes on book writing project tentatively entitled, Power and Possibilities; the Guggenheim Foundation's loyalty policies; freedom of information in government; course at Washington University on "Man, Science and Society"; letters to Compton's doctors; notes on Mother Compton's 100th birthday; American Peace project; biographical information on Compton.Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Personal Journal Notebook, November 8, 1958 - January 14, 1959Add to your cart.
Item 1: Looseleaf notebook re introduction to Japanese edition of Atomic Quest; photographs, clippings, mimeographed and printed material; notes on radiation laboratory visits, photographs of first atomic bomb blast at Almagordo; nuclear test ban information and notes; atomic fallout statements.Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Personal Journal Notebook, March 11 - May 12, 1960Add to your cart.
Item 1: Loose clippings.Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Personal Journal Notebook, October 4-21, 1960Add to your cart.
Item 1: Notebook re Atoms for Peace Award nominations; lectures, "One United Purpose", re world community and "The Effect of Science on Man"; list of men interviewed at Livermore, California.Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 4: Calendars - Data from Various Studies, 1931-1962Add to your cart.
(Monthly calendars of appointments kept by the Comptons, except 1942-1949, 1953.)
Box 4Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Apparently Mrs. Compton's calendar, 1931Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Apparently Mrs. Compton's calendar, 1932Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Apparently Mrs. Compton's calendar, 1933Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Apparently Mrs. Compton's calendar, 1934Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Apparently Mrs. Compton's calendar, 1934-5Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Apparently Mrs. Compton's calendar, 1936-7Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Apparently Mrs. Compton's calendar, 1937Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Apparently Mrs. Compton's calendar, 1937Add to your cart.
Folder 9: Apparently Mrs. Compton's calendar, 1938Add to your cart.
Folder 10: Apparently Mrs. Compton's calendar, 1939Add to your cart.
Folder 11: Apparently Mrs. Compton's calendar, 1940Add to your cart.
Folder 12: Apparently Mrs. Compton's calendar, 1941Add to your cart.
Folder 13: Marked AHC, 1950Add to your cart.
Folder 14: Marked AS, 1950Add to your cart.
Folder 15: Marked AHC, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 16: Marked AS, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 17: Marked AHC, 1952Add to your cart.
Folder 18: Marked AS, 1952Add to your cart.
Folder 19: Marked AHC, 1954Add to your cart.
Folder 20: Marked BMC, 1954Add to your cart.
Folder 21: Marked MJ (Marjorie Johnston), 1954Add to your cart.
Folder 22: Marked AHC, 1955Add to your cart.
Folder 23: Apparently Mrs. Compton's calendar, 1955Add to your cart.
Folder 24: Marked CC, 1955Add to your cart.
Folder 25: Marked AHC, 1956Add to your cart.
Folder 26: Apparently Mrs. Compton's calendar, 1956Add to your cart.
Folder 27: Marked AHC, 1957Add to your cart.
Folder 28: Marked BMC, 1957Add to your cart.
Folder 29: Marked AHC, 1958Add to your cart.
Folder 30: Marked BMC, 1958Add to your cart.
Folder 31: Marked AHC, 1959Add to your cart.
Folder 32: Marked BMC, 1959Add to your cart.
Folder 33: Marked AHC, 1960Add to your cart.
Folder 34: Marked AHC, 1960Add to your cart.
Folder 35: Marked AHC, 1961Add to your cart.
Folder 36: Marked 625 (South Skinker Ave.), 1961Add to your cart.
Folder 37: Marked AHC desk, 1962Add to your cart.
Folder 38: Marked 625 (South Skinker Ave.), 1962Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 5: Daily CalendarsAdd to your cart.
Box 5Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Daily Calendars, 1957Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Daily Calendars, 1960Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Daily Calendars, 1958Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Daily Calendars, 1961Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Daily Calendars, 1959Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Daily Calendars, 1956Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Daily Calendars, 1955Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Daily Calendars, 1955Add to your cart.
Folder 9: Daily Calendars, 1958Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 6: ScrapbooksAdd to your cart.
