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City of St. Louis, Office of the Mayor: Raymond R. Tucker Records


Scope and Contents

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

First Administration Office Files

Second Administration Office Files

Third Administration Office Files

Darst Administration Office Files

Civic Progress Incorporated

Campaigns and Bond Issues

Board Bills


Mayor's Office Accounts

Appointment Books

Invitations and Proclamations


City Journal

Miscellaneous Publications

Additional Acquisitions

Contact us about this collection

City of St. Louis, Office of the Mayor: Raymond R. Tucker Records, 1953-1965 | WUA University Archives

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Collection Overview

Title: City of St. Louis, Office of the Mayor: Raymond R. Tucker Records, 1953-1965Add to your cart.

ID: WUA/06/wua00366

Primary Creator: Tucker, Raymond R. (1896-1970)

Other Creators: Office of the Mayor - City of St. Louis, Missouri

Extent: 140.0 Cubic Feet


This collection is arranged into fourteen series representing substantially the form in which the files were accessioned into the archives.

Series 1 - First Administration Office Files

Series 2 - Second Administration Office Files

Series 3 - Third Administration Office Files

Series 4 - Darst Administration Office Files

Series 5 - Civic Progress Incorporated

Series 6 - Campaigns and Bond Issues

Series 7 - Board Bills

Series 8 - Speeches

Series 9 - Mayor's Office Accounts

Series 10 - Appointment Books

Series 11 - Invitations and Proclamations

Series 12 - Scrapbooks

Series 13 - City Journal

Series 14 - Miscellaneous Publications

Languages: English

Scope and Contents of the Materials

This collection documents Raymond R. Tucker's three terms as Mayor of St. Louis, from 1953-1965, and includes office files, speeches, appointment books, scrapbooks, and other materials related to Tucker's mayoralty and the City of St. Louis during this time period.

Collection Historical Note

Raymond Roche Tucker was born in St. Louis on December 4, 1896. He was raised and resided for most of his life in the Carondelet area of south St. Louis, within a half mile of where he was born. His family has been in that part of the city for over a century.

Tucker received his education in the public grammar schools, St. Louis University High School, and St. Louis University. After earning his A.B. degree in 1917, he received the B.S. degree from the department of mechanical engineering at Washington University in 1920. In addition, he took graduate courses at Columbia University, New York. He is a member of Sigma Xi, a national honorary engineering fraternity; Tau Beta Pi, undergraduate engineering fraternity; Kappa Alpha; the American Society of Mechanical Engineers; a member of the University Club of St. Louis; and other clubs and honorary orders.

In choosing the field of mechanical engineering and later a career centered on smoke abatement, Tucker followed in the footsteps of his father, to whom he was very close. The elder Tucker was an engineer and in 1904 had participated in an unsuccessful program for the elimination of smoke in St. Louis.

In 1928 Raymond Tucker married Edythe F. Lieber, also a St. Louis resident. The Tuckers have a daughter and son, both of whom have studied at Washington University.

From 1927 through 1934 Tucker was a member of the faculty of Washington University, as an associate professor of mechanical engineering. During this period he also maintained a chemical laboratory serving local foundries. This laboratory was sold in the early 1930's.

In 1934 Democratic Mayor Bernard F. Dickmann of St. Louis asked Tucker to become his secretary. As such he represented the mayor on various committees, among them the committee on the Soldiers Memorial, a committee of businessmen to make a survey of civic groups and the United Relief Committee. Tucker was chairman of the Mayor's Budget Committee. During this period he was especially active in promoting the adoption of an anti-smoke ordinance. Tucker also served as Director of Public Safety of St. Louis and as a member of the Board of Public Service. He resigned with the change in administration in 1941, but was called back by the new mayor, William Becker, a Republican, for a short period to deal with temporary increase in smoke in the city.

In September 1942 he returned to Washington University as head of the Department of Mechanical Engineering. During his period as Smoke Commissioner of St. Louis he had established a national reputation as a leader in the anti-pollution field and in power plant design, travelling widely in the United States as a lecturer and consultant.

During World War II, while at Washington University, Tucker served as a civilian coordinator in the training of soldiers on the campus. In addition he was Assistant to the Regional Adviser of Engineering-Science-Management, a war training department covering several states; a member of the State Training Council of the War Manpower Commission; and a member of the Aviation Committee on Post-War Developments of the St. Louis Chamber of Commerce. He was also a member of the Model Smoke Law committee of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers.

In the administration of Mayor Joseph M. Darst of St. Louis (1949-1953) Tucker served on the Mayor's Air Pollution Committee, was chairman of the 1949 Charter Board of Freeholders and Director of Civil Defense.

In 1953 Professor Tucker was elected Mayor of St. Louis, having defeated Mark D. Eagleton for the Democratic nomination in the primary election. He was subsequently elected twice. In 1965 he was defeated in the Democratic primary in his bid for a fourth term.

