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Arthur Holly Compton Personal Papers

Overview

Scope and Contents

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

Early Papers of Arthur H. Compton

Academic and Career Data

Personal Correspondence

Chronological Aids and Biographical Data

Minutes of Organizations of which Arthur H. Compton was a Board Member of Trustee

Lectures and Publications of Arthur H. Compton

Personal Library

Biographical Information on Members of the Compton Family

Non-written Records



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Arthur Holly Compton Personal Papers, 1905-1971 | WUA University Archives

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Collection Overview

Title: Arthur Holly Compton Personal Papers, 1905-1971Add to your cart.

ID: WUA/03/wua00171

Primary Creator: Compton, Arthur Holly (1892-1962)

Extent: 126.0 Linear Feet

Arrangement:

The collection is arranged into nine series. Additional description and inventories for each series are linked to below.

Series 1: Early Papers of Arthur H. Compton, c. 1905-1918. Includes: early publications (1909-1915), grade records from Wooster and Princeton, and notes from his studies.

Series 2: Academic and Career Data, 1919-1962. These are arranged into three sections as follows: 1. Scientific Research Files, 191-1941, consisting of research notebooks (32 vols.) and notes, correspondence, and miscellany pertaining to Arthur H. Compton's scientific research. 2. Wartime Files, 1941-1945, files accumulated during World War II. 3. Files as Distinguished Service Professor, 1954-1962, consist of notes, summaries, information, and tape recordings of the Conference on Science and Human Responsibility held at Washington University, 1954-1955 and 1956-57.

Series 3: Personal Correspondence, 1925-1962.

Series 4: Chronological Aids and Biographical Data. Includes: personal journal notebooks, 1937-1960; diaries and appointment books, 1920-1961, and scrapbooks, 1927-1953; in addition to biographical sketches, articles and memorials, awards, and other information concerning Arthur H. Compton.

Series 5: Minutes of Organizations of which Arthur H. Compton was a Board Member of Trustee, 1949-1962.

Series 6: Lectures and Publications of Arthur H. Compton. Includes: scientific and non-scientific publications, speeches, lecture notes, miscellaneous manuscripts, book drafts, Atomic Quest working materials.

Series 7: Personal Library. Includes: books Arthur H. Compton used for his course on The Impact of Science on Man; and speeches and publications (scientific and non-scientific) by others than Arthur H. Compton. (No finding aid available for this portion of the collection)

Series 8: Biographical Information on Members of the Compton Family. Includes: scientific publications of Karl T. Compton, (1912-1925); and personal files of Mrs. Arthur H. Compton, principally covering the 1940's and 1950's.

Series 9: Non-written Records. Includes: films, tape and phonograph recordings, photographs, glass slides, hats, and other miscellany.

Languages: English, French, German, Greek,Modern(1453-), Hindi, Spanish;Castilian

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The papers of Arthur Holly Compton consist of personal correspondence files, lecture and research notes, diaries and journals, publications, biographical data and memorabilia.

Collection Historical Note

Arthur Holly Compton was born at Wooster, Ohio, on September 10th, 1892, the son of Elias Compton, Professor of Philosophy and Dean of the College of Wooster. He was educated at the College, graduating Bachelor of Science in 1913, and he spent three years in postgraduate study at Princeton University receiving his M.A. degree in 1914 and his Ph.D. in 1916. After spending a year as instructor of physics at the University of Minnesota, he took a position as a research engineer with the Westinghouse Lamp Company at Pittsburgh until 1919 when he studied at Cambridge University as a National Research Council Fellow. In 1920, he was appointed Wayman Crow Professor of Physics, and Head of the Department of Physics at the Washington University, St. Louis; and in 1923 he moved to the University of Chicago as Professor of Physics. Compton returned to St. Louis as Chancellor in 1945 and from 1954 until his retirement in 1961 he was Distinguished Service Professor of Natural Philosophy at the Washington University.

In his early days at Princeton, Compton devised an elegant method for demonstrating the Earth's rotation, but he was soon to begin his studies in the field of X-rays. He developed a theory of the intensity of X-ray reflection from crystals as a means of studying the arrangement of electrons and atoms, and in 1918 he started a study of X-ray scattering. This led, in 1922, to his discovery of the increase of wavelength of X-rays due to scattering of the incident radiation by free electrons, which implies that the scattered quanta have less energy than the quanta of the original beam. This effect, nowadays known as the Compton effect, which clearly illustrates the particle concept of electromagnetic radiation, was afterwards substantiated by C. T. R. Wilson who, in his cloud chamber, could show the presence of the tracks of the recoil electrons. Another proof of the reality of this phenomenon was supplied by the coincidence method (developed by Compton and A.W. Simon, and independently in Germany by W. Bothe and H. Geiger), by which it could be established that individual scattered X-ray photons and recoil electrons appear at the same instant, contradicting the views then being developed by some investigators in an attempt to reconcile quantum views with the continuous waves of electromagnetic theory. For this discovery, Compton was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for 1927 (sharing this with C. T. R. Wilson who received the Prize for his discovery of the cloud chamber method).

