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Frederick William Lehmann Papers (MSS068)

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Scope and Contents

Administrative Information

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Autographs

Correspondence

Manuscripts

Personal Papers

Ephemera

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Frederick William Lehmann Papers (MSS068), 1756-1929 | MSS Manuscripts

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Collection Overview

Title: Frederick William Lehmann Papers (MSS068), 1756-1929Add to your cart.

Predominant Dates:1756-1929

ID: MSS/MSS/068

Primary Creator: Lehmann, Frederick W. (1853-1931)

Extent: 4.0 Boxes

Languages: English, German

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The Frederick William Lehmann Papers consists of letters and documents of notable Americans (1756-1909), particularly 19th century political figures including John Adams, John Quincy Adams, Grover Cleveland, Ulysses S. Grant, Rutherford B. Hayes, Andrew Jackson, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, Thomas Bayard, Thomas Hart Benton, Zachariah Chandler, Roscoe Conkling, Stephen A. Douglas, John Brown Gordon, Wade Hampton, Oliver Perry Morton, James G. Blaine, Benjamin F. Butler, J.A.J. Creswell, George Mifflin Dallas, Albert Gallatin, Alexander Hamilton, John McLean, William L. Marey, John Marshall, Thomas Pinckney, William H. Seward, Charles Sumner, Gideon Welles, Samuel Allibone, Robert Banner, Winston Churchill (novelist), G.W.P. Custis, Charles A. Dana, S.A. Drake, Edward Everett, James T. Fields, William D. Gallagher, Edward Everett Hale, Fitz-Greene Halleck, Joseph Henry, Benson J. Losing, Whitelaw Reid, John Sartain, Charles Dudley Warner, Frances E. Williard, Fanny Vining Davenport, Thomas Gibson, William Godwin, Benjamin Haydon, William Thackeray, William Buell Sprague, and Chauncey Ives Filley.  Also included within the collection is correspondence among Lehmann’s law colleagues, journalists, congressman, executive appointees, justices of the Supreme Court, personal friends (1879-1929). In addition, are personal miscellany including bookplates, calling cards, clipping, invitations, Burns’ materials, Felicities of Sixty by I.H. Lionberger, pictures of Woodrow Wilson, commencement programs, Grolier Club material, and caricature of Lehmann.

Collection Historical Note

Frederick William Lehmann (February 28, 1853 – September 12, 1931) was an American lawyer, statesman, United States Solicitor General, and rare book collector. Born in Prussia, Lehmann and his family immigrated to the United States in 1855 to Cincinnati, Ohio. At age 10, he left home and traveled across the Midwest working on farms, selling newspapers, and herding sheep. At 17, Lehmann worked as a farm-hand for Judge Epenetus Sears, who sent him to Tabor College, where he graduated in 1873.

A noted orator, he was active in Iowa politics, including the election of Governor Horace Boies. In 1890, he moved with his family to St. Louis, Missouri and he was elected president of the American Bar Association in 1908. In 1909, he drafted the charter by which the City of St. Louis is still run today. President William Howard Taft named Lehmann as United States Solicitor General in 1910. In the Supreme Court of the United States Lehmann established the right to tax corporation incomes. In 1912, he returned to practice law in St. Louis with his sons.

In 1914, however, he and Justice Joseph Rucker Lamar represented the United States at the ABC Powers Conference in which Argentina, Brazil, and Chile mediated between the United States and Mexico on the Veracruz Incident. Cases in his private practice established the right of the Associated Press to news as intellectual property, and he secured the Southwestern Bell Telephone Company's right to valuation on reproduction cost less depreciation. In 1918, he became counsel for the Railway Wage Commission.

Lehmann was a founder of the St. Louis Art Museum and the State Historical Society of Missouri, president of the St. Louis Public Library, and a director of the St. Louis World's Fair (Louisiana Purchase Exposition) of 1904, in which he was host of the Universal Congress of Jurists and Lawyers. He was a bibliophile and he collected rare first editions of Charles Dickens, Robert Burns and others, and artworks of Aubrey Beardsley, George Cruikshank and Thomas Rowlandson. He and industrialist William K. Bixby started the Burns Society; he was twice president of the University Club of St. Louis. His published works included: John Marshall (1901); The Lawyer in American History (1906); Abraham Lincoln (1908); Conservatism in Legal Procedure (1909); Prohibition (1910); and The Law and the Newspaper (1917).

