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Frederick William Lehmann Papers


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Frederick William Lehmann Papers, 1756-1929 | MS Manuscripts

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Collection Overview

Title: Frederick William Lehmann Papers, 1756-1929Add to your cart.

Predominant Dates:1756-1929

ID: MS/MS/ms068

Primary Creator: Lehmann, Frederick W. (1853-1931)

Extent: 4.0 Boxes

Languages: English, German

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The Frederick William Lehmann Papers consists of letters and documents of notable Americans (1756-1909), particularly 19th century political figures including John Adams, John Quincy Adams, Grover Cleveland, Ulysses S. Grant, Rutherford B. Hayes, Andrew Jackson, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, Thomas Bayard, Thomas Hart Benton, Zachariah Chandler, Roscoe Conkling, Stephen A. Douglas, John Brown Gordon, Wade Hampton, Oliver Perry Morton, James G. Blaine, Benjamin F. Butler, J.A.J. Creswell, George Mifflin Dallas, Albert Gallatin, Alexander Hamilton, John McLean, William L. Marey, John Marshall, Thomas Pinckney, William H. Seward, Charles Sumner, Gideon Welles, Samuel Allibone, Robert Banner, Winston Churchill (novelist), G.W.P. Custis, Charles A. Dana, S.A. Drake, Edward Everett, James T. Fields, William D. Gallagher, Edward Everett Hale, Fitz-Greene Halleck, Joseph Henry, Benson J. Losing, Whitelaw Reid, John Sartain, Charles Dudley Warner, Frances E. Williard, Fanny Vining Davenport, Thomas Gibson, William Godwin, Benjamin Haydon, William Thackeray, William Buell Sprague, and Chauncey Ives Filley.  Also included within the collection is correspondence among Lehmann’s law colleagues, journalists, congressman, executive appointees, justices of the Supreme Court, personal friends (1879-1929). In addition, are personal miscellany including bookplates, calling cards, clipping, invitations, Burns’ materials, Felicities of Sixty by I.H. Lionberger, pictures of Woodrow Wilson, commencement programs, Grolier Club material, and caricature of Lehmann.

Collection Historical Note

Frederick William Lehmann (February 28, 1853 – September 12, 1931) was an American lawyer, statesman, United States Solicitor General, and rare book collector. Born in Prussia, Lehmann and his family immigrated to the United States in 1855 to Cincinnati, Ohio. At age 10, he left home and traveled across the Midwest working on farms, selling newspapers, and herding sheep. At 17, Lehmann worked as a farm-hand for Judge Epenetus Sears, who sent him to Tabor College, where he graduated in 1873.

A noted orator, he was active in Iowa politics, including the election of Governor Horace Boies. In 1890, he moved with his family to St. Louis, Missouri and he was elected president of the American Bar Association in 1908. In 1909, he drafted the charter by which the City of St. Louis is still run today. President William Howard Taft named Lehmann as United States Solicitor General in 1910. In the Supreme Court of the United States Lehmann established the right to tax corporation incomes. In 1912, he returned to practice law in St. Louis with his sons.

In 1914, however, he and Justice Joseph Rucker Lamar represented the United States at the ABC Powers Conference in which Argentina, Brazil, and Chile mediated between the United States and Mexico on the Veracruz Incident. Cases in his private practice established the right of the Associated Press to news as intellectual property, and he secured the Southwestern Bell Telephone Company's right to valuation on reproduction cost less depreciation. In 1918, he became counsel for the Railway Wage Commission.

Lehmann was a founder of the St. Louis Art Museum and the State Historical Society of Missouri, president of the St. Louis Public Library, and a director of the St. Louis World's Fair (Louisiana Purchase Exposition) of 1904, in which he was host of the Universal Congress of Jurists and Lawyers. He was a bibliophile and he collected rare first editions of Charles Dickens, Robert Burns and others, and artworks of Aubrey Beardsley, George Cruikshank and Thomas Rowlandson. He and industrialist William K. Bixby started the Burns Society; he was twice president of the University Club of St. Louis. His published works included: John Marshall (1901); The Lawyer in American History (1906); Abraham Lincoln (1908); Conservatism in Legal Procedure (1909); Prohibition (1910); and The Law and the Newspaper (1917).