In addition, Compton discovered (with C. F. Hagenow) the phenomenon of total reflection of X-rays and their complete polarization, which led to a more accurate determination of the number of electrons in an atom. He was also the first (with R. L. Doan) who obtained X-ray spectra from ruled gratings, which offers a direct method of measuring the wavelength of X-rays. By comparing these spectra with those obtained when using a crystal, the absolute value of the grating space of the crystal can be determined. The Avogadro number found by combining above value with the measured crystal density, led to a new value for the electronic charge. This outcome necessitated the revision of the Millikan oil-drop value from 4.774 to 4.803 X 10-10 e.s.u. (revealing that systematic errors had been made in the measurement of the viscosity of air, a quantity entering into the oil-drop method).

During 1930-1940, Compton led a world-wide study of the geographic variations of the intensity of cosmic rays, thereby fully confirming the observations made in 1927 by J. Clay from Amsterdam of the influence of latitude on cosmic ray intensity. He could, however, show that the intensity was correlated with geomagnetic rather than geographic latitude. This gave rise to extensive studies of the interaction of the Earth's magnetic field with the incoming isotropic stream of primary charged particles.

Compton has numerous papers on scientific record and he is the author of Secondary Radiations Produced by X-rays (1922), X-Rays and Electrons (1926, second edition 1928), X-Rays in Theory and Experiment (with S. K. Allison, 1935, this being the revised edition of X-rays and Electrons), The Freedom of Man (1935, third edition 1939), On Going to College (with others, 1940), and Human Meaning of Science (1940).

Dr. Compton was awarded numerous honorary degrees and other distinctions including the Rumford Gold Medal (American Academy of Arts and Sciences), 1927; Gold Medal of Radiological Society of North America, 1928; Hughes Medal (Royal Society) and Franklin Medal (Franklin Institute), 1940.

He served as President of the American Physical Society (1934), of the American Association of Scientific Workers (1939-1940), and of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (1942).

In 1941 Compton was appointed Chairman of the National Academy of Sciences Committee to Evaluate Use of Atomic Energy in War. His investigations, carried out in cooperation with E. Fermi, L. Szilard, E. P. Wigner and others, led to the establishment of the first controlled uranium fission reactors, and, ultimately, to the large plutonium-producing reactors in Hanford, Washington, which produced the plutonium for the Nagasaki bomb, in August 1945. (He also played a role in the Government's decision to use the bomb; a personal account of these matters may be found in his book, Atomic Quest - a Personal Narrative, 1956.)

In 1916, he married Betty Charity McCloskey. The eldest of their two sons, Arthur Allen, is in the American Foreign Service and the youngest, John Joseph, is Professor of Philosophy at the Vanderbilt University (Nashville, Tennessee ). His brother Wilson is a former President of the Washington State University, and his brother Karl Taylor was formerly President of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Compton's chief recreations were tennis, astronomy, photography and music.

He died on March 15th, 1962, in Berkeley, California.

Administrative Information

Repository: WUA University Archives

Accruals: The accruals are interfiled with the collection or added at the end of the corresponding series.

Access Restrictions: Theere are restrictions in this collection. Contact the University Archivist at (314) 935-5495 for more information.

Use Restrictions:

Users of the collection must read and agree to abide by the rules and procedures set forth in the Materials Use Policies.

Providing access to materials does not constitute permission to publish or otherwise authorize use. All publication not covered by fair use or other exceptions is restricted to those who have permission of the copyright holder, which may or may not be Washington University.

If you wish to publish or license Special Collections materials, please contact Special Collections to inquire about copyright status at (314) 935-5495 or spec@wumail.wustl.edu. (Publish means quotation in whole or in part in seminar or term papers, theses or dissertations, journal articles, monographs, books, digital forms, photographs, images, dramatic presentations, transcriptions, or any other form prepared for a limited or general public.)

Acquisition Method: This material was willed to the University Archives.

Preferred Citation: [Item description]. From the [collection title, series, box, folder]. University Archives, Washington University in St. Louis.

Processing Information: Processed by Jay Kempen, Sarah Pabarcus, and Leela Pandey in January 2006

Finding Aid Revision History: This finding aid was entered into Archon by Hannah Barg in August 2012. Series 3 revised as of 11/2013.


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Early Papers of Arthur H. Compton, 1905-1918],
[Series 2: Academic and Career Data, 1919-1962],
[Series 3: Personal Correspondence, 1925-1962],
[Series 4: Chronological Aids and Biographical Data],
[Series 5: Minutes of Organizations of which Arthur H. Compton was a Board Member of Trustee, 1949-1962],
[Series 6: Lectures and Publications of Arthur H. Compton],
[Series 7: Personal Library],
[Series 8: Biographical Information on Members of the Compton Family],
[Series 9: Non-written Records],
[All]

