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Washington University Observatory Collection

Overview

Scope and Contents

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

Correspondence

History

Student Materials

Publications

Data

Miscellaneous

Photography



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Washington University Observatory Collection, 1879-2003 | WUA University Archives

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Collection Overview

Title: Washington University Observatory Collection, 1879-2003Add to your cart.

ID: WUA/01/wua00330

Primary Creator: Washington University Observatory

Extent: 5.0 Linear Feet

Scope and Contents of the Materials

This collection is comprised of historical materials from the Washington University Observatory.  This includes records of observations, plans of the Observatory, and reports.  Many items in the collection are extremely fragile and require special handling.

Collection Historical Note

At the inaugural ceremonies of Washington University in 1857, William Greenleaf Eliot, the first chancellor, announced that the local philanthropist James Yeatman had donated $1,500 for the making of a superior telescope. The lenses for the 6-inch refractor, made by Henry Fitz & Co., and refigured in 1882 by Alvan Clark & Sons, are still in use today. Fitz and Clark were two of the most noted American telescope makers of the 19th century.

During the latter part of the 19th century, the Observatory, at that time located at 18th and St. Charles Streets in downtown St. Louis, served as a source of standard time for the region. A network of some 50,000 miles of telegraph wire existed. Henry W. Pritchett and other Observatory astronomers made several valuable determinations of longitude. In 1905, as the University moved to the present location from downtown, the Observatory moved to a site where Louderman Hall (chemistry) now stands. In 1954, the present dome atop Crow Hall was completed. The present electric drive for the telescope was installed in the mid-1960s, replacing the original pendulum drive.

Administrative Information

Repository: WUA University Archives

Accruals: Accruals are interfiled with collection.

Access Restrictions: Open

Use Restrictions:

Users of the collection must read and agree to abide by the rules and procedures set forth in the Materials Use Policies.

Providing access to materials does not constitute permission to publish or otherwise authorize use. All publication not covered by fair use or other exceptions is restricted to those who have permission of the copyright holder, which may or may not be Washington University.

If you wish to publish or license Special Collections materials, please contact Special Collections to inquire about copyright status at (314) 935-5495 or spec@wumail.wustl.edu. (Publish means quotation in whole or in part in seminar or term papers, theses or dissertations, journal articles, monographs, books, digital forms, photographs, images, dramatic presentations, transcriptions, or any other form prepared for a limited or general public.)

Physical Access Note: Some of these materials are fragile and may require special handling.

Acquisition Method: Accession number WUA2014-076

Preferred Citation: [Item description]. From the [collection title, series, box, folder]. University Archives, Washington University in St. Louis.

Processing Information: Updated by Sarah Gabriel in June 2016

Finding Aid Revision History: Updated by Sarah Gabriel in June 2016


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Correspondence],
[Series 2: History],
[Series 3: Student Materials],
[Series 4: Publications],
[Series 5: Data],
[Series 6: Miscellaneous],
[Series 7: Photography],
[All]

