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Philip Mills Arnold Papers (MSS006)

Overview

Scope and Contents

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

Cryptography

Sign Languages

Telegraphy

Accounting and Geometry

Paleography - Writing

Mnemonics

Language - Philosophy - Philology

Stenography

Specimens of Early Typography

Miscellany

Microfilm

Realia

Personal Papers



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Philip Mills Arnold Papers (MSS006), 1477-1981 | MSS Manuscripts

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Collection Overview

Title: Philip Mills Arnold Papers (MSS006), 1477-1981Add to your cart.

Predominant Dates:1477-1981

ID: MSS/MSS/006

Primary Creator: Arnold, Philip Mills. American businessman and collector.

Extent: 39.0 Boxes

Date Acquired: 06/05/1979

Languages: English

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The Philip Mills Arnold Semeiology Collection, perhaps the most diverse and comprehensive of all the Washington University Libraries Special Collections, brings together a broad range of materials dealing with or exemplifying the nature and characteristics of communication. Placing particular emphasis on early printed materials that appeared at early stages of the development of interest in topics relevant to semeiology, the Arnold Collection had especially strong holdings in the fields of cryptography, artificial memory, decipherment of unknown languages, early development sin stenography, Braille, deaf and mute languages, and various forms of nonverbal communication.

Complementing the more than 2,000 volume in the Arnold book collection that forms the largest component of the Semiology Collection is a small, yet select, group of manuscripts and printed ephemera, including materials relating to cryptography, sign languages, telegraphy, accounting, paleography, mnemonics, philosophy, stenography, and other topics.

The sign languages section contains numerous single printed sheets from the nineteenth century depicting different systems for deaf-mute communication in many languages, probably published as teaching aids. The three items on telegraphy emphasize its use for the military, focusing on secretly communicating sensitive offers for maneuvers. Items included in the Accounting and Paleography sections demonstrate the variety of early forms of alternative numerological systems and alternative scripts, both of which indicate that communication is based on an ever-changing use of various signs.

An important work on mnemonics, Raymond Lull’s Ars demonstrativa et ars brevis, highlights this curious and frequently mystical system of logic, metaphysics, and the intricate workings of the communicating mind. Manuscripts depicting many of the thousands of separate languages of the world are also included in the collection, mostly relying on biblical texts to illustrate the complex nature of human communication. One other example of alternative means of communicating is a shorthand version of the Psalms.

Finally, included as an illustration of the early evaluation of printing, are 52 specimens of early typography, dating from 1477 to 1674. Taken as a whole, the manuscript collection reveals the interdisciplinary nature of semeiology and reflects the eclectic range of Arnold’s important collection.

Collection Historical Note

Philip Mills Arnold, executive, researcher, and scholar, retired in 1976 as vice president for research and developement of Phillips Petroleum Company after nearly forty years with the company. Most of his career was spent in scientific research. He played a ,ajor role in the company's entry into the chemical industry, in which it rapidly became a major producer of synthetic rubber, plastics, fibers, and fertilizers.

A member of the National Academy of Engineering since 1970, Arnold also has been active in the National Research Council. He served in the Executive Committee of its Division of Chemistry and Chemical Technology and on its committee on Scholarly Communication with the Peoples' Republic of China.

While his professional life has been devoted to science and technology, his avocaton has been study in the humanities. The holder of 22 patents, Arnold reads widely in several languages. A student of semeiology - the study of the use of signs and symbols - Arnold has explored the history of communication, from efforts to relate through universal languages and alphabets, to systems to conceal, specifically, codes and ciphers. He founded in 1966 and has supported over the years the Philip Mills Arnold Semeiology Collection. In addition, Arnold built other distinguished collections, including early books on comets and early editions of the medieval philosopher Boethius. Upon Arnold's death in 1995, the libraries received the bequest, as well as his entire estate.

Arnold earned a bachelor of science degree in chemical engineering in 1932 and a master of science degree in chemical engineering in 1941 from Washington University. In 1968, he was recognixed at Founders Day with an Alumni Citation from the Washington University Board of Governors.

Administrative Information

Repository: MSS Manuscripts

Access Restrictions: Open

Use Restrictions:

Users of the collection must read and agree to abide by the rules and procedures set forth in the Materials Use Policies.

Providing access to materials does not constitute permission to publish or otherwise authorize use. All publication not covered by fair use or other exceptions is restricted to those who have permission of the copyright holder, which may or may not be Washington University.

If you wish to publish or license Special Collections materials, please contact Special Collections to inquire about copyright status at (314) 935-5495 or spec@wumail.wustl.edu. (Publish means quotation in whole or in part in seminar or term papers, theses or dissertations, journal articles, monographs, books, digital forms, photographs, images, dramatic presentations, transcriptions, or any other form prepared for a limited or general public.)

