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Philip Mills Arnold Papers (MSS006)

Overview

Scope and Contents

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

Cryptography

Sign Languages

Telegraphy

Accounting and Geometry

Paleography - Writing

Mnemonics

Language - Philosophy - Philology

Stenography

Specimens of Early Typography

Miscellany

Microfilm

Realia

Personal Papers



Contact us about this collection

Philip Mills Arnold Papers (MSS006), 1477-1981 | MSS Manuscripts

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Collection Overview

Title: Philip Mills Arnold Papers (MSS006), 1477-1981Add to your cart.

Predominant Dates:1477-1981

ID: MSS/MSS/006

Primary Creator: Arnold, Philip Mills. American businessman and collector.

Extent: 39.0 Boxes

Date Acquired: 06/05/1979

Languages: English

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The Philip Mills Arnold Semeiology Collection, perhaps the most diverse and comprehensive of all the Washington University Libraries Special Collections, brings together a broad range of materials dealing with or exemplifying the nature and characteristics of communication. Placing particular emphasis on early printed materials that appeared at early stages of the development of interest in topics relevant to semeiology, the Arnold Collection had especially strong holdings in the fields of cryptography, artificial memory, decipherment of unknown languages, early development sin stenography, Braille, deaf and mute languages, and various forms of nonverbal communication.

Complementing the more than 2,000 volume in the Arnold book collection that forms the largest component of the Semiology Collection is a small, yet select, group of manuscripts and printed ephemera, including materials relating to cryptography, sign languages, telegraphy, accounting, paleography, mnemonics, philosophy, stenography, and other topics.

The sign languages section contains numerous single printed sheets from the nineteenth century depicting different systems for deaf-mute communication in many languages, probably published as teaching aids. The three items on telegraphy emphasize its use for the military, focusing on secretly communicating sensitive offers for maneuvers. Items included in the Accounting and Paleography sections demonstrate the variety of early forms of alternative numerological systems and alternative scripts, both of which indicate that communication is based on an ever-changing use of various signs.

An important work on mnemonics, Raymond Lull’s Ars demonstrativa et ars brevis, highlights this curious and frequently mystical system of logic, metaphysics, and the intricate workings of the communicating mind. Manuscripts depicting many of the thousands of separate languages of the world are also included in the collection, mostly relying on biblical texts to illustrate the complex nature of human communication. One other example of alternative means of communicating is a shorthand version of the Psalms.

Finally, included as an illustration of the early evaluation of printing, are 52 specimens of early typography, dating from 1477 to 1674. Taken as a whole, the manuscript collection reveals the interdisciplinary nature of semeiology and reflects the eclectic range of Arnold’s important collection.

Collection Historical Note

Philip Mills Arnold, executive, researcher, and scholar, retired in 1976 as vice president for research and developement of Phillips Petroleum Company after nearly forty years with the company. Most of his career was spent in scientific research. He played a ,ajor role in the company's entry into the chemical industry, in which it rapidly became a major producer of synthetic rubber, plastics, fibers, and fertilizers.

A member of the National Academy of Engineering since 1970, Arnold also has been active in the National Research Council. He served in the Executive Committee of its Division of Chemistry and Chemical Technology and on its committee on Scholarly Communication with the Peoples' Republic of China.

While his professional life has been devoted to science and technology, his avocaton has been study in the humanities. The holder of 22 patents, Arnold reads widely in several languages. A student of semeiology - the study of the use of signs and symbols - Arnold has explored the history of communication, from efforts to relate through universal languages and alphabets, to systems to conceal, specifically, codes and ciphers. He founded in 1966 and has supported over the years the Philip Mills Arnold Semeiology Collection. In addition, Arnold built other distinguished collections, including early books on comets and early editions of the medieval philosopher Boethius. Upon Arnold's death in 1995, the libraries received the bequest, as well as his entire estate.

Arnold earned a bachelor of science degree in chemical engineering in 1932 and a master of science degree in chemical engineering in 1941 from Washington University. In 1968, he was recognixed at Founders Day with an Alumni Citation from the Washington University Board of Governors.

Administrative Information

Repository: MSS Manuscripts

Access Restrictions: Open

Use Restrictions:

Users of the collection must read and agree to abide by the rules and procedures set forth in the Materials Use Policies.

Providing access to materials does not constitute permission to publish or otherwise authorize use. All publication not covered by fair use or other exceptions is restricted to those who have permission of the copyright holder, which may or may not be Washington University.

If you wish to publish or license Special Collections materials, please contact Special Collections to inquire about copyright status at (314) 935-5495 or spec@wumail.wustl.edu. (Publish means quotation in whole or in part in seminar or term papers, theses or dissertations, journal articles, monographs, books, digital forms, photographs, images, dramatic presentations, transcriptions, or any other form prepared for a limited or general public.)