Series 1: CorrespondenceAdd to your cart.
Box 1Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Air Force Rocket Experiment, 1959-1961Add to your cart.
Correspondence and Data Sheets
Folder 2: Correspondence Regarding Alterations to the Observatory, 1935-1953Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Friedlander Correspondence, 2012; 1969Add to your cart.
Letter to Trachte Building Systems with Original Blueprints; Eason, Thompson, and Associates, Inc. Correspondence
Folder 4: Misc. NASA Correspondence, 1962Add to your cart.
Folder 5: "Missing Equipment" Letter Draft, 1967Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Nicholas Copernicus Exhibit, 1953Add to your cart.
Informational Packet and Correspondence
Folder 7: Scott H. Alyn Correspondence, 1973Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Steven G. Katz File, 1969Add to your cart.
Correspondence and Inventory Sketches
Series 2: HistoryAdd to your cart.
Box 2Add to your cart.
Item 1: Observatory of Washington University General Observations, c.1800sAdd to your cart.
Item 2: Observatory of Washington University Visitors' Record, 1879-1880Add to your cart.
Box 3Add to your cart.
Item 1: Observatory Drafts--Jessica May Young, 1944-1950Add to your cart.
Item 2: Observatory Drafts--Eames(?) A Young, n.d.Add to your cart.
Ink Prints on Cardboard
Box 4Add to your cart.
Folder 1: "Astronomy" Collected Documents (3 Folders), 1930s-1950sAdd to your cart.
Correspondence, Crow Observatory Plans, Catalogues, Observatory History, Visitor Guides
Folder 2: "Astronomy at Washington University Through the Years 1857-1954" Cover Page, 1954Add to your cart.
Folder 3: "A Compilation of Notes on the History of the Washington University Observatory", n.d.Add to your cart.
Photocopies--Correspondence, History
Folder 4: Historical Accounts of WU Observatory, 1925-1935Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Observatory Document Copies (3 Folders), n.d.Add to your cart.
Photocopies--Correspondence, Crow Observatory Plans. Appears to be copy of "Astronomy" Collected Documents
Folder 6: Observatory History, n.d.Add to your cart.
Photocopies--News Clippings, Wash U Mentions in Publications
Folder 7: Plans and Details of Observatory, 1920-1954Add to your cart.
Folder 8: "Sources of Information", n.d.Add to your cart.
Possibly associated with "Astronomy at Washington University Through the Years 1857-1954"
Folder 9: Yeatman Documents, c.2000sAdd to your cart.
Yeatman Portrait copies, Web print outs of original Yeatman correspondence, Western Sanitary Commission, general correspondence
Series 3: Student MaterialsAdd to your cart.
Box 4Add to your cart.
Folder 10: "Apparent Motion of Sun in Heavens. Mean Solar Time", n.d.Add to your cart.
2 copies
Folder 11: "Astronomical Coordinates", n.d.Add to your cart.
2 copies
Folder 12: Astronomical Symbols, n.d.Add to your cart.
2 copies
Folder 13: "Checking of Clocks", n.d.Add to your cart.
Master with Ditto copy sheets, two additional copies
Folder 14: Checklist--Observatory Closing Procedure, 1971Add to your cart.
Original with Ditto copy sheet, 1 additional copy
Folder 15: Constellations, n.d.Add to your cart.
Folder 16: Conversion of Mean Solar into Sidereal Time, n.d.Add to your cart.
Folder 17: "Data for May 18, 1956", 1956Add to your cart.
Folder 18: "Declination and Hour Circles of the Yeatman Refractor", n.d.Add to your cart.
Folder 19: "Determination of the Solar Constant", c.1953Add to your cart.
Folder 20: "Elements of Planetary Orbits", n.d.Add to your cart.
Folder 21: Evening Sky Guides, n.d.Add to your cart.
Folder 22: Filar Micrometer, 1957Add to your cart.
"Calibration and Use of" Manual, Data sheets
Folder 23: "Graphical Study of the Orbital Motion of the Moon", n.d.Add to your cart.
2 copies
Folder 24: "Graphical Study of Planetary Motion", n.d.Add to your cart.
2 documents
Folder 25: Instruction Manuals--Bound, 1948-c.1955Add to your cart.
Folder 26: Instruction Manuals--Unbound, n.d.Add to your cart.
Folder 27: "Instructions and Procedures for Using the 6" Refractor, 1969Add to your cart.
2 modern copies
Folder 28: Instruction Sheet, n.d.Add to your cart.
Folder 29: Inventories, c.1912-1915Add to your cart.
Folder 30: "Julian Day Number and Algol", n.d.Add to your cart.
"Julian Day
Folder 31: "Latitude and Longitude Terrestrial Globe", n.d.Add to your cart.
2 copies
Folder 32: "Mid-Term Laboratory Exam", 1958Add to your cart.
with Ditto copy sheets
Folder 33: "Motion of the Moon", n.d.Add to your cart.
2 copies
Folder 34: "North Circumpolar Constellations", n.d.Add to your cart.
2 copies
Folder 35: Notice of Phone Number Change, n.d.Add to your cart.
Folder 36: Notes on Determination of Latitude, c.1870s-1880sAdd to your cart.
Folder 37: Notes on Time and Checking Clocks by Radio Time Signals, n.d.Add to your cart.
Folder 38: "Observation Program for Jupiter", 1957Add to your cart.
Folder 39: "Observing Star Clusters and Nebulae", n.d.Add to your cart.
2 copies
Folder 40: "Observing Sun Spots", n.d.Add to your cart.
2 copies
Folder 41: "Optical Properties and Mechanical Adjustments of The 6" Refractor", 1957-1958Add to your cart.
Instruction Manual (2 bound copies, one "Quad Shop" copy) and Student Work
Folder 42: Physics Observing Session Guide, 1971Add to your cart.
Item 1: "Physics Observing Session" November 15 1971, 1971Add to your cart.
Original with Ditto copy sheet, 2 additional copies
Item 2: "First Observing Session", c.1971Add to your cart.
2 copies
Item 3: "Second Observing Session--Spring 1971", 1971Add to your cart.