Administrative Information

Repository: MS Manuscripts

Access Restrictions: Open

Use Restrictions:

Users of the collection must read and agree to abide by the rules and procedures set forth in the Materials Use Policies.

Providing access to materials does not constitute permission to publish or otherwise authorize use. All publication not covered by fair use or other exceptions is restricted to those who have permission of the copyright holder, which may or may not be Washington University.

If you wish to publish or license Special Collections materials, please contact Special Collections to inquire about copyright status at (314) 935-5495 or spec@wumail.wustl.edu. (Publish means quotation in whole or in part in seminar or term papers, theses or dissertations, journal articles, monographs, books, digital forms, photographs, images, dramatic presentations, transcriptions, or any other form prepared for a limited or general public.)

Acquisition Source: Gift of Mr. and Mrs. John Stark Lehmann

Acquisition Method:

Accession number 775

Accession number 1024

Accession number 1428

Preferred Citation: Name of the Collection, Washington University Libraries, Department of Special Collections

Box and Folder Listing

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Autographs],
[Series 2: Correspondence],
[Series 3: Manuscripts],
[Series 4: Personal Papers],
[Series 5: Ephemera],
[Series 6: Printed Materials],

Series 3: ManuscriptsAdd to your cart.
Box 2Add to your cart.
Folder 23: 1814Add to your cart.
Item 1: Poem by Robert Burns, 1814: February 8Add to your cart.
Manuscript, handwritten, 4 pages.
Folder 24: The Constitution of 1820Add to your cart.
Typescript [carbon], 16 pages
Folder 25: [n.d.]Add to your cart.
Item 1: Hawthorn, HildegardeAdd to your cart.
Manuscript [carbon], 1 page
Item 2: Spossard, H. P., [n.d.]Add to your cart.
Manuscript, handwritten, 1 page
Item 3: Kindly Caricatures by Lehmann, [n.d.]Add to your cart.
Manuscript, handwritten, 4 pages
Folder 26: The Ethical Basis of the Single TaxAdd to your cart.
Typescript [carbon], 31 pages
Folder 27: Franklin, The Manysided ManAdd to your cart.
Typescript [carbon], 12 pages
Folder 28: Henry EsmondAdd to your cart.
Typescript [carbon], 28 pages
Folder 29: The Missouri Compromise. A line in American History.Add to your cart.
Typescript, 33 pages
Box 3Add to your cart.
Folder 1: A Novelist of Everyday LifeAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Copy 1, [n.d.]Add to your cart.
Typescript [carbon], 27 pages
Item 2: Copy 2, [n.d.]Add to your cart.
Typescript [carbon], 25 pages
Folder 2: The Politics of Robert BurnsAdd to your cart.
Typescript [carbon], last 2 pages Manuscript, handwritten, 17 pages
Folder 3: The Politicians and the FinanciersAdd to your cart.
Typescript [carbon], 6 pages
Folder 4: The Politics of the Steam EngineAdd to your cart.
Typescript, 25 pages
Folder 5: The University of Virginia is a product of the same intellectual forces...Add to your cart.
Typescript [carbon], 12 pages
Folder 6: It is singular that two words of widely differing and opposite meanings...Add to your cart.
Typescript [carbon], 6 pages
Folder 7: For the advocates of the amendment to the Constitution...Add to your cart.
Typescript, 25 pages
Folder 8: From the notes of the Proceedings of the Stratford...Add to your cart.
Typescript, 5 pages
Folder 9: To Charles KnoppAdd to your cart.
Typescript [carbon], 5 pages
Folder 10: We are met, my friends, to pay the tribute of our respect...Add to your cart.
Typescript, 6 pages
Folder 11: Augustus Charles Bernays passed away...Add to your cart.
Typescript, 4 pages
Folder 12: The German Immigrant as an American CitizenAdd to your cart.
Typescript, 9 pages
Folder 13: We commemorate by this Exposition the great extension...Add to your cart.
Typescript, 8 pages
Folder 14: It was said long ago that "No man can serve two masters..."Add to your cart.
Typescript [carbon], 20 pages

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Autographs],
[Series 2: Correspondence],
[Series 3: Manuscripts],
[Series 4: Personal Papers],
[Series 5: Ephemera],
[Series 6: Printed Materials],

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