Acquisition Source: Gift of Philip Mills Arnold

Acquisition Method:

Accession number 1488. Gift of Philip Mills Arnold, June 5, 1979

Accession number 1492. Gift of Philip Mills Arnold, June 6, 1979

Accession number 1730. Gift of Philip Mills Arnold, July 1, 1987

Accession number 22953. Gift of Philip Mills Arnold, February 12, 1990

Preferred Citation: Name of the Collection, Washington University Libraries, Department of Special Collections


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Cryptography, 1531-1834],
[Series 2: Sign Languages, 1679-1836],
[Series 3: Telegraphy, 1803-1812],
[Series 4: Accounting and Geometry, 1775-1816],
[Series 5: Paleography - Writing, 1664-1835],
[Series 6: Mnemonics, 1516],
[Series 7: Language - Philosophy - Philology, 1838-1855],
[Series 8: Stenography, Undated],
[Series 9: Specimens of Early Typography, 1477-1674],
[Series 10: Miscellany, 1633-1816],
[Series 11: Microfilm, 1981],
[Series 12: Realia],
[Series 13: Personal Papers],
[All]

Series 13: Personal PapersAdd to your cart.
Box 11Add to your cart.
Folder 31-32: Address booksAdd to your cart.
Folder 33: AwardsAdd to your cart.
Item 1: American Institute of Chemical Engineers fellow award, 1972Add to your cart.
Located in oversize.
Item 2: The American Institute of Chemical Engineers certificate of membership, 1946Add to your cart.
Located in oversize.
Item 3: The American Institute of Chemists certificate of membership, 1968Add to your cart.
Located in oversize.
Item 4: Gas Processors Association Hanlon Award, 1975Add to your cart.
Located with Series XII. Realia, Box 10
Item 5: Gas Processors Association Hanlon Award Clock, 1975Add to your cart.
Located with Series XII. Realia, Box 10
Item 6: The Governor of the State of Oklahoma appointment as member of the governor's advisory committee on science and industry, 1988Add to your cart.
Located in oversize.
Item 7: National Academy of Engineering diploma, 1970Add to your cart.
Located in oversize.
Item 8: Southwest Chapter of the American Institute of Chemists Professional Recognition Award, 1971Add to your cart.
Located in oversize.
Item 9: Washington University Alumni Citation award, 1968Add to your cart.
Box 12-14Add to your cart.
Item 1: Card Catalogue FilesAdd to your cart.
Card catalogue records for Arnold's personal library.
Box 15Add to your cart.
Folder 34: Clippings and Photocopies - Book AdsAdd to your cart.
Folder 35: Clippings and Photocopies - Cryptographie by Gaëtan Henri Léon Viaris. Published in "Le Génie Civil", 1888Add to your cart.
2 copies. Translation
Folder 36: Clippings and Photocopies - Cryptographie indéchiffrable by Emile Victor Théodore Myszkowski, 1902Add to your cart.
2 copies. Translation
Folder 37: Clippings and Photocopies - Japanese HiraganaAdd to your cart.
Folder 38-40: Clippings and Photocopies - MiscellaneousAdd to your cart.
Box 16Add to your cart.
Folder 41-42: Clippings and Photocopies - Polygraphiae by Johannes TrithemiusAdd to your cart.
Box 17-18Add to your cart.
Folder 43-44: Clippings and Photocopies - SemeiologyAdd to your cart.
Folder 45: Clippings and Photocopies - Washington University Student Life, 1925Add to your cart.
Folder 46: Correspondence - Book Donations Other than Washington University, 1979Add to your cart.
Folder 47-53: Correspondence - Cryptography, 1978-1990Add to your cart.
Box 19Add to your cart.
Folder 54-55: Correspondence - Research Center for Language and Semiotic Studies, 1981-1983Add to your cart.
Box 19-26Add to your cart.
Folder 56-84: Correspondence - Washington University, 1956-1994Add to your cart.
Box 26Add to your cart.
Folder 85: Correspondence - Unidentified German letters with partial translationAdd to your cart.
Folder 86-87: Curriculum VitaeAdd to your cart.
Includes other professional information.
Folder 88-89: Education - Animal biology drawingsAdd to your cart.
Box 27Add to your cart.
Folder 90: Education - Navy, Office of Chief of Naval Operations, Elementary Course in Cryptanalysis, 1941Add to your cart.
Folder 91-92: Education - Plant biology drawingsAdd to your cart.
Folder 93: Education - Pyrolysis of Propane on Pilot Plant Scale, 1941Add to your cart.
Arnold's thesis for a master of science degree in chemical engineering from Washington University.
Folder 93.1: Education - Washington University bachelor of science degree in chemical engineering, 1932Add to your cart.
Located in oversize.
Folder 93.2: Education - Washington University master of science degree in chemical engineering, 1941Add to your cart.
Located in oversize.
Box 28Add to your cart.
Folder 94: Education - Washington University honorary doctorate, 1983Add to your cart.
Folder 95: Education - Washington University honorary degree procedure guide, 1983Add to your cart.
Box 28-31Add to your cart.
Folder 96-106: Financial Papers - Antiquarian Books - A-ZAdd to your cart.
Box 31Add to your cart.
Folder 107: Financial Papers - Antiquarian Books - Dawson, 1973-1985Add to your cart.
Folder 108: Financial Papers - Antiquarian Books - Howes, 1973-1986Add to your cart.
Folder 109: Financial Papers - Antiquarian Books - Mundo do Livro, 1973-1981Add to your cart.