During his three terms as Mayor of St. Louis Raymond Tucker established a reputation for meting the major problems of the city head-on. In his first term the earnings tax and several bond issues were passed, stabilizing the city's finances and getting a number of public improvements underway. In 1954 he supported the adoption of a Metropolitan Sewer District. Among other reforms in which he was instrumental were a revision of the city Charter to raise the city salary limit and a revised building code for St. Louis. During his period in office Tucker provided leadership in the initiation or progress of various urban renewal programs. Throughout his tenure in office Tucker relied on the support and abilities of prominent businessmen and other civic leaders through citizens' committees and organizations like Civic Progress, Incorporated for the success of many progressive measures.

Tucker died in St. Louis on November 23, 1970.

Administrative Information

Repository: WUA University Archives

Access Restrictions: There are some restrictions in this collection. Please contact the University Archivist for more details, (314) 935-5495.

Use Restrictions:

Users of the collection must read and agree to abide by the rules and procedures set forth in the Materials Use Policies.

Providing access to materials does not constitute permission to publish or otherwise authorize use. All publication not covered by fair use or other exceptions is restricted to those who have permission of the copyright holder, which may or may not be Washington University.

If you wish to publish or license Special Collections materials, please contact Special Collections to inquire about copyright status at (314) 935-5495 or spec@wumail.wustl.edu. (Publish means quotation in whole or in part in seminar or term papers, theses or dissertations, journal articles, monographs, books, digital forms, photographs, images, dramatic presentations, transcriptions, or any other form prepared for a limited or general public.)

Preferred Citation: [Item description]. From the [collection title, series, box, folder]. University Archives, Washington University in St. Louis.

Processing Information: Processed by University Archives staff.

Finding Aid Revision History: This finding aid was entered into Archon by Meg Tuomala in November 2012.

Box and Folder Listing

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: First Administration Office Files],
[Series 2: Second Administration Office Files],
[Series 3: Third Administration Office Files],
[Series 4: Darst Administration Office Files],
[Series 5: Civic Progress Incorporated],
[Series 6: Campaigns and Bond Issues],
[Series 7: Board Bills],
[Series 8: Speeches],
[Series 9: Mayor's Office Accounts],
[Series 10: Appointment Books],
[Series 11: Invitations and Proclamations],
[Series 12: Scrapbooks],
[Series 13: City Journal],
[Series 14: Miscellaneous Publications],
[Series 15: Additional Acquisitions],

