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City of St. Louis, Office of the Mayor: Raymond R. Tucker Records


Scope and Contents

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

First Administration Office Files

Second Administration Office Files

Third Administration Office Files

Darst Administration Office Files

Civic Progress Incorporated

Campaigns and Bond Issues

Board Bills


Mayor's Office Accounts

Appointment Books

Invitations and Proclamations


City Journal

Miscellaneous Publications

Additional Acquisitions

Contact us about this collection

City of St. Louis, Office of the Mayor: Raymond R. Tucker Records, 1953-1965 | WUA University Archives

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Collection Overview

Title: City of St. Louis, Office of the Mayor: Raymond R. Tucker Records, 1953-1965Add to your cart.

ID: WUA/06/wua00366

Primary Creator: Tucker, Raymond R. (1896-1970)

Other Creators: Office of the Mayor - City of St. Louis, Missouri

Extent: 140.0 Cubic Feet


This collection is arranged into fourteen series representing substantially the form in which the files were accessioned into the archives.

Series 1 - First Administration Office Files

Series 2 - Second Administration Office Files

Series 3 - Third Administration Office Files

Series 4 - Darst Administration Office Files

Series 5 - Civic Progress Incorporated

Series 6 - Campaigns and Bond Issues

Series 7 - Board Bills

Series 8 - Speeches

Series 9 - Mayor's Office Accounts

Series 10 - Appointment Books

Series 11 - Invitations and Proclamations

Series 12 - Scrapbooks

Series 13 - City Journal

Series 14 - Miscellaneous Publications

Languages: English

Scope and Contents of the Materials

This collection documents Raymond R. Tucker's three terms as Mayor of St. Louis, from 1953-1965, and includes office files, speeches, appointment books, scrapbooks, and other materials related to Tucker's mayoralty and the City of St. Louis during this time period.

Collection Historical Note

Raymond Roche Tucker was born in St. Louis on December 4, 1896. He was raised and resided for most of his life in the Carondelet area of south St. Louis, within a half mile of where he was born. His family has been in that part of the city for over a century.

Tucker received his education in the public grammar schools, St. Louis University High School, and St. Louis University. After earning his A.B. degree in 1917, he received the B.S. degree from the department of mechanical engineering at Washington University in 1920. In addition, he took graduate courses at Columbia University, New York. He is a member of Sigma Xi, a national honorary engineering fraternity; Tau Beta Pi, undergraduate engineering fraternity; Kappa Alpha; the American Society of Mechanical Engineers; a member of the University Club of St. Louis; and other clubs and honorary orders.

In choosing the field of mechanical engineering and later a career centered on smoke abatement, Tucker followed in the footsteps of his father, to whom he was very close. The elder Tucker was an engineer and in 1904 had participated in an unsuccessful program for the elimination of smoke in St. Louis.

In 1928 Raymond Tucker married Edythe F. Lieber, also a St. Louis resident. The Tuckers have a daughter and son, both of whom have studied at Washington University.

From 1927 through 1934 Tucker was a member of the faculty of Washington University, as an associate professor of mechanical engineering. During this period he also maintained a chemical laboratory serving local foundries. This laboratory was sold in the early 1930's.

In 1934 Democratic Mayor Bernard F. Dickmann of St. Louis asked Tucker to become his secretary. As such he represented the mayor on various committees, among them the committee on the Soldiers Memorial, a committee of businessmen to make a survey of civic groups and the United Relief Committee. Tucker was chairman of the Mayor's Budget Committee. During this period he was especially active in promoting the adoption of an anti-smoke ordinance. Tucker also served as Director of Public Safety of St. Louis and as a member of the Board of Public Service. He resigned with the change in administration in 1941, but was called back by the new mayor, William Becker, a Republican, for a short period to deal with temporary increase in smoke in the city.

In September 1942 he returned to Washington University as head of the Department of Mechanical Engineering. During his period as Smoke Commissioner of St. Louis he had established a national reputation as a leader in the anti-pollution field and in power plant design, travelling widely in the United States as a lecturer and consultant.

During World War II, while at Washington University, Tucker served as a civilian coordinator in the training of soldiers on the campus. In addition he was Assistant to the Regional Adviser of Engineering-Science-Management, a war training department covering several states; a member of the State Training Council of the War Manpower Commission; and a member of the Aviation Committee on Post-War Developments of the St. Louis Chamber of Commerce. He was also a member of the Model Smoke Law committee of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers.

In the administration of Mayor Joseph M. Darst of St. Louis (1949-1953) Tucker served on the Mayor's Air Pollution Committee, was chairman of the 1949 Charter Board of Freeholders and Director of Civil Defense.

In 1953 Professor Tucker was elected Mayor of St. Louis, having defeated Mark D. Eagleton for the Democratic nomination in the primary election. He was subsequently elected twice. In 1965 he was defeated in the Democratic primary in his bid for a fourth term.

During his three terms as Mayor of St. Louis Raymond Tucker established a reputation for meting the major problems of the city head-on. In his first term the earnings tax and several bond issues were passed, stabilizing the city's finances and getting a number of public improvements underway. In 1954 he supported the adoption of a Metropolitan Sewer District. Among other reforms in which he was instrumental were a revision of the city Charter to raise the city salary limit and a revised building code for St. Louis. During his period in office Tucker provided leadership in the initiation or progress of various urban renewal programs. Throughout his tenure in office Tucker relied on the support and abilities of prominent businessmen and other civic leaders through citizens' committees and organizations like Civic Progress, Incorporated for the success of many progressive measures.

Tucker died in St. Louis on November 23, 1970.