Box 32Add to your cart.
Folder 110: Financial Papers - Antiquarian Books - Quaritch, 1973-1983Add to your cart.
Folder 111: Financial Papers - Antiquarian Books - Rosenthal, 1976-1992Add to your cart.
Folder 112: Financial Papers - Antiquarian Books - Salloch, 1973-1983Add to your cart.
Folder 113: Financial Papers - Antiquarian Books - Shulman, 1973-1978Add to your cart.
Folder 114: Financial Papers - Antiquarian Books - Stenderhoff, 1973-1986Add to your cart.
Folder 115: Financial Papers - Bookbinding - Bailey, 1973-1983Add to your cart.
Folder 116: Financial Papers - Bookbinding - Harcourt, 1978-1982Add to your cart.
Box 33Add to your cart.
Folder 117: Financial Papers - Bookbinding - Horton/Balloffet, 1969-1984Add to your cart.
Folder 118: Financial Papers - Bookbinding - Miscellaneous, 1956-1991Add to your cart.
Folder 119-120: Financial Papers - Bookbinding - Motter, 1976-1992Add to your cart.
Box 34Add to your cart.
Folder 121: Financial Papers - Long Delayed Books, 1973-1989Add to your cart.
Folder 122-123: Financial Papers - Miscellaneous Dealers A-ZAdd to your cart.
Folder 124: Financial Papers - Portuguese, 1954-1961Add to your cart.
Box 35Add to your cart.
Folder 125: Financial Papers - Scribners - Rizzoli, 1974-1986Add to your cart.
Folder 126: Financial Papers - Swiss Bank Corporation, 1967-1992Add to your cart.
Folder 127: Financial Papers - University Presses, 1972-1993Add to your cart.
Box 35-36Add to your cart.
Folder 128-129: JournalsAdd to your cart.
Box 36Add to your cart.
Folder 130-131: Paper SamplesAdd to your cart.
Folder 132: PatentsAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Biaxially Oriented Plastic Film LaminateAdd to your cart.
Item 2: Blending Solid Olefin Polymers with RubberAdd to your cart.
Item 3: Catalytic PolymerizationAdd to your cart.
Item 4: Continuous Extractive Crystallization ProcessAdd to your cart.
Item 5: Continuous Fractional Crystallization ProcessAdd to your cart.
Item 6: Conversion of HyrdocarbonsAdd to your cart.
Item 7: Conversion of Ortho Tertiary Alkyl PhenolsAdd to your cart.
Item 8: Dealkylation of Alkyl PyridinesAdd to your cart.
Item 9: Hyrocardbon ConversionAdd to your cart.
Item 10: Laminates of Aluminum and Solid Polymers of 1-OlefinsAdd to your cart.
Item 11: Manufacture of Alkyl Sulfenyl TrithiocarbonatesAdd to your cart.
Item 12: Method and Apparatus for Forming a Biaxially Oriented Plastic Film LaminateAdd to your cart.
Item 13: Method of Heating Microbial CellsAdd to your cart.
Item 14: Method of Purifying Anhyrous Aluminum ChlorideAdd to your cart.
Item 15: Polymers of 1-Monoolefins and DodecatetraenesAdd to your cart.
Item 16: Primary and Secondary Alkyl Sulfenyl TrithiocarbonatesAdd to your cart.
Item 17: Process for Producing Carbon BlackAdd to your cart.
Item 18: Production of Alkenyl ThiophenesAdd to your cart.
Item 19: Production of Ethyl Alcohol and AlkylateAdd to your cart.
Item 20: Solvent Extraction SystemAdd to your cart.
Item 21: Treatment of HyrdocarbonsAdd to your cart.
Item 22: Treatment of HyrdocarbonsAdd to your cart.
Box 37Add to your cart.
Folder 133: Personal PublicationsAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Beitrag zur Vulkanisation von Butadien/Styrol-Kautschuk durch Gamma-Bestrahlung, 1959Add to your cart.
(36 pages) Published in Kautschuk Und Gummi
Item 2: Contributor's Column, 1937Add to your cart.
(1 page) Published in The Bent of Tau Beta Pi, November 1937.
Item 3: Cycloversion Process for Catalytic Cracking, 1944Add to your cart.
(2 pages) Published in World Petroleum, 1944. Co-written by Bradley Skinner.
Item 4: Making Research and Development Effective, 1956Add to your cart.
(16 pages) Speech at the Arden House Industrial Research Conference.
Item 5: Modern Alchemy, 1971Add to your cart.
(5 pages) Published in The Chemist, April 1971.
Item 6: Olefin Production by Thermal Cracking of Isobutane, 1945Add to your cart.
(5 pages) Published in The Oil and Gas Journal, July 7, 1945.
Item 7: Petroleum Industry Shifts into High, 1950Add to your cart.
(3 pages) Published in C&EN Annual Review, 1950. Co-written by R.W. Thomas
Item 8: Refiners Embrace Petrochemicals, 1954Add to your cart.
(3 pages) Published in Chemical and Engineering News, Volume 32, 1954.
Item 9: Talk Given by P.M. Arnold in Phillips Officers' Dining Room, 1956Add to your cart.
(5 pages)
Item 10: Untitled paper, 1969Add to your cart.
(9 pages) Speech from the PTC Research Institute Annual Conference, June 5-6, 1969.
Item 11: What Management Expects from the Patent Department, 1973Add to your cart.
(5 pages) Speech by Arnold before the Association of Patent Counsel.
Item 12: Why Not Try Cooperative Research, 1954Add to your cart.
(14 pages) Published in Harvard Business Review, July-August 1954 and Teknisk-Vetenskaplig Forskning, 1959.
Folder 134: Photographs - Arnold photographsAdd to your cart.
(7 items) Includes one photograph with William H. Danforth.
Folder 135: Photographs - Bartlesville, Oklahoma houseAdd to your cart.
(4 items)
Folder 136: Photographs - Unidentified loose photographsAdd to your cart.
(6 items)
Folder 136.1: Photographs - Unidentified framed photographsAdd to your cart.