Series 8: Biographical Information on Members of the Compton FamilyAdd to your cart.
Includes scientific publications of Karl T. Compton, (1912-1925); and personal files of Mrs. Arthur H. Compton, principally covering the 1940s and 1950s.
Sub-Series 1: Biographical Information on Compton Family MembersAdd to your cart.
Box 1Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Arthur Alan ComptonAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Summary Statement of Qualifications of Arthur A. Compton, April 1954.Add to your cart.
Item 2: Who's Who final galley proof, A.A. Compton.Add to your cart.
Item 3: A.A. Compton personal data for "Who's Who."Add to your cart.
Item 4: Objectives of My Life and Study, A.A. Compton, portion of Rhodes Scholarship Application.Add to your cart.
Item 5: A Student's Attitude Toward LifeAdd to your cart.
Item 6: Unesco and Education for International Understanding, 7/10/47Add to your cart.
(two copies)
Item 7: Federal Budgetary Administration in the United States, for Seminar on the Administrative Process, Harvard Graduate School.Add to your cart.
(seven copies)
Folder 2: Betty McCloskey Compton Biographical DataAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Biographical data sheet on BMC.Add to your cart.
Item 2: Program, Thirteenth Annual Ladies of the Press Honors Luncheon, BMC honored.Add to your cart.
Item 3: Pamphlet, "Medal of French Recognition," awarded to Mrs. Betty M. Compton.Add to your cart.
Item 4: Scientists Do Have Happy Homes:  With Good Sports as Wives; First Witness:  Betty Compton.  Joean Anjonn in Saturday Review, 12/6/56.Add to your cart.
Item 5: I Like Everything I Do - Mrs. Compton Kate Hilliker, Student Life, 5/22/53.Add to your cart.
Item 6: Mrs. Compton Dons Security Cloak with Scientist Husband, Alma Kaufman.Add to your cart.
Item 7: Twenty-Five Years Later, Argonne News, Dec.-Jan. 1968.Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Mrs. Compton's LettersAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Post 1962.Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Compton, Betty M.Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Compton, EliasAdd to your cart.
Item 1: When Elias Compton Began to Teach.Add to your cart.
Item 2: Do Miracles Help or Hinder the Gospel? Elias Compton, The Presbyterian Banner, 7/9/14.Add to your cart.
Item 3: What is the Thinker? Elias Compton, The Wooster Quarterly, October 1912.Add to your cart.
Folder 6: John ComptonAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Report Cards, 1941.Add to your cart.
Item 2: Elected as Secretary-Treasurer, Ashville School, The Ashnoca, 3/14/45.Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Karl Taylor ComptonAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Articles About KTCAdd to your cart.
Item 2: Karl Taylor Compton - the Scientist, George R. Harrison, Technology Review." November 1957.Add to your cart.
Item 3: Karl Compton and American Physics, George R. Harrison, Physics Today, November 1957.Add to your cart.
Item 4: Karl T. Compton: A Tribute, H. Rowan Gaither, Jr., Wooster Alumni Bulletin, December 1955.Add to your cart.
Item 5: Karl Taylor Compton: Scientist, Educator, Humanitarian, C.G. Suits, address on occasion of award of the Hoover Medal to KT, 1950.Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Karl T. Compton, General ReprintsAdd to your cart.
Item 1: An American Faraday, KTC., reprinted form The Technology Review, Vol. XXXIII, #4, Jan. 1931.Add to your cart.
Item 2: Adventures with Electricity in a Partial Vacuum, KTC., reprinted form The Scientific Monthly, Jan. 1931, Vol. XXXII, pp 69-72.Add to your cart.
Item 3: What's Next in Science? KTC., address before American Association for the Advancement of Science, 12/30/35.Add to your cart.
Item 4: The Social Implications of Scientific Discovery, KTC., Jayne Memorial Lecture, American Philosophical Society, Independence Square, Phila., 3/15/38.Add to your cart.
Item 5: President's Report 1945: The War Record of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, KTC.Add to your cart.
Item 6: Electron and Nucleus: Lessons for those Who Can Learn, KTC., Journal of the Western Society of Engineers, Vol. 52, #2, June 1947.Add to your cart.
Item 7: President's Report 1947, KTC., Massachusetts Institute of Technology.Add to your cart.
Item 8: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 'Tomb of the Dead Languages', KTC., 1948.Add to your cart.
Item 9: Address, Killian Inauguration, 4/2/49, KTC.Add to your cart.
Item 10: The Scientist and the Engineer, KTC., Wallberg Lecture, University of Toronto, 1/11/49.Add to your cart.
Item 11: The State of Science, KTC., The Technology Review, Vol. 51, #7, May 1949.Add to your cart.
Item 12: It Happened This Way, KTC., 4/7/50.Add to your cart.
Item 13: Food Fuel, and Faith, KTC., Commencement Address, W.U., 6/11/52.Add to your cart.