Administrative Information

Repository: MSS Manuscripts

Access Restrictions: Open

Use Restrictions:

Users of the collection must read and agree to abide by the rules and procedures set forth in the Materials Use Policies.

Providing access to materials does not constitute permission to publish or otherwise authorize use. All publication not covered by fair use or other exceptions is restricted to those who have permission of the copyright holder, which may or may not be Washington University.

If you wish to publish or license Special Collections materials, please contact Special Collections to inquire about copyright status at (314) 935-5495 or spec@wumail.wustl.edu. (Publish means quotation in whole or in part in seminar or term papers, theses or dissertations, journal articles, monographs, books, digital forms, photographs, images, dramatic presentations, transcriptions, or any other form prepared for a limited or general public.)

Acquisition Source: Gift of Mr. and Mrs. John Stark Lehmann

Acquisition Method:

Accession number 775

Accession number 1024

Accession number 1428

Preferred Citation: Name of the Collection, Washington University Libraries, Department of Special Collections


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Autographs],
[Series 2: Correspondence],
[Series 3: Manuscripts],
[Series 4: Personal Papers],
[Series 5: Ephemera],
[Series 6: Printed Materials],
[All]

Series 1: AutographsAdd to your cart.
Box 1Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Adams, John, 1818: JulyAdd to your cart.
Closing and signature pasted to manuscript biographical note. Autograph, 1 page.
Folder 2: Adams, John Quincy, 1818: SeptemberAdd to your cart.
Closing and signature pasted to manuscript biographical note. Autograph, 1 page.
Folder 3: Allibone, Samuel Austin, 1871: July 5Add to your cart.
Thanks him for comments on Union Belle Companion, asks if these can be quoted. Appended to printed sheet titled Let no book lack an alphabetical index. Autograph letter signed, 2 pages on document, 2 pages.
Folder 4: Bayard, Thomas F., 1885: March 5Add to your cart.
Thanks him for his note of appreciation. (Bayard resigned his Senate seat March 6, 1885) Autograph letter signed, 2 pages.
Folder 5: Benton, Thomas Hart, [n.d.]:Add to your cart.
Asks that an article for the National Intelligencer be deferred temporarily. Autograph letter signed, 2 pages.
Folder 6: Blaine, James G., 1878: January 13Add to your cart.
Thanks Chauncey Filley for the invitation. Typed letter signed, 3 pages.
Folder 7: Bonner, Robert, 1858: November 12Add to your cart.
Comments on exchange of quotations between William Ron Wallace and Halleck, asks Halleck for a poem. Autograph letter signed, 2 pages.
Folder 8: Bright, John, 1863: April 19Add to your cart.
Declines an invitation. Autograph document signed, 2 pages.
Folder 9: Brodhead, Daniel, 1797: July 29Add to your cart.
Asks permission to go to the country for a few days. Autograph letter signed, 1 page.
Folder 10: Bryan, George, 1779: July 8Add to your cart.
Pay 500 to Joseph Reed. Endorsed on verso by Reed, with note to pay to James Trimble. Endorsed by Trimble July 9, 1779. Autograph document signed, 2 pages.
Folder 11: Butler, Benjamin F., 1858: September 22Add to your cart.
Thanks Gregory for copy of Dr. Sprague's sermon on the death of Archibald McIntyre. Autograph letter signed, 2 pages.
Folder 12: Butterfield, William, 1859: January 22Add to your cart.
Note certifying abstract of information from Register of Marriages, Arlington Parish, Devon County, concerning marriage of Alexander James Dallas and Maria Smith, September 5 1780. Sent to George Mifflin Dallas ca. January 26, 1859, by S. Dyer Knott, Arlinton, Devon, at Dallas' request. See Dallas to Knott, (by secretary) January 19, 1859. Autograph document signed, 1 page.
Folder 13: Chandler, Zachariah, 1879: May 15Add to your cart.