Series 6: Campaigns and Bond IssuesAdd to your cart.
Materials concerning campaigns of various kinds, i.e. mayoral elections, bond issues, charter revision. The files include correspondence , committee rosters, clippings, advertising etc. (6 cu. ft.)
Box 1Add to your cart.
Folder 19: Citizens' Committee for the New Charter, St. Louis - 1950Add to your cart.
Scrapbook prepared by Fleishman, Hillard and Associates re the new charter campaign.
Box 2Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Film - "Charting a Course" (Spring, 1957- St. Louis Citizens' Charter Committee)Add to your cart.
Film promotes the proposed new city charter, pointing out opposition of the Board of Aldermen.
Folder 2: 1958Add to your cart.
Material related to the campaign for the City-County District
Folder 3: 1961 CampaignAdd to your cart.
Mayor Raymond R. Tucker: Platform for Re-Election, March 18, 1961; correspondence.
Folder 4: ScrapbookAdd to your cart.
Clipping re the 1965 primary election campaign
Folder 5: Tucker Campaign - 1965Add to your cart.
Notebook prepared by the D'Arcy Advertising Agency proposing plans for Tucker's re-election campaign.
Folder 6: Citizen Support for Tucker - 1965 PrimaryAdd to your cart.
Various lists and miscellaneous letters of support.
Folder 7: Contributions - 1965 CampaignAdd to your cart.
Letters accompanying campaign contributions.
Folder 8: Speeches and Press Releases - 1965 PrimaryAdd to your cart.
Speeches by Tucker and releases from his campaign office.
Folder 9: General Correspondence - 1965 PrimaryAdd to your cart.
Includes memoranda, campaign agenda, lists of names, newspaper clippings as well as correspondence.
Folder 10: Newspapers Re Tucker - Cervantes CampaignAdd to your cart.
Mainly St. Louis Negro newspapers.
Folder 11: Election Issue NotesAdd to your cart.
Evidently inquiries from citizens re election issues.
Folder 12: Opposition's Campaign Material - 1965 PrimaryAdd to your cart.
Folder 13: Darcy Advertising - 1965 Primary CampaignAdd to your cart.
Folder 14: Factbook and Platform - 1965 PrimaryAdd to your cart.
Box 3Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Why St. Louis Must Have The City Earnings TaxAdd to your cart.
Folder 2: Powell McHaney (McHoney), PicturesAdd to your cart.
Folder 3: Earnings Tax Charter AmendmentAdd to your cart.
(two folders)
Folder 4: Earnings Tax, April 1953 - December 31, 1953Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Earnings Tax, January 1, 1954 - August 9, 1954Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Earnings TaxAdd to your cart.
Folder 7: Earnings Tax Trip - October 12, 1953 - December 2, 1953Add to your cart.
Lists of state representatives and state senators contacted on a trip around Missouri by Mayor Tucker in support of the earnings tax.
Folder 8: Home Show - Earnings Tax Exhibits - 1954Add to your cart.
Correspondence, memoranda, photographs re the exhibit.
Folder 9: Earnings Tax - EndorsementsAdd to your cart.
One envelope of letters.
Box 4Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Bond Issues (Proposed New) PlazaAdd to your cart.
Pamphlet, "A Civic Bargain: Facts about the Bond Issue", 9/29/53; list of committee members and chairmen of the Citizens' Bond Issue Committee; correspondence re the progress and success of the bond issue campaign; radio announcement prepared by the Gardner Advertising Company; memoranda and other information re the bond issue.
Folder 2: Plaza Bond Issue Election, September 29Add to your cart.
Speeches, correspondence, campaign material and plans re the campaign.
Folder 3: Bond Issue Campaign Material - 1955 (1)Add to your cart.
Information re the Citizens' Bond Issue Screening Committee; correspondence, minutes and other material re the various committees for improvements under the bond issue, including correspondence re projects contemplated for the funds; press releases; summary of recommended bond issue project costs, 3/12/55.
Folder 4: Bond Issue Campaign Material - 1955 (2)Add to your cart.
Information re the Citizens' Bond Issue Screening Committee; condensations of bond issue sub-committee reports; vote on the 1955 bond issue propositions; miscellaneous correspondence; lists of committee members; photographs; press releases.
Folder 5: Bond Issue Campaign Material - 1955 (3)Add to your cart.
Correspondence congratulating Tucker and others on the passage of the bond issue; financial information re the bonded indebtedness; correspondence re the progress of the campaign; press releases.
Folder 6: Bond Issue Campaign Material - 1955 (4)Add to your cart.
As above, correspondence, press releases, campaign material re the progress and organization of the campaign, including information on the recruiting of committee members; final report of the screening committee, 4/17/55.
Folder 7: Bond Issue Campaign Material - 1955 (5)Add to your cart.
Correspondence re the activities of the bond issue screening committee; information re the allocation of proposed bond issue funds; minutes of meetings.
Box 5Add to your cart.
Folder 1: 1955 Citizens Bond Issue Screening Committee (file cards on the members)Add to your cart.
One box of file cards with names, addresses and telephone numbers.
Box 6Add to your cart.
Folder 1: 1962 Bond Issue - Press ReleasesAdd to your cart.
Numerous press releases by the Mayor's Office and other supporting the bond issue.
Folder 2: Extra Copies of Screening Committee Minutes - 1962 Bond IssueAdd to your cart.
Folder 3: 1962 Bond Issue - Report of the Sub-Committee on Urban Renewal and Neighborhood RehabilitationAdd to your cart.
Folder 4: 1962 Bond Issue Tabulation of 26 Replies ReceivedAdd to your cart.
The tabulation is in regard to proposed bond issue projects.
Folder 5: Final Report by Citizens Bond Issue Screening Committee, April 17, 1955Add to your cart.
Report bound in loose leaf folder.
Folder 6: Development - Metropolitan Board of FreeholdersAdd to your cart.
Newspaper clippings file on development of a city-county district plan.
Folder 7: 1962 Bond Issue - Correspondence February 14, 1959-August 31, 1961Add to your cart.
Includes memoranda and sub-committee reports; topics of the correspondence and other information includes: the activities of the bond issue committees, the needs of various neighborhoods for improvement, other needs of the city in various areas, recruiting committee members.
Folder 8: 1962 Bond Issue Correspondence-September 1, 1961-December 31, 1961Add to your cart.
Correspondence, memoranda and other material re organization and progress of the election campaign.
Folder 9: 1962 Bond Issue Correspondence - January 1, 1962 - January 19, 1962Add to your cart.
Much the same as the folder above.
Folder 10: 1962 Bond Issue - Correspondence, January 20, 1962Add to your cart.

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: First Administration Office Files],
[Series 2: Second Administration Office Files],
[Series 3: Third Administration Office Files],
[Series 4: Darst Administration Office Files],
[Series 5: Civic Progress Incorporated],
[Series 6: Campaigns and Bond Issues],
[Series 7: Board Bills],
[Series 8: Speeches],
[Series 9: Mayor's Office Accounts],
[Series 10: Appointment Books],
[Series 11: Invitations and Proclamations],
[Series 12: Scrapbooks],
[Series 13: City Journal],
[Series 14: Miscellaneous Publications],
[Series 15: Additional Acquisitions],

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