Item 14: Power:  In Retrospect and Prospect, KTC., address before New England Section of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers, 4/30/53.Add to your cart.
Item 15: Mission to Tokyo, KTC., undated.Add to your cart.
Folder 9: Karl T. Compton, Scientific ReprintsAdd to your cart.
Item 1: The Photoelectric Effect.  O.W. Richardson and Karl T. Compton.Add to your cart.
Item 2: The Influence of the Contact Difference of Potential Between the Plates Emitting and Receiving Electrons Liberated by Ultraviolet Light on the Measurement on the Velocities of these Electrons. KTC, Ph.D. thesis, 1912.Add to your cart.
Item 3: Note on the Velocity of Electrons Liberated by Photoelectric Action, KTC., 1913.Add to your cart.
Item 4: Charged  Surface Layers Formed on the Electrodes of Vacuum Tubes. KTC and L.W. Ross, 1915.Add to your cart.
Item 5: Temperature Changes Accompanying the Adiabatic Compression of Steel. KTC and D.B. Webster, 1915.Add to your cart.
Item 6: The Theory of Ionization by Collision, KTC., 1916.Add to your cart.
Item 7: The Mean Free Path of an Electron in a Gas and its Minimum Ionizing Potential, KTC., 1916.Add to your cart.
Item 8: Application of the Electron Theory of Gaseous Dielectric to the Calculation of Minimum Ionizing Potentials, KTC., 1916.Add to your cart.
Item 9: The Nature of the Collisions of Electrons with Gas Molecules, KTC and J.M.Benade, 1916.Add to your cart.
Item 10: Diffusion Cells in Ionized Gases, E.B. Wook, O.A. deLong, Karl T. Compton, 1916.Add to your cart.
Item 11: Temperature Coefficient of Contact Potential: A Rejoinder, KTC 1917.Add to your cart.
Item 12: The Theory of Ionization by Collision, KTC and J.M. Benade, 1918.Add to your cart.
Item 13: The Passage of Photoelectrons Through Metals, KTC and L.W. Ross, 1919.Add to your cart.
Item 14: On Ionization by Successive Impacts and Its Action in Low Voltage Arcs, KTC., 1920.Add to your cart.
Item 15: Excitation of the Spectrum of Helium, KTC. and E.G. Lilly, 1920.Add to your cart.
Item 16: The Minimum Arcing Voltage in Helium, KTC., E.G. Lilly, P.S. Olmstead, 1920.Add to your cart.
Item 17: Ionization and Production of Radiation By Electron Impacts in Helium Investigated by a New Method, KTC. 1920.Add to your cart.
Item 18: The Effect of Fluorescence and Dissociation on the Ionizing Potential of Iodine Vapor, H.D. Smyth and KTC., 1920.Add to your cart.
Item 19: Note on the Radiating and Ionizing Potentials of Hydrogen, KTC. and P.S. Olmstead, 1921.Add to your cart.
Item 20: Recent Discoveries and Theories Relating to the Structure of Matter, KTC., 1922.Add to your cart.
Item 21: A Tungsten Furnace for Experiments on Dissociation and Ionization, KTC., 1922.Add to your cart.
Item 22: Theory of Ionization by Cumulative Action and the Low-Voltage Arc, KTC., 1922.Add to your cart.
Item 23: Physics of the Three-Electrode Bulb, KTC., 1922.Add to your cart.
Item 24: Note on the Distribution of Range of Recoil Atoms, KTC., 1922.Add to your cart.
Item 25: Remarks on Ionization by Cumulative Action, KTC., 1922.Add to your cart.
Item 26: Arc Spectra and Ionization Potentials in Dissociated Gases, KTC., 1922.Add to your cart.
Item 27: Some Properties of Resonance Radiation and Excited Atoms, KTC., 1923.Add to your cart.
Item 28: Note of Brauer's Theory of the Function of Cathode in Electric Arcs, KTC., 1923.Add to your cart.
Item 29: Ionization and Activation of Gases, KTC., 1923.Add to your cart.
Item 30: On the Motions of Electrons in Gases, KTC., 1923.Add to your cart.
Item 31: Chemical and Spectroscopic Properties of Excited Atoms and Reversible Effects of Electron Impacts in Gases, KTC., 1923.Add to your cart.
Item 32: Radiation Potentials of Atomic Hydrogen, P.S. Olmstead and KTC., 1928.Add to your cart.
Item 33: Oscillations in the Low-Voltage Helium Arc, KTC., 1924.Add to your cart.
Item 34: The Band Spectrum of Mercury and the Dissociation of Hydrogen Molecules by Excited Mercury Atoms, KTC., and Louis A. Turner.Add to your cart.
Item 35: Theory and Experiments Relating to the Striated Glow Discharge in Mercury Vapor, KTC., L.A. Turner, and W.H. McCurdy, 1924.Add to your cart.
Item 36: The Diffusion of Electrons Against an Electric Field on the Non-Oscillatory Abnormal Low-Voltage Arc, KTC and Carl Eckhart, 1925.Add to your cart.
Item 37: Absorption of a Line of the Principal Series of Singly Ionized Atomic Mercury, Louis A. Turner and K.T. Compton, 1925.Add to your cart.
Item 38: Note of Cumulative Ionization in Stellar Atmospheres, KTC., 1925.Add to your cart.
Item 39: Absorption and Emission Spectra of the Geissler Discharge in Mercury Vapor and in Mixtures of Mercury and Hydrogen, Louis A. Turner and KTC., 1925.Add to your cart.
Item 40: The Nature of the Iodine Line 206A, Louis A. Turner and Ktc., 1925.Add to your cart.
Item 41: Note on Production of Atomic Nitrogen and Its Arc Spectrum, KTC., 1925.Add to your cart.
Item 42: Probability of Ionization of Gas Molecules by Electron Impacts, KTC and C.C. Van Voorhis, 1925.Add to your cart.