Acknowledges Filley's support. Autograph letter signed, 1 page.
Folder 14: Churchill, Winston, 1900: September 6Add to your cart.
Thanks Chauncey Filley for pamphlet and books. Typed letter signed, 1 page.
Folder 15: Cleveland, Stephen G., 1901: June 4Add to your cart.
Comments on his daughter's illness, travel plans, invites George F. Parker to visit. Autograph letter signed, 3 pages.
Folder 16: Conkling, Roscoe, 1883: December 19Add to your cart.
Regrets not having seen Chauncey Filley in Washington. Autograph letter signed, 2 pages.
Folder 17: Cox, Samuel S., 1883: November 24Add to your cart.
Discusses support from various sections of the country. Autograph letter signed, 1 page.
Folder 18: Creswell, John A. J., 1873: April 29Add to your cart.
Declines an invitation. Enveloped with Creswell signature, dated Apr. 29, tipped in. Autograph letter signed, 2 pages.
Folder 19: Custis, George W. P., 1845: July 12Add to your cart.
Arlington House. Sends note dated January 28 altering a business agreement. Autograph letter signed.
Folder 20: Dallas, George. M., 1859Add to your cart.
Item 1: 1859: January 19Add to your cart.
The Minister will send Mr. Knott the autograph he requests if Mr. Knott will send him a copy of the entry in the Register of the church at Arlington, Devo, declaring the bans of marriage of Alexander James Dallas, his father, and Arabella Maria Smith. In secretary's hand. Autograph letter, 2 pages with envelope.
Item 2: 1859: January 26Add to your cart.
Thanks Knott for sending register information on Alexander Dallas' marriage, gives him information about the Dallas family. Autograph letter signed, 2 pages.
Item 3: 1859: March 19Add to your cart.
Sends Knott a biographical sketch of his father, Alexander James Dallas, which he says was transcribed by his daughter from A dictionary of British and American authors, Philadelphia. Autograph letter signed, 3 pages with envelope and enclosure.
Folder 21: Dana, Charles A., 1886: December 7Add to your cart.
Declines Wilson's invitation to write about Andrew Johnson or Edwin Stanton. Autograph letter signed, 2 pages.
Folder 22: Davenport, Fanny V., 1876: January 11Add to your cart.
Discusses New York theatre, personal affairs. Autograph letter signed, 4 pages.
Folder 23: Douglas, Stephen A., 1834: May 19Add to your cart.
Signature [n.d.] appended to an agreement to pay $212.50 at ten per cent interest to Isaac C. Spenc, May 19, 1834. Reendorsed by Spence to James L. Lam[final letters deleted?], verso. Autograph document signed, 2 pages.
Folder 24: Drake, Samuel A., 1893: October 3Add to your cart.
Concerning a manuscript Drake did not send Goss; Drake will have a chapter from Colonial homes copied for him. Remarks about Melrose, [Mass.] Autograph letter signed, 3 pages.
Folder 25: Everett, Edward, 1851: June 17Add to your cart.
Thanks Professor [Benjamin?] Peirce for a copy of an address. Autograph letter signed, 2 pages.
Folder 26: Fields, James T., 1859: April 20Add to your cart.
Sends a copy of Jerold's life to Dr. Farley, and will send Parsons in a day or so. Autograph letter signed, 1 page.
Folder 27: Foster, John W., 1873: May 19Add to your cart.
Acknowledges receipt of letter, sends reprint of meeting of New Orleans Chamber of Commerce concerning a mercantile excursion party from that city to Mexico [not enc.] Autograph letter signed, 2 pages.
Folder 28: Fremont, (Mrs.) Jesse B., 1863: April 7Add to your cart.
Congratulates Mrs. Chauncey Filley on her husband's success, affirms her own continuing interest in Missouri. Autograph letter signed, 4 pages.
Folder 29: Gallagher, William D., 1842: November 12Add to your cart.
Letter of introduction for L.I. Cist. Autograph letter signed, 1 page.
Folder 30: Gallatin, Abraham A. A., 1800: July 19Add to your cart.
Directive to pay I. Carrel $316.18 Autograph document signed, 1 page.
Folder 31: Gosse, Sir Edmund W., 1909: September 28Add to your cart.
