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Raymond R. Tucker Personal Papers (WUA00196)

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Raymond R. Tucker Personal Papers (WUA00196), 1965-1970 | WUA University Archives

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Collection Overview

Title: Raymond R. Tucker Personal Papers (WUA00196), 1965-1970Add to your cart.

ID: WUA/06/wua00196

Primary Creator: Tucker, Raymond R. (1896-1970)

Extent: 2.0 Linear Feet

Languages: English

Scope and Contents of the Materials

These personal papers of Raymond Tucker pertain to his teaching, professional, and administrative activities from 1965 to 1970, including correspondence, material on conferences and committees, and speeches.  The material is arranged alphabetically by subject.

For papers from Tucker’s time as St. Louis mayor, please see the Raymond Tucker Papers (Mayor of St. Louis, MO. 1953 – 1965.)

Collection Historical Note

Raymond R. Tucker was born in St. Louis on December 4, 1906. He was raised and resided for most of his life in the Carondelet area of south St. Louis, within a half mile of where he was born. His family has been in that part of the city for over a century.

Tucker received his education in the public grammar schools, St. Louis University High School, and St. Louis University. After earning his A.B. degree in 1917, he received the B.S. degree from the department of mechanical engineering at Washington University in 1920. In addition, he took graduate courses at Columbia University, New York. He is a member of Sigma Xi, a national honorary engineering fraternity; Tau Beta Pi, undergraduate engineering fraternity; Kappa Alpha; the American Society of Mechanical Engineers; a member of the University Club of St. Louis; and other clubs and honorary orders.

In choosing the field of mechanical engineering and later a career centered on smoke abatement, Tucker followed in the footsteps of his father, to whom he was very close. The elder Tucker was an engineer and in 1904 had participated in an unsuccessful program for the elimination of smoke in St. Louis.

In 1928 Raymond Tucker married Edythe F. Lieber, also a St. Louis resident. The Tuckers have a daughter and son, both of whom have studied at Washington University.

From 1927 through 1934 Tucker was a member of the faculty of Washington University, as an associate professor of mechanical engineering. During this period he also maintained a chemical laboratory serving local foundries. This laboratory was sold in the early 1930's.

In 1934 Democratic Mayor Bernard F. Dickmann of St. Louis asked Tucker to become his secretary. As such he represented the mayor on various committees, among them the committee on the Soldiers Memorial, a committee of businessmen to make a survey of civic groups and the United Relief Committee. Tucker was chairman of the Mayor's Budget Committee. During this period he was especially active in promoting the adoption of an anti-smoke ordinance. Tucker also served as Director of Public Safety of St. Louis and as a member of the Board of Public Service. He resigned with the change in administration in 1941, but was called back by the new mayor, William Becker, a Republican, for a short period to deal with temporary increase in smoke in the city.

In September 1942 he returned to Washington University as head of the Department of Mechanical Engineering. During his period as Smoke Commissioner of St. Louis he had established a national reputation as a leader in the anti-pollution field and in power plant design, traveling widely in the United States as a lecturer and consultant.

During World War II, while at Washington University, Tucker served as a civilian coordinator in the training of soldiers on the campus. In addition he was Assistant to the Regional Adviser of Engineering-Science-Management, a war training department covering several states; a member of the State Training Council of the War Manpower Commission; and a member of the Aviation Committee on Post-War Developments of the St. Louis Chamber of Commerce. He was also a member of the Model Smoke Law committee of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers.

In the administration of Mayor Joseph M. Darst of St. Louis (1949-1953) Tucker served on the Mayor's Air Pollution Committee, was chairman of the 1949 Charter Board of Freeholders and Director of Civil Defense.

In 1953 Professor Tucker was elected Mayor of St. Louis, having defeated Mark D. Eagleton for the Democratic nomination in the primary election. He was subsequently elected twice. In 1965 he was defeated in the Democratic primary in his bid for a fourth term.

During his three terms as Mayor of St. Louis Raymond Tucker established a reputation for meeting the major problems of the city head-on. In his first term the earnings tax and several bond issues were passed, stabilizing the city's finances and getting a number of public improvements underway. In 1954 he supported the adoption of a Metropolitan Sewer District. Among other reforms in which he was instrumental were a revision of the city Charter to raise the city salary limit and a revised building code for St. Louis. During his period in office Tucker provided leadership in the initiation or progress of various urban renewal programs. Throughout his tenure in office Tucker relied on the support and abilities of prominent businessmen and other civic leaders through citizens' committees and organizations like Civic Progress, Incorporated for the success of many progressive measures.

In 1965, Tucker became Professor of Urban Affairs at Washington University and served in this capacity until his death on November 23, 1970.

Administrative Information

Repository: WUA University Archives

Accruals: There are no accruals.

Access Restrictions: Open

Use Restrictions:

Users of the collection must read and agree to abide by the rules and procedures set forth in the Materials Use Policies.

Providing access to materials does not constitute permission to publish or otherwise authorize use. All publication not covered by fair use or other exceptions is restricted to those who have permission of the copyright holder, which may or may not be Washington University.

If you wish to publish or license Special Collections materials, please contact Special Collections to inquire about copyright status at (314) 935-5495 or spec@wumail.wustl.edu. (Publish means quotation in whole or in part in seminar or term papers, theses or dissertations, journal articles, monographs, books, digital forms, photographs, images, dramatic presentations, transcriptions, or any other form prepared for a limited or general public.)

Acquisition Method: This material was donated to the University Archives.

Preferred Citation: [Item description]. From the [collection title, series, box, folder]. University Archives, Washington University in St. Louis.

Processing Information: Processed by Bradley Proctor in August 2002.  Updated by Sarah Pabarcus in January 2006.

Finding Aid Revision History: This finding aid was entered into Archon by Hannah Barg in August 2012.


Box and Folder Listing


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[Box 2],
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Box 1Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Advisory Committee on High Speed Ground TransportationAdd to your cart.
Folder 2: Advisory Committee on Intergovernmental RelationsAdd to your cart.
Folder 3: AwardsAdd to your cart.
Folder 4: Civic Progress, Inc.Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Committee on State RelationsAdd to your cart.
Folder 6: Conference on the Danforth Associates (Mills College)Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Correspondence (Civic Club-related)Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Correspondence (Jefferson National Expansion Memorial-related)Add to your cart.
Folder 9: Correspondence (Political-derived)Add to your cart.
Folder 10: Correspondence (Tucker Memorial Dinner)Add to your cart.
Folder 11: Correspondence (Publication-related)Add to your cart.
Folder 12: Correspondence (University and College-related)Add to your cart.
Folder 13: Correspondence (Washington University-related)Add to your cart.
Folder 14: Department of Urban AffairsAdd to your cart.
Folder 15: Environmental Health Task Force (Correspondence, Notes, Misc.)Add to your cart.
Folder 16: Environmental Health Task Force (Interviews)Add to your cart.
Folder 17: Environmental Health Task Force (Reports, Speeches [x3])Add to your cart.
Folder 18: Ford FoundationAdd to your cart.
Folder 19: Ford Foundation (Report in 1967 Mayoral Conference)Add to your cart.
Folder 20: The Freemont Competition (California, 1966)Add to your cart.
Folder 21: Governor's Advisory Council on Local Government LawAdd to your cart.
Folder 22: Historic Preservation (x2 folders)Add to your cart.

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