Item 43: The Nature of the Ultimate Magnetic Particle, KTC and E.A. Trousdale.Add to your cart.
Folder 10: Karl T. Compton (AHC Desk File)Add to your cart.
Item 1: Remarks on election of Dr. Killian to presidency of MIT- 9/30/48.Add to your cart.
Item 2: Three Illustrious Brothers, Mason City Globe Democrat (Mason City, Iowa), 6/30/54.Add to your cart.
Item 3: Obituary for KTC - "Services Held for Compton, Ashes Spread," Boston Traveler, 6/25/54.Add to your cart.
Item 4: Letter of sympathy to AHC from Alexander Langsdorf on passing of KTC.  October 14.Add to your cart.
Item 5: Tribute to Karl Compton, L.A. Du Bridge, The New York Times, 7/4/54.Add to your cart.
Item 6: Karl Taylor Compton 1887-1954, A Memorial Service for the Ninth President of MIT, 6/25/54.Add to your cart.
Item 7: Karl Taylor Compton 1887-1954: Resolutions of the Corporation, President's Report, 1954, MIT.Add to your cart.
Item 8: Karl Taylor Compton 1887-1954, George R. Harrison, Physics Today, September 1954.Add to your cart.
Folder 11: Karl T. Compton National Security Training Commission, Senate HearingAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Statement of Dr. Karl T. Compton, Commissioner, Before the Senate Committee on Armed Services Hearing on Proposed National Security Training Corps Act.Add to your cart.
Item 2: The Price of Liberty, official condensation of the first report to the Congress by the National Security Training Commission, Dec. 1951.  KTC on the Commission.Add to your cart.
Folder 12: Karl Compton, MiscellaneousAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Academic Freedom and Academic Responsibility, address to Chicago Technology Club, 3/2/39.Add to your cart.
Item 2: Religion versus Science Discust, Reed College, 10/30/14 - re talk by KTC.Add to your cart.
Item 3: In the Matter of J. Robert Oppenheimer - Transcript of hearing before U.S. Atomic Energy Commission Personal Security Board, Washington, D.C., 4/12/54 through 5/6/54.  KTC testified.Add to your cart.
Folder 13: Compton, Mary, (Mrs. C.H.Rice)Add to your cart.
Item 1: Mary Compton Tice, '11, Lucy Lilian Notestein, Wooster Alumni Bulletin, July 1961.Add to your cart.
Item 2: At the Heart of India, Mary Compton Rice and C. Herbert Rice, Women and Missions, October 1930.Add to your cart.
Item 3: Answering Anew the Call to Life's Stewardship, Mrs. C.H. Rice address, June 1938.Add to your cart.
Folder 14: Compton, OteliaAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Obituaries, dedication of Otelia Compton Hall at College of Wooster.Add to your cart.
Folder 15: Compton, Otelia (AHC Desk File)Add to your cart.
Item 1: Education in School and Home, Mrs. Elias Compton.Add to your cart.
Item 2: Letters of sympathy to AHC on his mother's death.Add to your cart.
Item 3: Letter from Otelia Compton to Mrs. Truesdale, 6/24/39, re inscription in wedding ring.Add to your cart.
Item 4: Presentation of Mrs. Otelia Augspurger Compton for the Honorary Degree of Doctor of Laws, address by Alice Hill Byrne, Western College, Oxford, Ohio, October 11, 1932.Add to your cart.
Folder 16: Mrs. Elias Compton, Mother of the Year - 1939Add to your cart.
Item 1: Newsclippings.Add to your cart.
Folder 17: Compton, Wilson M.Add to your cart.
Item 1: Obituaries: The Washington Post, Washington, D.C., 3/8/67; The Evening Star, Washington D.C., 3/7/67.Add to your cart.
Item 2: Fifty Years from Now, WMC., address, Northeastern University, Boston, 10/24/56.Add to your cart.
Item 3: To University and College Trustees, Alumni, and Business Executives, WMC., Information Bulletin Council for Financial Aid to Education, Inc., July 1956.Add to your cart.
Item 4: The House on College Avenue, WMC., address at dedication of Otelia Compton Hall, Wooster College, 10/22/55.Add to your cart.
Item 5: Progress in the War of Ideas, WMC., address, 12/23/52.Add to your cart.
Item 6: Statement by WMC before Senate Special Committee on Overseas Information and Educational Exchange Program of the U.S., 3/13/53.Add to your cart.
Item 7: The Challenge of New Frontiers, WMC., 2/25/53.Add to your cart.
Item 8: Memorandum re resignation as Administrator of Department of State U.S.  International Information Administration. WMC to S. the Secretary, 2/24/53.Add to your cart.
Item 9: Hold at High, WMC., address, Bethany College, Bethany, N.Y., 10/23/53.Add to your cart.
Item 10: Confidential, from a "Report on International Information Administration - 1952," to the Secretary of State from the Administrator of IIA, 12/31/52.Add to your cart.
Item 11: Waging the Campaign of Truth, WMC., Department of State Field Reports, Vol. 1, #1, July-August 1952.Add to your cart.
Item 12: Washington State Alumni Pow-wow, Vol. 35, #4 and 5, Dec. 1945 - Jan. 1946.Add to your cart.
Item 13: Inauguration of WMC as President.Add to your cart.
Item 14: W.C. biography of WMC by staff of National Lumber Manufacturer Association, The Timber Engineering Company, and American Forest Products Industries, Inc., December 1944.Add to your cart.