Comments on brochures concerning Fitzgerald's translations of Omar which Prideaux had sent, returns an article of his own. Autograph letter signed, 2 pages.
Folder 32: Gibson, Thomas, 1844: April 18Add to your cart.
Invites William Linton to Nottingham, notes delay in finishing his own work, comments on contrast between the country and the capital, discusses sending him plates of Byzantine ornament, suggests how to ship casts of Elgin Marbles. Notes of greeting from Frances Gibson appended. Autograph letter signed with envelope, 4 pages.
Folder 33: Godwin, William, 1799: October 26Add to your cart.
Asks for action on promissory note of Robinson book-sellers. Autograph letter signed, 3 pages.
Folder 34: Gordon, John B., 1892: October 5Add to your cart.
Declines an invitation to attend meeting of the Society of the Army of the Tennessee. Autograph letter signed, 2 pages.
Folder 35: Gould, Jay, 1883: January 12Add to your cart.
Protests increasing monthly payroll, urges it be reduced for benefit to bond and stockholders. Autograph letter signed, 3 pages.
Folder 36: Grant, Ulysses S., 1880: December 12Add to your cart.
Sends Chauncey Filley a photograph of himself. Autograph letter signed, tipped onto sheet with caption, The photo for the famous 306 medal, 1 page.
Folder 37: Hale, Edward E., [n.d.]Add to your cart.
Signature. Note verifying above is an autograph of Hale. Autograph, 1 page.
Folder 38: Halleck, Fitz-Greene, 1852: June 14Add to your cart.
Wants to know which charitable society including the Art Union, would accept his donation. Autograph letter signed, 2 pages.
Folder 39: Hamilton, Alexander, 1863: June 2Add to your cart.
Verso is a note signed by James A. Hamilton attesting to authenticity of Hamilton note. Autographed document, 2 pages.
Folder 40: Hampton, Wade, 1892: August 28Add to your cart.
Declines an invitation to a meeting. Autograph letter signed, 2 pages.
Folder 41: Haydon, Benjamin R., 1824: August 18Add to your cart.
Mr. C[hambers?] is a disagreeable person, and Haydon knows Jordan is often pestered about manuscripts. Autograph letter signed, 2 pages.
Folder 42: Hayes, Rutherford B., 1892: October 31Add to your cart.
Declines an invitation to be in St. Louis on [November?] 17. Autograph letter signed, 1 page.
Folder 43: Henry, Joseph, 1869: August 21Add to your cart.
Concerning the Humboldt Centennial. Autograph letter signed, 2 pages.
Folder 44: Hopkinson, Joseph, 1807: December 8Add to your cart.
Concerning the Circuit Court's disposition of a case involving a tract of land, asks for information on test case. Autograph letter signed, 3 pages.
Folder 45: Immell, Marshall, 1915: October 15Add to your cart.
Letter of introduction for Mr. Weletsky, Russian Consul General to San Francisco. Typed letter signed, 1 page.
Folder 46: Jackson, Andrew, [n.d.]Add to your cart.
Autograph, 1 page
Folder 47: Jefferson, Thomas, 1798: April 3Add to your cart.
Order of payment of money to John Barnes. Signed also by John Steele April 3 1798. Autograph document signed, 1 page.
Folder 48: Knox, Henry, 1787: February 14Add to your cart.
Signature, appended to part of a letter to the Governor of Massachusetts. Autograph, 1 page.
Folder 49: Lossing, Benson J., 1869: March 29Add to your cart.
Accepts recipients offer to send a copy of his Melrose Memorial, asks for an autograph with it. Autograph letter signed, 2 pages.
Folder 50: McLean, John, 1828: December 16Add to your cart.
Sends an autograph from the vice-president. Autograph letter signed, 2 pages.
Folder 51: Marcy, William L., 1844: July 11Add to your cart.
He is sending two sets of compositions by students at the A[lbany] F[emale] Academy. Autograph letter signed, 2 pages.
Folder 52: Marshall, John, 1832: December 19Add to your cart.
Concerning the legal implications of a will. Autograph letter signed (photo reproduction), 4 pages. Original in Bixby Collection.
Folder 53: Morton, Oliver P., 1875: June 25Add to your cart.
