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Charles Guenther Papers


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Personal Papers

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Charles Guenther Papers, 1949-1984 | MS Manuscripts

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Collection Overview

Title: Charles Guenther Papers, 1949-1984Add to your cart.

Predominant Dates:1949-1984

ID: MS/MS/ms052

Primary Creator: Guenther, Charles (1920-2008)

Extent: 1.0 Boxes

Date Acquired: 04/28/1970

Languages: English

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The Charles Guenther Papers includes correspondence, 1964-1970, principally between Guenther and Washington University library officials concerning the placing of Guenther's literary materials. Also included are original poems and poetry translation from the French and German and reprints or copies of selected published articles on E.E. Cummings, Pierre Francois Regnier, an address on poetry given at St. Louis University, and miscellany.

Collection Historical Note

Charles Guenther was a poet, critic and translator. Born April 29, 1920 in St. Louis, Missouri, Guenther started writing and translating poetry at age 15 while a student at Roosevelt High School. Upon graduation at age 17, Guenther worked as a copy boy for the St. Louis Star-Times. He graduated from Harris Teachers College, earned a master’s degree at Webster College and did doctoral work in languages at St. Louis University.

During World War II, Guenther translated information for the U.S. Army Air Corps, tracking such details as the opening and closing of foreign runways. He worked at various times as a historian, librarian and supervisory cartographer for the U.S. Air Force. He was employed at the Aeronautical Chart and Information Center of St. Louis for 30 years. Also, Guenther began writing literary reviews for the St. Louis Post-Dispatch in 1953, retiring from that position in 2003. He also wrote for the St. Louis Globe-Democratfrom 1972 to 1982.

In addition, Guenther taught creative writing and modern literature in St. Louis and at various writer's conferences and read his poetry to college and university audiences. He helped judge several American and international poetry contests and edited several now-defunct little magazines. For 15 years he served as Regional Midwest Vice-President for the Poetry Society of America.

Guenther translated thousands of poems into English from languages such as French, Italian, Spanish, Eskimo, Greek, German and Hungarian. In an essay entitled "Reflections," from the book Three Faces of Autumn, Guenther credits Ezra Pound as an early influence on his work. The two met in 1951 when Guenther visited Pound while he was incarcerated at St. Elizabeth’s Hospital in Washington, D.C. He translated into English from such varying poets as Edgar Degas, Paul Valéry, Pablo Neruda, Salvatore Quasimodo and Dante Alighieri. Guenther also extensively translated the works of Garcilaso de la Vega, Juan Ramón Jiménez, Jules Laforgue and Jean Wahl. Many poets were translated into English for the first time by Guenther.

In addition to his translations, Guenther wrote original formal and free verse poetry. His book, Phrase/Paraphrase (1970), was nominated for the Pulitzer Prize in Poetry. Most of his translations and poetry were published in literary publications, including The American Poetry Review, Black Mountain Review, The Formalist and The Kenyon Review. He died July 24, 2008.

Administrative Information

Repository: MS Manuscripts

Access Restrictions: Open

Use Restrictions:

Users of the collection must read and agree to abide by the rules and procedures set forth in the Materials Use Policies.

Providing access to materials does not constitute permission to publish or otherwise authorize use. All publication not covered by fair use or other exceptions is restricted to those who have permission of the copyright holder, which may or may not be Washington University.

If you wish to publish or license Special Collections materials, please contact Special Collections to inquire about copyright status at (314) 935-5495 or spec@wumail.wustl.edu. (Publish means quotation in whole or in part in seminar or term papers, theses or dissertations, journal articles, monographs, books, digital forms, photographs, images, dramatic presentations, transcriptions, or any other form prepared for a limited or general public.)

Acquisition Source: Gift of Charles Guenther

Acquisition Method:

Accession number 1182, April 28, 1970.

Accession number 1416, June 3, 1974.

Accession number 1875, December 1990.

Accession number 18750, October 17, 2003

Preferred Citation: Name of the Collection, Washington University Libraries, Department of Special Collections

Box and Folder Listing

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Correspondence],
[Series 2: Translations],
[Series 3: Printed Materials],
[Series 4: Personal Papers],

Series 3: Printed MaterialsAdd to your cart.
Box 1Add to your cart.
Folder 5-7Add to your cart.
Item 1: What makes a poet? by Charles Guenther, 1960, April 3, 1960, March 1961Add to your cart.
Extracts from an address given at St. Louis University April 3, 1960, reprinted in Missouri Library Association Quarterly (vol. xxii, no 1, March 1961). Duplicated. 6 pages. (3 copies)
Item 2: An early St. Louis poet: Pierre Francois Regnier by Charles Guenther, 1965.Add to your cart.
Reprinted from The French in the Mississippi Valley, edited by John Francis McDermott, (University of Illinois Press). 19 pages. (4 copies) Includes three brochures from The French in the Mississippi Valley conference, February 13-15, 1964.
Item 3: I was sitting on the prose; and To American Negro soldiers [poems] by Leopold Sedar Senghor, translated by Charles Guenther, [1965]Add to your cart.
Printed in Focus/Midwest (Vol. III, No. 8 and 9) 1 page, 1 item.
Item 4: Three letters of Paul Verlaine by Charles Guenther, October 1960.Add to your cart.
Reprinted from Discourse, October 1960. (1 item)
Item 5: Bulletin of the New York Public Library, October 1968.Add to your cart.
1 item
Item 6: Poetry Center Speaking, Volume VIII:4, January 1971Add to your cart.
(1 item)
Item 7: Curled Wire Chronicle, Volume II, Number 1, September 1954.Add to your cart.
(1 item)
Item 8: Curled Wire Chronicle, Volume II, Number 4, December-January 1954-1955.Add to your cart.
1 item
Item 9: Now Take This Rose: Three sonnets and an ode by Pierre de Ronsard, 1983.Add to your cart.
Translated from the French by Guenther.1983. (1 item)
Item 10: Even the Rose...: A sonnet by Garcilaso de la Vega, 1984.Add to your cart.
Translated from the Spanish by Guenther. (1 item)
Item 11: Retreat Among the Roses by Juan Ramon Jimenez, 1984.Add to your cart.
Translated from the Spanish by Guenther. (1 item)

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Correspondence],
[Series 2: Translations],
[Series 3: Printed Materials],
[Series 4: Personal Papers],

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