Item 15: Letter WMC to George T. Gerlinger, President, National Lumber Manufacturers Association, 10/8/44 re WMC's resignation.Add to your cart.
Folder 18: Compton, Wilson M., Jr.Add to your cart.
Item 1: Address of Dr. Howard Lowry, President of the College of Wooster at a Memorial Service for Wilson M. Compton, Jr., 7/16/64.Add to your cart.
Folder 19: Compton FamilyAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Comptonology, Vol.2, #11, August 1943.Add to your cart.
Item 2: The Ohio Story, radio broadcast script, The Ohio Bell Telephone Company, WTAM, Cleveland, 6/6/47.  No. 66 - "The House on College Avenue."Add to your cart.
Item 3: The Compton Boys, Park College Record, October 1954.Add to your cart.
Folder 20: Compton Family NewsclippingsAdd to your cart.
Folder 21: Poems, Stories, etc.Add to your cart.
Folder 22: Compton, Karl TaylorAdd to your cart.
Folder 23: Compton, Karl Taylor - President of MITAdd to your cart.
Folder 24: Compton, W.Add to your cart.
Folder 25: Compton, Dr. H. WilsonAdd to your cart.
Folder 26: Arthur Holly Compton Biographical DataAdd to your cart.
Folder 27: Signatures - Arthur Holly ComptonAdd to your cart.
Folder 28: Compton FamilyAdd to your cart.
Item 1: picture of Karl and Wilson and Arthur Holly togetherAdd to your cart.
Folder 29: Family Life of Arthur Holly ComptonAdd to your cart.
Folder 30: Biographical Sketch of Arthur Holly Compton, Look Magazine, August 28, 1952Add to your cart.
Folder 31: French Recognition for Mrs. Arthur Holly ComptonAdd to your cart.
Folder 32: Biographical Material, Arthur Holly ComptonAdd to your cart.
Folder 33: Compton, Mrs. Arthur HollyAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 2: Mrs. Betty Compton's correspondence filesAdd to your cart.
Box 2Add to your cart.
Folder 1: AAdd to your cart.
Item 1: The First Pile by Corbin Allardice and Edward R. Trapnell, 1949.Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Alumni - Letters fromAdd to your cart.
Folder 3: Alumni ReunionsAdd to your cart.
Folder 4: Alumni-TravelAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Itinerary of Mr. and Mrs. AHC's trip to Washington and the Southwest, Jan. 15-Feb. 3, 1953.Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Alumni-Travel - Eugene, Oregon, 1952Add to your cart.
Item 1: Correspondence between AHC and H.K. Newburn, President, University of Oregon re invitation to speak.Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Alumni, Travel - Los Angeles, 1952Add to your cart.
Item 1: West Coast Schedule, 2/2/52-2/24/52.Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Alumni-Travel - San Diego, 1952Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Alumni Travel, San Francisco, 1952Add to your cart.
Folder 9: Alumni-Travel - Seattle, 1952Add to your cart.
Folder 10: Alumni-Travel, Portland, 1952Add to your cart.
Folder 11: BAdd to your cart.
Folder 12: Brookhill FarmAdd to your cart.
(copy)
Item 1: Correspondence with Mr. and Mrs. Clopton re gift of Brookhill Farm, Missouri to Washington University; Deed of GiftAdd to your cart.
Item 2: MapsAdd to your cart.
Folder 13: Budget Fund AnalysisAdd to your cart.
Item 1: YMCA, Chicago, 1/1-12/1/44Add to your cart.
Folder 14: CAdd to your cart.
Item 1: C.C. letter, 7/22/46, AHC to H.B. Wallace re cost of operation of Chancellor's houseAdd to your cart.
Item 2: C.C. letter 1/7/45, T.E. Blackwell from AHC re federal income tax regulations.Add to your cart.
Folder 15: CancerAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Letter 9/10/48, Isidor Loeb to AHC re gift of David P. Wohl to Cancer Center in St. LouisAdd to your cart.
Item 2: The Chicago Tumor Institute, AHC on Board of TrusteesAdd to your cart.
Folder 16: CentennialAdd to your cart.
Item 1: ProgramsAdd to your cart.
Item 2: Minutes of meetings of the Faculty Centennial Committee, 2/14/52 and 2/26/52Add to your cart.
Item 3: Correspondence and invitationsAdd to your cart.
Folder 17: Chancellor's CouncilAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Report on Student Opinion Concerning Negro Admission at Washington University,  5/5/51.Add to your cart.
Folder 18: Christmas Sketches and CardsAdd to your cart.
Folder 19: Church - Second PresbyterianAdd to your cart.
Item 1: By-Laws of Second Presbyterian Church, U.S.A. in St. Louis, 1948Add to your cart.
Item 2: Minutes of corporation, 6/23/48Add to your cart.
Item 3: Minutes, special joint meeting of trustees and corporation, 3/30/53Add to your cart.
Folder 20: CommunismAdd to your cart.
[wanting as of 12/30/05]
Item 1: Letter 10/24/50, Arthur Benade to AHC re Compton's "Communist Probe" and admission  of negroes to W.U.Add to your cart.
Item 2: Copy of affidavit sent to Attorney General disclaiming any affiliation with Communist Front organizations by AHCAdd to your cart.
Item 3: Copy of letter 2/19/53, AHC to The Houston Chronicle re AHC's reply to the accusation against him by Mrs. Maria FordAdd to your cart.