Box 6Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Cosmic Rays, 1931-32Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Mexico, St. Louis (Missouri Botanical Gardens)Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 7: Diaries and Appointment BooksAdd to your cart.
Box 6aAdd to your cart.
Folder 1: Envelope 1Add to your cart.
Item 1: Tour guide, April 1-26,1920Add to your cart.
issued by Thomas Cook and Son
Folder 2: Envelope 2Add to your cart.
Includes nine diaries, January 1, 1928-January 9, 1937. Brief daily records of appointments; addresses; cash accounts, re activities at the University of Chicago and trips.
Item 1: Diary, January 1, 1928 - December 31, 1928Add to your cart.
Item 2: Diary, January 1, 1929 - December 31, 1929Add to your cart.
Item 3: Diary, January 1, 1930 - December 31, 1930Add to your cart.
Item 4: Diary, January 1, 1931 - December 31, 1931Add to your cart.
Item 5: Diary, January 1, 1932 - December 31, 1932Add to your cart.
Item 6: Diary, January 1, 1933 - December 31, 1933Add to your cart.
Item 7: Diary, January 1, 1934 - December 31, 1934Add to your cart.
Item 8: Diary, January 1, 1935 - January 12, 1936Add to your cart.
Item 9: Diary, January 1, 1936 - January 9, 1937Add to your cart.
Item 10: Diary, Paris, November, 1941 (marked 1939)Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Envelope 3Add to your cart.
Includes six grocery accounts books (Oxford, England),  September 1934 - June 1935.
Item 1: Account Book, September 6, 1934 - June 4, 1935Add to your cart.
Item 2: Account Book, September 6, 1934 - June 1, 1935Add to your cart.
Item 3: Account Book, September 6, 1934 - June 1, 1935Add to your cart.
Item 4: Account Book, September 7, 1934 - June 1, 1935Add to your cart.
Item 5: Account Book, September 8, 1934 - June 1, 1935Add to your cart.
Item 6: Account Book, September 8, 1934 - June 1, 1935Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Envelope 4Add to your cart.
Includes seven diaries and notebooks, September 20, 1942-November 30, 1946. Appointments; notations of events; addresses; cash accounts re activities in Chicago and Washington University.
Item 1: Diary, September 20, 1942 - December 31, 1943Add to your cart.
Item 2: Notebooks, April 1944 - February 1945Add to your cart.
two notebooks
Item 3: Diary, June 1-30, 1945Add to your cart.
Item 4: Diary, June 1-31, 1945Add to your cart.
Item 5: Diary, January 1, 1945 - December 31, 1945Add to your cart.
Item 6: Diary, November 1-30, 1946Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Envelope 5Add to your cart.
Includes five "Week-at-a-Glance" diaries, kept by Mrs. Compton. Appointments and other notations; addresses; also contains clippings, business cards, postcards
Item 1: Diary, December 29, 1941 - January 3, 1943Add to your cart.
Item 2: Diary, January 27, 1943 - December 31, 1944Add to your cart.
Item 3: Diary, January 1, 1945 - January 6, 1946Add to your cart.
Item 4: Diary, December 31, 1945 - January 5, 1947Add to your cart.
Item 5: Diary, December 29, 1947 - January 2, 1949Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Envelope 6Add to your cart.
Item 1: One notebook (n.d.), evidently from the mid-1940's.Add to your cart.
Miscellaneous notes, musings, addresses. Appears to be mainly in Mrs. Compton's handwriting.
Folder 7: Envelope 7Add to your cart.
Includes seven diaries, January 1, 1947 - January 11, 1951. Daily records of appointments, addresses; mainly re activities concerning Washington University
Item 1: Diary, January 1, 1947 - January 8, 1948Add to your cart.
(apparently Mrs. Compton's)
Item 2: Diary, December 9, 1946 - January 8, 1948Add to your cart.
Item 3: Diary, January 1, 1948 - December 31, 1948Add to your cart.
Item 4: Diary, January 1, 1949 - December 31, 1949Add to your cart.
Item 5: Diary, January 1, 1950 - January 11, 1951Add to your cart.