Acquisition Source: Gift of Philip Mills Arnold

Acquisition Method:

Accession number 1488. Gift of Philip Mills Arnold, June 5, 1979

Accession number 1492. Gift of Philip Mills Arnold, June 6, 1979

Accession number 1730. Gift of Philip Mills Arnold, July 1, 1987

Accession number 22953. Gift of Philip Mills Arnold, February 12, 1990

Preferred Citation: Name of the Collection, Washington University Libraries, Department of Special Collections


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Cryptography, 1531-1834],
[Series 2: Sign Languages, 1679-1836],
[Series 3: Telegraphy, 1803-1812],
[Series 4: Accounting and Geometry, 1775-1816],
[Series 5: Paleography - Writing, 1664-1835],
[Series 6: Mnemonics, 1516],
[Series 7: Language - Philosophy - Philology, 1838-1855],
[Series 8: Stenography, Undated],
[Series 9: Specimens of Early Typography, 1477-1674],
[Series 10: Miscellany, 1633-1816],
[Series 11: Microfilm, 1981],
[Series 12: Realia],
[Series 13: Personal Papers],
[All]

Series 1: Cryptography, 1531-1834Add to your cart.
5 items
Box 1Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Caramuel de Lobkowitz, Steganographiae Trithemii et Claviculae Salmonis Germani declaratio et vindicatio, circa 1650-1675Add to your cart.
Manuscript of a French translation of around 1650-1675, Neatly written on fine laid paper this text deals with the “Steganographia” of Abbot Trithemius which had been written around 1500 and printed in Lyons in 1531. It ends with a certification that it follows accepted doctrine, with the date of 1534 and a permit to print it stated to have been prepared in Salamanca, 1534. This may be fictitious or perhaps connected with the original text of Trithemius. One leaf of introduction seems to be missing. Otherwise in fine unflawed condition. Caramuel was a Spanish theologian (1606-1682). He had a varied career, serving Emperor Ferdinand III, Pope Alexander VII, and occupied some of the highest positions in the Cistercian concerns, with secret correspondences and means to communicate by hidden indications, the invocation of spirits, writing explained by code, etc.
Folder 2: Ceffis Moisé, Invenzione di cifre di me, UndatedAdd to your cart.

Photocopy of autograph manuscript from microfilm, unbound. Original held in Fabayan Collection, Library of Congress. Ciphers developed by an Italian captain for secret communication between princes and potentates. Includes keys to ciphers. Brief text in Italian translated into English and typed out opposite text.

Located in oversize.

Folder 3: Henri Spelmano (1564?-1641), Archaifmus Graphic, 1606Add to your cart.
Bound autograph manuscript, with autograph inscriptions by J. Fitzwiliam (1684) and Thomas Smith (undated), Consists of alphabetical lists of abbreviations and codes to be used for Latin and Greek. Henry Spelman was knighted for his work on ecclesiastical and local history. An independent scholar, Spelman is best known for his work on the origins of English Common Law. This manuscript was designed to assist in decoding legal documents in Latin and Greek relating to the early history of law. First published as part I of Henrici Spelmanni Archaeologus, 1626, London, F. Beale, and reprinted in Glossarium, archaeologicum, 1664, London, Aliciam Warreb.
Folder 4: System of Symbols, circa 1834Add to your cart.
Autograph notes. Note accompanying the manuscript indicates that it was from a group of drawings from the granddaughter of General Henry Clinton, probably circa 1834.
Folder 5: Johannes Trithemius (1462-1516), Steganographia, circa 1531Add to your cart.
Bound photocopy of autograph manuscript, in 2 unidentified hands, from microfilm with additional page tipped in noting missing pages and describing contents. Codex Vaticanus Reg. Lat. 1344, a gift to Philip M. Arnold from Pius XII Memorial Library, St. Louis University, Vatican Film Library Collection. Examples of ciphers and alchemical formulas. Apparently completed circa 1500. Trithemius, the Abbot of Sponheim, delineated here 55 different ciphers and described various ways of putting messages in codes. The alchemical formulas and strange terms and characters caused him to be suspected of withcraft. This manuscript by an important cryptographer supplements the 1721 printed edition included in the Arnold collection. First published as Steganographia: hoe est : Ars per occvltam scriptvram animi svi volvntatem absentibvs aperiendi certa, 1606, Frankfurt, M. Beckeri.

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Cryptography, 1531-1834],
[Series 2: Sign Languages, 1679-1836],
[Series 3: Telegraphy, 1803-1812],
[Series 4: Accounting and Geometry, 1775-1816],
[Series 5: Paleography - Writing, 1664-1835],
[Series 6: Mnemonics, 1516],
[Series 7: Language - Philosophy - Philology, 1838-1855],
[Series 8: Stenography, Undated],
[Series 9: Specimens of Early Typography, 1477-1674],
[Series 10: Miscellany, 1633-1816],
[Series 11: Microfilm, 1981],
[Series 12: Realia],
[Series 13: Personal Papers],
[All]


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