Personal greetings to Chauncey I. Filley. Autograph letter signed, 1 page.
Folder 54: Otis, Harrison G., 1791, 1795Add to your cart.
Item 1: 1791, August 25Add to your cart.
Receipt for money received from Doctor Samuel Parker, an executor of the estate of Celia Walter, in behalf of Joseph Otis. Autograph document signed, 1 page.
Item 2: 1795: April 8Add to your cart.
Concerning a draft for money and Otis' hope that his late grandfather's debts can soon be adjusted. Autograph letter signed, 2 pages.
Folder 55: Otis, James, 1761Add to your cart.
Signature. Cut from sheet. Autograph, 1 page.
Folder 56: Otis, Joseph, [n.d.]Add to your cart.
Signature, appended to fragment of a bill for service to a prisoner. Autograph document signed, 1 page.
Folder 57: Otis, Samuel A., 1797, 1805Add to your cart.
Item 1: 1797: May 1Add to your cart.
Transmits a copy of Journals of the Senate. Autograph letter signed, 2 pages.
Item 2: 1805: August 11Add to your cart.
Concerning payment of a note. Autograph letter signed, 1 page.
Folder 58: Peabody, Andrew F., 1850: January 14Add to your cart.
Sends copies of Whitman's Life and letters, and a copy of a book of his own. Autograph letter signed, 1 page.
Folder 59: Pike, Albert, 1873, 1878Add to your cart.
Item 1: 1873: October 19Add to your cart.
Received letter with enclosed sheet yesterday. Sends a poem he would have preferred he published, reprints of others. Autograph letter signed, 1 page.
Item 2: 1878: June 16Add to your cart.
Declines an undefined request of David F. Day. Autograph letter signed, 1 page.
Folder 60: Pinckney, Thomas, 1793: March 29Add to your cart.
Cannot give information to an undefined request. Autograph letter signed, 1 page.
Folder 61: Pope, John, 1887: September 16Add to your cart.
Concerning his rank during the Mexican war and salary. Autograph letter signed, 2 pages.
Folder 62: Prentice, George D., 1857: March 21Add to your cart.
Must use an amanuensis for writing because of a hand disease, affixes signature [at addressees request]. Framed on 6 1/4 x 9" sheet. Autograph letter signed, 1 page.
Folder 63: Prescott, William H., 1846: December 22Add to your cart.
Thanks Charles Sumner for letters which "run as much on philanthropy as your old ones used to on politics." Mentions Dwight and making up a purse for Sales. Autograph letter signed, 2 pages.
Folder 64: Prime, Samuel I., 1862: June 16Add to your cart.
Praises William Buell Sprague's Princeton speech, asks that a copy be sent to his son. Autograph letter signed, 4 pages.
Folder 65: Pulitzer, Joseph, 1894: March 12Add to your cart.
Assignment of proxy to Colonel Charles H. Jones. Autograph document signed, 1 page.
Folder 66: Reid, Whitelaw, 1880, 1897Add to your cart.
Item 1: 1880: February 26Add to your cart.
Will accept Albert G. Riddle's stories, but cannot pay him for them. Trusts Riddle prefers Sherman to Blaine, is confident Sherman could be elected if he were nominated. Autograph letter signed, 2 pages.
Item 2: 1897: February 3Add to your cart.
Thanks Melville E. Stone for a letter, personal comments, asks that should an old reporter of Stone's ask Reid for an interview, he be discouraged. Autograph letter signed, 2 pages.
Folder 67: Roosevelt, Theodore, 1917: February 12Add to your cart.
Thanks Charles G. Washburn [?] for his book on Roosevelt, [Theodore Roosevelt: The logic of his career?] with note to Frederick Lehman from George Wickersham. Autograph letter signed (positive photocopy), 1 page.
Folder 68: Sargent, Epes, 1852: November 11Add to your cart.
Free Soilers are attacking his book, Standard speaker, asks Joseph Gales to publish a mention from the New Orleans Bulletin in the [National] Intelligencer. Autograph letter signed, 1 page.
Folder 69: Sartain, John, 1883: May 9Add to your cart.
Oxford Student article is not in the Semimonthly, thanks Mrs. Atwater for book on Melusine. Autograph letter signed, 1 page.