Item 4: An Analysis of Dr. Compton's Communist Probe, The Communist Club of Washington University, 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 21: DAdd to your cart.
Folder 22: DecorationAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Correspondence and notes re furnishings in various W.U. buildings.Add to your cart.
Folder 23: EAdd to your cart.
Folder 24: EntertainmentAdd to your cart.
Folder 25: FAdd to your cart.
Folder 26: Foreign StudentsAdd to your cart.
Folder 27: GAdd to your cart.
Folder 28: HAdd to your cart.
Folder 29: IAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Notes from meeting of Committee on International Student Exchange, May 10, 1950Add to your cart.
Item 2: Correspondence, 1950, AHC and Mrs. Henry Ittleson re Ittleson's Memorial Clinic at W.U. School of MedicineAdd to your cart.
Folder 30: J-KAdd to your cart.
Folder 31: LAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Correspondence from Howard Lowry, President of Wooster College.Add to your cart.
Folder 32: MAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Copy of agreement between Julius Madaras et al.Add to your cart.
Folder 33: MexicoAdd to your cart.
Folder 34: MylonasAdd to your cart.
Folder 35: NAdd to your cart.
Item 1: A Mission to Asia Led by Arthur H. Compton, Everett R. Clinchy, 3/21/53.Add to your cart.
Folder 36: NCCJAdd to your cart.
Folder 37: OAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Letter draft to Bishop G. Bromley Oxnam, President, Federal Council of Churches, from AHC re atom bomb.Add to your cart.
Folder 38: Oak Ridge AddressesAdd to your cart.
Folder 39: Ohio StoryAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Radio manuscript from the "Ohio Story," No. 66 - "The House on College Avenue."Add to your cart.
Box 3Add to your cart.
Folder 1: P-ZAdd to your cart.
Folder 2: P-Q-RAdd to your cart.
Folder 3: Ray, RathindraAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Correspondence re the health of a student from IndiaAdd to your cart.
Folder 4: RehabilitationAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Proposal for rehabilitation center at W.U. Medical SchoolAdd to your cart.
Folder 5: SAdd to your cart.
Folder 6: TAdd to your cart.
Folder 7: Travel: Schedules, correspondence, etc.Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Travel: New DehliAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Itinerary, correspondence re India trip, 1949.Add to your cart.
Folder 9: Travel:  IndiaAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Papers, programs, etc.Add to your cart.
Folder 10: Travel: Asia TripAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Correspondence, etc. re trip to Asia, 1953Add to your cart.
Folder 11: Travel: Chief AdeboAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Correspondence and itineraries of Chief and Mrs. Adebo of Nigeria in the U.S., 1963Add to your cart.
Folder 12: Travel: MiscellaneousAdd to your cart.
Folder 13: UNESCOAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Programs, reports, publications.Add to your cart.
Folder 14: U-VAdd to your cart.
Folder 15: Washington University: PlansAdd to your cart.
Folder 16: Washington University: Race RelationsAdd to your cart.
Folder 17: Washington University: Student CenterAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Plans, blueprints, correspondence re Student Center in Liggett Hall, 1947-48Add to your cart.
Folder 18: Washington University: MiscellaneousAdd to your cart.
[wanting as of 12/30/05]
Folder 19: Midwest Conference of Theoretical PhysicsAdd to your cart.
Folder 20: WoosterAdd to your cart.
Folder 21: W-X-Y-ZAdd to your cart.
Folder 22: YWCAAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Correspondence re YWCA University of ChicagoAdd to your cart.
Folder 23: InvitationsAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Printed invitations to weddings, coming-out parties and other social affairs.Add to your cart.
Folder 24: Miscellaneous CorrespondenceAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Letter, 3/29/25, Elsie H. Langsdorf to BMC re child study at Washington UniversityAdd to your cart.
Item 2: Copy of letter, 11/3/42, James C. Manry to AHC re cablegram from Dr. Rice re Allied victory and independence of IndiaAdd to your cart.
Folder 25: Mayor's Committee for Bicentennial, 1963Add to your cart.
Item 1: Correspondence.Add to your cart.
Folder 26: 211-page Xerox copy of interview conducted by Charles Weiner, AIP and Mrs. Betty Compton.  Princeton, N.J., April 11-15, 1968Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 3: John Compton MaterialAdd to your cart.
Box 4Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Asheville SchoolAdd to your cart.
Folder 2: AstronomyAdd to your cart.
(2 folders)
Folder 3: Advanced CalculusAdd to your cart.
Folder 4: Big FourAdd to your cart.
Folder 5: ChambonAdd to your cart.