Item 6: Diary, January 1, 1950 - January 6, 1951Add to your cart.
(apparently Mrs. Compton's)
Item 7: Diary, January 1, 1950 - January 11, 1951Add to your cart.
(apparently Mrs. Compton's)
Folder 8: Envelope 8Add to your cart.
Includes nine diaries, January 1, 1951 - January 2, 1958. Appointments, addresses and notations.
Item 1: Diary, January 1, 1951 - January 10, 1952Add to your cart.
Item 2: Diary, January 1, 1952 - January 8, 1953Add to your cart.
Item 3: Diary, January 1, 1953 - January 7, 1954Add to your cart.
Item 4: Diary, January 1, 1954 - January 6, 1955Add to your cart.
Item 5: Diary, January 1, 1955 - January 7, 1956Add to your cart.
Item 6: Diary, January 1, 1955 - January 5, 1956Add to your cart.
(apparently Mrs. Compton's)
Item 7: Diary, January 1, 1956 - January 3, 1957Add to your cart.
Item 8: Diary, October 1, 1956 - December 31, 1956Add to your cart.
loose-leaf, apparently Mrs. Compton's
Item 9: Diary, December 31, 1956 - January 2, 1958Add to your cart.
Folder 9: Envelope 9Add to your cart.
Includes nine diaries
Item 1: Diary, December 31, 1957Add to your cart.
Includes appointments, addresses, notations.
Item 2: Diary, December 31, 1957 - January 1, 1959Add to your cart.
Item 3: Diary, January 1, 1958 - January 1, 1959Add to your cart.
Mrs. Compton's
Item 4: Diary, January 1, 1959 - December 31, 1959Add to your cart.
includes family photographs
Item 5: Diary, December 31, 1958-December 31, 1959Add to your cart.
Mrs. Compton's
Item 6: Diary, January 1, 1960 - December 1, 1960Add to your cart.
Item 7: Diary, January 1, 1960 - January 1, 1961Add to your cart.
Mrs. Compton's
Item 8: Diary, December 2, 1960 - October 23, 1961Add to your cart.
Item 9: Diary, January 1, 1961 - December 31, 1961Add to your cart.
Mrs. Compton's
Folder 10: Envelope 9aAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Address BookAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 8: Biographical Sketches and MemorialsAdd to your cart.
Box 7Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Biographical Sketches I, 1939-1957Add to your cart.
Item 1: Biographical Sketches: Correspondence concerning resumes of Arthur Holly Compton sent to various biographical publications. Resumes included.Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Biographical Sketches II, 1957-1959Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Biographical Sketches III, 1960-1967Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Special Positions, 1945-1961Add to your cart.
Item 1: News articles, correspondence, etc., concerning A.H. Compton's appointments and resignations from various professional positions.Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Special Positions: NewsclippingsAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Newsclippings concerning Compton's appointments and resignations, especially as chancellor of Washington University.Add to your cart.
Folder 6: CommunismAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Correspondence, news articles, etc., concerning Compton's alleged membership in Communist organizations (includes We Must Abolish the United States by Joseph Kempt).Add to your cart.
Item 2: Correspondence, news articles, etc., concerning Compton's defense of UNESCO.Add to your cart.
Item 3: Correspondence concerning Compton's refusal to correspond with East German organizations.Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Awards and HonorsAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Correspondence, news articles, etc., concerning various awards and honors bestowed on Compton.Add to your cart.
Item 2: Folder on the Nobel Prize for Physics, (see Series 4, Box 13 for other awards and honors).Add to your cart.
Item 3: Remarks by Governor Phil M. Donnelly and Mayor Kaufmann at luncheon for Compton, May 8, 1946.Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Awards and Honors: NewsclippingsAdd to your cart.
Folder 9: Nobel, 1927Add to your cart.
Folder 10: Nobel Prize: Newsclippings, (see correspondence, Series 3, Box 1, for congratulatory messages)Add to your cart.
Folder 11: Memorials and/or Dedications: ArchivesAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Correspondence concerning the establishment of the Compton Collection.Add to your cart.