Folder 70: Sedgwick, Theodore, 1881: October 10Add to your cart.
William Buell send autographs Sprague requests. Autograph letter signed, 2 pages.
Folder 71: Seward, William H., 1851: January 21Add to your cart.
Gives Joseph Gales permission to print an unnamed article. Autograph letter signed, 1 page.
Folder 72: Sherman, William T., 1875: June 22Add to your cart.
Regrets not having joined Chauncey I. Filley, nor meeting the Postmaster General. Autograph letter signed, 2 pages.
Folder 73: Silliman, Benjamin, 1884: February 9Add to your cart.
Offers help on Sprague's life of Timothy Dwight. Autograph letter signed, 2 pages.
Folder 74: Sprague, Charles, 1846, 1869Add to your cart.
Item 1: 1846: April 10Add to your cart.
Letter to William B. Sprague to accompany autograph. Autograph letter signed, 1 page.
Item 2: 1869: August 17Add to your cart.
Initialed C.W.S. Autograph document signed, 1 page.
Folder 75: Sprague, Jonathan, 1756: January 26 [?]Add to your cart.
Receipt, counter-signed by John Tudor and Sarah Bouleneaux. Autograph document signed, 1 page.
Folder 76: Sumner, Charles, 1858: June 1Add to your cart.
Lines written aboard ship, with autographed calling card to Chauncey Filey. Manuscript signed, 1 page.
Folder 77: Thackeray, William M., [n.d.]: SaturdayAdd to your cart.
To Mr. Hills. Declines to come to a concert. With pen sketch. Autograph letter signed, 1 page.
Folder 78: Trumbull, John, 1797: January 18Add to your cart.
To R[ufus] King. Letter introducing Alexander Fraser. Autograph letter signed, 1 page.
Folder 79: Warner, Charles D., 1874: February 15Add to your cart.
To Dear Carey. Had not understood that a dinner at which he was invited to talk was a large affair. Autograph letter signed, 3 pages.
Folder 80: Welles, Gideon, 1867: August 30Add to your cart.
Notifies Rear Admiral L. N. Goldsborough that he is detached from duty, congratulates him upon command of European Squadron. With note affixed by Goldsborough that letter was acknowledged, August 31, 1867. Autograph letter signed, 2 pages.
Folder 81: Willard, Frances E. C., 1878: February 7Add to your cart.
To Cousin. Asks that an article, the nature of which she cannot recall, be forwarded to her. Autograph letter signed, 1 page.
Folder 82: Wilson, James G., 1874: January 31Add to your cart.
To William Buell Sprague. Sends her a manuscript poem by Lord Jeffrey, asks her for autographs for his book, Sketches of illustrious soldiers. Autograph letter signed, 2 pages.
Folder 83: Wolcott, Oliver, 1795: June 1Add to your cart.
To David Scott. Concerning the removal of a certificate. Autograph letter signed, 2 pages.
Folder 84: Young, Arthur, 1786: November 16Add to your cart.
Asks Josiah Wedgwood to find him a thermometer, discusses his present experiments. Autograph letter signed, 4 pages.
Folder 85: Unsigned or undeciphered signaturesAdd to your cart.
Item 1: 1853: June 15Add to your cart.
Concerning a Doctor of Divinity degree for Mr. McFarlane of Scotland. Autograph letter signed, 2 pages.
Item 2: 1858: March 30Add to your cart.
Thanks Sir. [William Buell Sprague?] for copy of his book and funeral discourse for Mr. Marvine. Autograph letter signed, 2 pages.
Item 3: 1865: October 2Add to your cart.
To Mrs. Barron. Concerning money for her son's funeral. Autograph letter signed, 1 page.
Item 4: 1875: July 4Add to your cart.
Concerning publishing affairs, mentions Harper, Newburyport, San Francisco. Autograph letter signed, 3 pages.
Item 5: 1885:March 5Add to your cart.
Item 6: 1892: October 23Add to your cart.
To James F. How. Will attend reunion of the Army of the Tennessee with General Dodge, if possible. Autograph letter signed, 1 page.

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Autographs],
[Series 2: Correspondence],
[Series 3: Manuscripts],
[Series 4: Personal Papers],
[Series 5: Ephemera],
[Series 6: Printed Materials],
[All]


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