2 copies
Item 4: Loose pages, c.1971Add to your cart.
2 copies each
Item 5: "The Surface of the Moon", n.d.Add to your cart.
Item 6: "The Maryland Academy of Sciences Graphic Time Table of the Heavens", 1972Add to your cart.
Folder 43: "Preliminary Inventory", n.d.Add to your cart.
Folder 44: "Right Ascension and Declination, Celestial Globe, Sidereal Time", n.d.Add to your cart.
Folder 45: "A Selected Bibliography--Man and Cosmos", c.1975Add to your cart.
Folder 46: "Solar System Positioner", n.d.Add to your cart.
2 copies
Folder 47: "Special Notes Concerning Comet 1956h", 1957Add to your cart.
Folder 48: "Special Notes Taken by J.Y.S.", c1930sAdd to your cart.
Camera Instruction Manual, Notes
Folder 49: "The Spectrometer", n.d.Add to your cart.
Folder 50: Star Chart, n.d.Add to your cart.
Folder 51: "Star Maps", n.d.Add to your cart.
Folder 52: "Study of Lenses on the Optical Bench", n.d.Add to your cart.
2 copies
Folder 53: Study of Uranus Semidiameter, n.d.Add to your cart.
2 copies
Folder 54: "Telling Time by the Stars", n.d.; 1958Add to your cart.
Two separate documents, both with Ditto copy sheets; one n.d., one labeled "Paul A Smith 11-6-58"
Folder 55: "Temperature of Stars", n.d.Add to your cart.
Folder 56: "Times of Visibility of the Planets", n.d.Add to your cart.
2 copies
Folder 57: "Total Eclipse of the Moon", c.1956Add to your cart.
2 copies
Folder 58: "Transit Instrument", 1957Add to your cart.
Folder 59: "Use of the 6th Refractor Setting Circles", n.d.Add to your cart.
Master with Ditto copy sheets, one bound copy
Folder 60: "Use of Bubble Sextant", n.d.Add to your cart.
Folder 61: "Use of a Detailed Star Atlas", n.d.Add to your cart.
2 copies
Folder 62: "Use of the Slide Rule", n.d.Add to your cart.
2 Copies
Folder 63: Venus Phases Project Log, 2003Add to your cart.
Folder 64: "The Washington University Observer's Guide", 1975Add to your cart.
2 copies
Series 4: PublicationsAdd to your cart.
Box 5Add to your cart.
Folder 1: "The Astronomical League", c.2000sAdd to your cart.
Web Print-Outs
Folder 2: "Comet News Service", 1976Add to your cart.
Issue No. 76-4, pub. Of McDonnel Planetarium, St. Louis
Folder 3: "A Laboratory Manual for Beginning Astronomy", 1949Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Naval Observatory Publications, 1974-1975Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Planet Descriptions, n.d.Add to your cart.
Master Copy
Folder 6: Pubs. Pritchett, H. "Results of Double Star Observations'", 1897Add to your cart.
Folder 7: "Reading List--Astronomy for the Novice", 1975Add to your cart.
Folder 8: "Scale Model of Universe", n.d.Add to your cart.
with Ditto copy sheets
Folder 9: "Structure and Evolution of the Galactic System", 1960Add to your cart.
"Reprinted from Physics Today, Vol. 13, No. 12, 32-35, December 1960"; "Georgetown Observatory Reprint Series II, No. 5"
Series 5: DataAdd to your cart.
Box 5Add to your cart.
Folder 10: "Earth Satellites" Formerly Bound Materials, 1957Add to your cart.
Observation Sheets, Data Calculations, Space Race Newspaper Clippings
Folder 11: "Fortran IV Sidereal Time Program", 1973Add to your cart.
Introduction Letter and Data Readouts
Folder 12: Planetary Data, n.d.Add to your cart.
2 copies each
Folder 13: "Visual Binary Orbit", 1923Add to your cart.
Data, Notes, "New Double Stars," Original Envelope
Series 6: MiscellaneousAdd to your cart.
Box 6Add to your cart.
Item 1: Observatory Clock Record LedgerAdd to your cart.
Box 7Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Departmental Book Orders, 1952-1955Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Hand Drawings, n.d.Add to your cart.
with Ditto copy sheets
Folder 3: Observatory Logbook, n.d.Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Report of the Washington University Eclipse Party, 1889Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Visitors' Nights, c.1950sAdd to your cart.
Press releases, correspondence, tickets, programs, news clippings
Series 7: PhotographyAdd to your cart.
Box 7Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Astrophotography Guides, 1979Add to your cart.
3 Different Guides and Original Envelope
Folder 7: Astrophotography Publications, n.d.Add to your cart.
Folder 8: "Manual for Stellar Photography", 1971Add to your cart.
Placed in Observatory 6/18/71
Folder 9: Misc. Photography Materials, c.1972Add to your cart.
Film and Paper guide, Kodak Special Processing Envelope
Box 8Add to your cart.
Item 1: Photographs, 1910-1972Add to your cart.
Stars, Planets, Astronomy Students, Original Hilltop Observatory
Box 9Add to your cart.
Item 1: Glass Light Spectroscopy Slides--Yerkes Observatory, 1908-1923Add to your cart.
Box 10Add to your cart.
Item 1: Glass Light Spectroscopy Slides--Yerkes Observatory, 1908-1923Add to your cart.
Box 11Add to your cart.
Item 1: Wooden Box, n.d.Add to your cart.
Item 2: Slide Descriptions, c.1900s-1920sAdd to your cart.
Box 12Add to your cart.
Item 1: Glass Slides--Planets and Moon, c.1950sAdd to your cart.
Item 2: Cardboard Slides--Lunar Eclipse and Stars, c.1870sAdd to your cart.
Item 3: Negatives--Planets and Moon, c.1960sAdd to your cart.
Item 4: Small BoxAdd to your cart.
Contains Wires, Light Bulbs, Photography Filter

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Correspondence],
[Series 2: History],
[Series 3: Student Materials],
[Series 4: Publications],
[Series 5: Data],
[Series 6: Miscellaneous],
[Series 7: Photography],
[All]


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