Folder 12: Memorials and/or Dedications: AcknowledgementsAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Notes and letters to Betty M. Compton acknowledging receipt from her of Dr. Jeffrey's article and tribute to Compton.Add to your cart.
Folder 13: Memorials and/or Dedications: AlcoveAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Dedication of Alcove in Olin Library to Compton. Texts of speeches given on that occasion.Add to your cart.
Folder 14: Memorials and/or Dedications: American Institute of PhysicsAdd to your cart.
Folder 15: Memorials and/or Dedications: American Nuclear Society AwardAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Concerning establishment of an Arthur Holly Compton Award for outstanding contributions to education by the American Nuclear Society.Add to your cart.
Folder 16: Memorials and/or Dedications: Physics LaboratoryAdd to your cart.
Folder 17Add to your cart.
Item 1: Newspaper articles, etc., concerning Compton Laboratory of Physics, Washington University, and dedication. Text of speech given on the occasion of the dedication.Add to your cart.
Folder 18: Memorials and/or Dedications: Physics Laboratory DedicationAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Correspondence and congratulation concerning dedication of the Compton Laboratory of Physics, Washington University.Add to your cart.
Folder 19: Memorials and/or Dedications: GeneralAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Correspondence concerning Washington University's general program concerning Compton memorials.Add to your cart.
Folder 20: Memorials and/or Dedications: Compton Lecture, Washington UniversityAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Arthur Holly Compton Memorial Lecture at Washington University programs and texts of 1964 and 1965 lectures.Add to your cart.
Folder 21: Memorials and/or Dedications: Compton LecturesAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Concerning establishment of A.H. Compton Memorial Lectures by Physics Club of Chicago, Inc., and by the Univ. of California.Add to your cart.
Folder 22: Memorials and/or Dedications: PublicationsAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Correspondence concerning Washington University's A.H. Compton publication project.Add to your cart.
Folder 23: Memorials and/or Dedications: PrincetonAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Dedication of Princeton University's Compton Quadrangle.Add to your cart.
Folder 24: Memorials and/or Dedications: Gifts to MemorialsAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Acknowledgements of receipt of gifts to various funds (including Washington University's A.H. Compton Memorial Fund) in memorial to A.H. Compton.Add to your cart.
Folder 25: Memorials and/or Dedications: Compton CentersAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Establishment of an A.H. Compton Memorial Center at Washington University.Add to your cart.
Folder 26: Memorials and/or Dedications: St. Louis Public libraryAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Memorial display of Compton memorabilia, December 1967 at the St. Louis Public Library.Add to your cart.
Folder 27: Memorials and/or Dedications: Tape Recordings of Dedication of Compton Collection in Olin Library on March 15, 1964Add to your cart.
Folder 28: Memorials and/or Dedications: AHC Pictures in Rontgen home labAdd to your cart.
2 glass plate negatives of Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen exhibit with quote from Compton
Sub-Series 9: Articles and MemoirsAdd to your cart.
Box 8Add to your cart.
Folder 1: The Commerical Club of Chicago Yearbook, 1961-62Add to your cart.
(2 folders)
Folder 2: Book of FriendshipAdd to your cart.
(2 folders)
Folder 3: Trail Blazers to RadionicsAdd to your cart.
Folder 4: ArticlesAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Various articles on Compton, 1927-1967.Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Articles and Memoirs, Folder 1Add to your cart.
Item 1: Articles, texts of speeches, etc., to the memory of Compton.Add to your cart.
Item 2: Article by Zay JeffriesAdd to your cart.
Item 3: Remarks of Ethan A.H. Shepley at memorial service for Compton at Graham Chapel, Washington UniversityAdd to your cart.
Item 4: Articles on Compton by some of his former studentsAdd to your cart.
Item 5: Article on Compton written for Science by Samuel K. Allison, with a letter concerning it from Mrs. Betty M. Compton.Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Articles and Memoirs, Folder 2Add to your cart.
Item 1: Articles on Compton in various books and magazines.Add to your cart.