(4 items) Six photographs of women and two of men.

Three are located in oversize and four are located with Series XII Realia, Box 9.

Folder 136.2: Photographs - William McKim Arnold (1810-1862), ca. 1860Add to your cart.
Located in oversize. Framed.
Folder 136.3: Photographs - Photo albumsAdd to your cart.
(2 items)
Box 38Add to your cart.
Item 1: Postcard collectionAdd to your cart.
Box 39Add to your cart.
Folder 137: Retirement - Bound volume of Arnold patents from the Technical Information Branch of Phillips Petroleum CompanyAdd to your cart.
Folder 138: Retirement - Cartoon centerpiece featuring ArnoldAdd to your cart.
Folder 138.1: Retirement - Engraved listing of Arnold patents from the Patent Division of Phillips Petroleum CompanyAdd to your cart.
Located in oversize.
Folder 138.2: Retirement - Framed cartoon drawing of Arnold from the Patent Division of Phillips Petroleum CompanyAdd to your cart.
Located in oversize.
Folder 139: Retirement - Guest book from Arnold's retirement partyAdd to your cart.
Folder 139.1: Retirement - Lucite Tree from Electron Accelerator from the Physics and Analysis Branch of Phillips Petroleum CompanyAdd to your cart.
Labeled as six million volt electron tree.
Folder 139.2: Retirement - Phillips Petroleum Company award, Retirement as VP of Research and DevelopmentAdd to your cart.
Located in oversize.
Folder 139.3: Retirement - Photo album of Arnold's retirement party at the Hillcrest Country ClubAdd to your cart.
Located with Series XII. Realia, Box 9.
Folder 139.4: Retirement - Picture of Arnold in plastic pellets from the Plastics Development Branch of Phillips Petroleum CompanyAdd to your cart.

Contains more than 20,000 Marlex Polyethylene pellets.

Located in oversize.

Folder 139.5: Retirement - Printing plate with barenAdd to your cart.
Located in oversize.

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Cryptography, 1531-1834],
[Series 2: Sign Languages, 1679-1836],
[Series 3: Telegraphy, 1803-1812],
[Series 4: Accounting and Geometry, 1775-1816],
[Series 5: Paleography - Writing, 1664-1835],
[Series 6: Mnemonics, 1516],
[Series 7: Language - Philosophy - Philology, 1838-1855],
[Series 8: Stenography, Undated],
[Series 9: Specimens of Early Typography, 1477-1674],
[Series 10: Miscellany, 1633-1816],
[Series 11: Microfilm, 1981],
[Series 12: Realia],
[Series 13: Personal Papers],
[All]


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