Administrative Information

Repository: WUA University Archives

Access Restrictions: There are some restrictions in this collection. Please contact the University Archivist for more details, (314) 935-5495.

Use Restrictions:

Users of the collection must read and agree to abide by the rules and procedures set forth in the Materials Use Policies.

Providing access to materials does not constitute permission to publish or otherwise authorize use. All publication not covered by fair use or other exceptions is restricted to those who have permission of the copyright holder, which may or may not be Washington University.

If you wish to publish or license Special Collections materials, please contact Special Collections to inquire about copyright status at (314) 935-5495 or spec@wumail.wustl.edu. (Publish means quotation in whole or in part in seminar or term papers, theses or dissertations, journal articles, monographs, books, digital forms, photographs, images, dramatic presentations, transcriptions, or any other form prepared for a limited or general public.)

Preferred Citation: [Item description]. From the [collection title, series, box, folder]. University Archives, Washington University in St. Louis.

Processing Information: Processed by University Archives staff.

Finding Aid Revision History: This finding aid was entered into Archon by Meg Tuomala in November 2012.

Box and Folder Listing

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: First Administration Office Files],
[Series 2: Second Administration Office Files],
[Series 3: Third Administration Office Files],
[Series 4: Darst Administration Office Files],
[Series 5: Civic Progress Incorporated],
[Series 6: Campaigns and Bond Issues],
[Series 7: Board Bills],
[Series 8: Speeches],
[Series 9: Mayor's Office Accounts],
[Series 10: Appointment Books],
[Series 11: Invitations and Proclamations],
[Series 12: Scrapbooks],
[Series 13: City Journal],
[Series 14: Miscellaneous Publications],
[Series 15: Additional Acquisitions],

Series 4: Darst Administration Office FilesAdd to your cart.
Files from the administration of Mayor Darst, 1949-1952, mainly concerned with the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial. Other files from the Darst administration have been incorporated in the first administration office files, Boxes 23 and 24 (1 cu. ft.)
Box 1Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Maps and Diagrams - Jefferson National Expansion Memorial - June 1949Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Jefferson National Expansion Memorial Assn "Tunnel"Add to your cart.
Correspondence, memoranda, agreements, press releases, etc. re the relocation of the riverfront elevated railway on the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial.
Folder 3: Jefferson National Expansion Memorial - File #1Add to your cart.
Miscellaneous correspondence re the Memorial including: correspondence between the Mayor and the Secretary of the Interior; a chronology of federal, state and local laws re the JNEM.
Folder 4: Jefferson National Expansion Memorial Assn. - File #2 - Sept 1949 to April 1951Add to your cart.
Correspondence, memoranda, etc. on several subject, including federal legislation authorizing completion of the JNEM and a proposed World Affairs Center as a part of the JNEM
Folder 5: Jefferson National Expansion Memorial Assn. - File #3Add to your cart.
Correspondence re completion of the JNEM, "The Festival of Progress", etc.
Folder 6: Bi-State AgencyAdd to your cart.
Correspondence, drafts of legislation, reprints re the scope and powers of the Bi-State Agency, formerly the Metropolitan St. Louis Plan Association; "Guide Plan Missouri-Illinois Metropolitan Area Development", March 1948.
Folder 7: Jefferson National Expansion Memorial - Miscellaneous LettersAdd to your cart.
Folder 8: Memorandum of Understanding JNEMAAdd to your cart.
Re relocation of the riverfront elevated railroad, and related correspondence
Folder 9: Jefferson National Expansion Memorial Association Riverfront Dedication- Baseball Diamonds - May 10, 1952Add to your cart.
Folder 10: Jefferson National Expansion Memorial Association (Committee Meetings)Add to your cart.
Minutes of Executive Committee meetings, 1949-1950; reports; notices; membership lists
Folder 11: Jefferson Expansion Street PlanAdd to your cart.
Correspondence attached to copy of "A Plan for the Central River Front, St. Louis", 1928, by the City Plan Commission
Folder 12: Festival of Progress - 150th Anniversary of the Louisiana PurchaseAdd to your cart.
Correspondence, committee membership lists and minutes of meetings, motion picture and celebration proposals, all re preparation for the festival. See also: Series 15: Additional Acquisitions, Box 2. Memo - Jefferson National Expansion Memorial, Re the general background and status; chronological outline of development of the Memorial, 6/4/57.; Interpretive Prospectus - Jefferson National Expansion Memorial, Historical perspective and planning for the Memorial, Howard W. Baker, 1960.; The Jefferson Memorial - A Compromise of Facts, City of St. Louis, Missouri - July 15 ,1949; Mansion House Redevelopment Project, Architect's proposal by Russell, Mullgardt, Schwarz and Van Hoefen, n.d.; Festival of Progress - 150th Anniversary of Louisiana Purchase, Correspondence, proposals, programs, lists of committee members of the Festival
Folder 13: Citizens' Finance CommitteeAdd to your cart.
Correspondence, membership lists, minutes of meetings and the final report, 1/6/53, of the Citizens' Committee to study city finances.

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: First Administration Office Files],
[Series 2: Second Administration Office Files],
[Series 3: Third Administration Office Files],
[Series 4: Darst Administration Office Files],
[Series 5: Civic Progress Incorporated],
[Series 6: Campaigns and Bond Issues],
[Series 7: Board Bills],
[Series 8: Speeches],
[Series 9: Mayor's Office Accounts],
[Series 10: Appointment Books],
[Series 11: Invitations and Proclamations],
[Series 12: Scrapbooks],
[Series 13: City Journal],
[Series 14: Miscellaneous Publications],
[Series 15: Additional Acquisitions],

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