Folder 6: Chemistry 101Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Chemistry 207 - Qual.Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Class of '49 (Senate and Cheers)Add to your cart.
Folder 9: College of Wooster, Peace ActivitiesAdd to your cart.
Folder 10: Correspondence to John ComptonAdd to your cart.
(3 folders)
Folder 11: Debate F.W.G.Add to your cart.
Folder 12: Differential CalculusAdd to your cart.
Folder 13: DragonianAdd to your cart.
Folder 14: FranceAdd to your cart.
Folder 15: German 101Add to your cart.
Folder 16: German 201 and 202Add to your cart.
Folder 17: Honors "Analysis" (rough draft of paper)Add to your cart.
Folder 18: Honors Preliminary Work and ProofsAdd to your cart.
Folder 19: Integral CalculusAdd to your cart.
Folder 20: McDonnell AircraftAdd to your cart.
Folder 21: Notes and ComputationsAdd to your cart.
Box 4AAdd to your cart.
Folder 1: NSAAdd to your cart.
Folder 2: Physics 101Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Solid AnalyticsAdd to your cart.
Folder 4: Spanish 101 and 102Add to your cart.
Folder 5: UNESCO, ChicagoAdd to your cart.
Folder 6: UNESCO, MexicoAdd to your cart.
Folder 7: World GovernmentAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 4: Material collected by Mrs. Betty ComptonAdd to your cart.
Box 5Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Papers, WU Libraries, correspondence with Mrs. Compton, 1962-1971Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Death, Tributes, Publications, etc., 1962-3, 1969Add to your cart.
Folder 3: The Cosmos of Arthur Holly Compton, correspondence with Knopf, letters from friends, book reviews, 1963-68Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Inventories of Collection, Lists of PapersAdd to your cart.
Folder 5: Memorial Lectures, 1964-71Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Newsclippings: Obituaries, Memorial Lectures, Physics Lab, 1962-65Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Betty Compton (McCloskey): High School Yearbook, Misc. Correspondence (Personal)Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Personal Notes, also: Differential Triple Valve Designs (photoduplicates)Add to your cart.
Folder 9: Misc. Articles, Reprints, Poems by Others, 1947-71Add to your cart.
Folder 10: Lab Dedication, 1966Add to your cart.
Folder 11: Conference on Science and Human Responsibility, 1954-56Add to your cart.
(folder 1 of 2 - includes program, transcripts, private discussions, daily abstracts, papers)
Folder 12: Conference on Science and Human Responsibility, 1954-56Add to your cart.
(folder 2 of 2 - includes general statement, press authorization, Compton Series statements, bibliography)
Folder 13: Conference on Science and Human Responsibility Newsclippings, 1954Add to your cart.
Folder 14: Scientific Conversions Programs, Science Newsletters, Atomic Pile and Weighing of Plutonium AnniversariesAdd to your cart.
Folder 15: Communism, 1953 (includes memo to H.B.W. re. M.K.(?), letter to Attorney General, Houston Chronicle, Student LifeAdd to your cart.
Folder 16: Otsego Lake Conference, 1957Add to your cart.
Folder 17: Misc. Correspondence and Bills, 1940-57 and undatedAdd to your cart.
(includes two rough drafts to General Groves)
Folder 18: News Releases, Book Review, Biographical Material, Misc.Add to your cart.
Folder 19: Misc.: Script "The Invincible", Programs, Robert Metzdorf ResumAdd to your cart.
Folder 20: Misc. University Activities: WU, College of Wooster, etc.Add to your cart.
Folder 21: Memorials: Misc. Friends, 1945-77Add to your cart.
Folder 22: Misc. Photographs, Silhouettes (of Betty Compton?)Add to your cart.
Folder 23: Misc. Honors, Awards, Award Dinners (including National Conference of Christians and Jews)Add to your cart.
Folder 24: Family Materials: Mrs. Elias Compton, sons, Karl T. (newsclippings)Add to your cart.
Folder 25: Newsclippings: Misc., 1948-67Add to your cart.
Folder 26: Newsclippings: Misc., 1957, mostly International Politics, Atomic Capability, especially Adla. Stevenson and NATO roleAdd to your cart.
Folder 27: Newsclippings: WU related, especially term as Chancellor, also St. Louis related, work with KETC, 1948-57Add to your cart.
Folder 28: Newclippings: Interviews, Profiles, Honors, Addresses, 1954-60Add to your cart.
Box 6Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Betty Compton CorrespondenceAdd to your cart.
(2 folders)
Folder 2: Christmas CardsAdd to your cart.

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Early Papers of Arthur H. Compton, 1905-1918],
[Series 2: Academic and Career Data, 1919-1962],
[Series 3: Personal Correspondence, 1925-1962],
[Series 4: Chronological Aids and Biographical Data],
[Series 5: Minutes of Organizations of which Arthur H. Compton was a Board Member of Trustee, 1949-1962],
[Series 6: Lectures and Publications of Arthur H. Compton],
[Series 7: Personal Library],
[Series 8: Biographical Information on Members of the Compton Family],
[Series 9: Non-written Records],
[All]


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