Item 2: Bulletin of Compton's inauguration as chancellor of Washington University.Add to your cart.
Item 3: Gamov, George Biography of Physics, anecdote pp. 234-236.Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Great MenAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 10: NewsclippingsAdd to your cart.
Box 9Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Biographical DataAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Various newsclippings concerning Compton from 1948 to 1962, collected by Marjorie Johnston.Add to your cart.
Item 2: Press reports on Compton's visit to Germany, June 1950.Add to your cart.
Item 3: Some newsclippings sent by the Publicity Office (1945-7,1949-51,1954,1959,1962,1967,1968,undated).Add to your cart.
Folder 2: About Compton in GeneralAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Various articles concerning or mentioning A.H. Compton.Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Nuclear Chain ReactionAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Articles about the Manhattan Project.Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Cosmic Ray, Jungfrau, 1930-32Add to your cart.
Item 1: Articles about Compton's Cosmic Ray expedition to Jungfrau and to Colorado.Add to your cart.
Item 2: Photographs.Add to your cart.
Folder 5: India TripAdd to your cart.
[wanting as of 12/30/05]
Item 1: Articles about Compton's trip to India, 1949.Add to your cart.
Box 10Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Sympathy LettersAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Sympathy letters regarding Compton's death received by Mrs. Compton. Filed alphabetically by name of correspondent.Add to your cart.
Box 11Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Newspaper Obituaries for ComptonAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 11: Awards and HonorsAdd to your cart.
Box 12Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Second Annual Brotherhood Award of The League of Fraternal and Benevolent Organizations of the Jewish Education Committee of New York. Scroll enclosed in wooden sheath.Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Citation to Accompany the Award of the Medal for Merit to Dr. Arthur H. Compton signed by Harry Truman. Framed.Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Booklet for Testimonial Dinner in honor of the five Nobel Prize winners of St. Louis, November 29, 1948. St. Louis Chamber of Commerce.Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Degree of Doctor of Science conferred on Compton by the University of Chicago, December 19, 1952.Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Statement conferring the Hughes Medal of the Royal Society of London on Compton, 1940.Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Conferral of the Mateucci Medal on Compton, 1933.Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Conferral of Rontgen Award on Compton, 1957. Includes photographs taken on the occasion.Add to your cart.
Folder 8: A Tribute to A.H. Compton from the Board of Trustees of the Museum of Science and Industry, April 4, 1962.Add to your cart.
Folder 9: Calendar with A.H. Compton's picture.Add to your cart.
Folder 10: Award from the Academy of Lyncei, 1927. Copper plaque.Add to your cart.
Folder 11: MemorialsAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Langsdorf; the Commercial Club of Chicago, 1962Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 12: Personal Journal Notebooks, 1939-61 and undatedAdd to your cart.
Unsorted, except put in folder by years
Box 13Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Personal Journal Notebook, 1939Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Personal Journal Notebook, 1946Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Personal Journal Notebook, 1949Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Personal Journal Notebook, 1952Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Personal Journal Notebook, 1954Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Personal Journal Notebook, 1955Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Personal Journal Notebook, 1956Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Personal Journal Notebook, 1957Add to your cart.
Folder 9: Personal Journal Notebook, 1958Add to your cart.
Folder 10: Personal Journal Notebook, 1959Add to your cart.
Folder 11: Personal Journal Notebook, 1960Add to your cart.
Folder 12: Personal Journal Notebook, 1961Add to your cart.
Folder 13: Personal Journal Notebook, UndatedAdd to your cart.

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Early Papers of Arthur H. Compton, 1905-1918],
[Series 2: Academic and Career Data, 1919-1962],
[Series 3: Personal Correspondence, 1925-1962],
[Series 4: Chronological Aids and Biographical Data],
[Series 5: Minutes of Organizations of which Arthur H. Compton was a Board Member of Trustee, 1949-1962],
[Series 6: Lectures and Publications of Arthur H. Compton],
[Series 7: Personal Library],
[Series 8: Biographical Information on Members of the Compton Family],
[Series 9: Non-written Records],
[All]


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