Photocopies and transcriptions of the letters of Private Bergun H. Brown, August 27, 1861 through February 20, 1865 in the 29th Regiment, Indiana Volunteer Infantry. Bound together under the title, "Bergun H. Brown's Civil War Days," with text by his son, Guy M. Brown (1972).
A compilation of original source material including letters, a diary, documents, and historical narratives, the collection presents a vivid picture of a Union soldier's experiences and attitudes throughout the war.
Bergun Brown's letters, written to family members from June 18, 1861, to September 14, 1863, make up the majority of the collection. Arranged chronologically, they are well-written descriptive accounts of his enlistment, training, and camp life; the Battle of Shiloh and its aftermath; his wounding, capture, and recuperation; and the time he spent in Tennessee, Alabama, and Georgia until his recapture during the Battle of Chickamauga.
Upon his second capture, Brown began a diary he entitled "A Diary of My Trip South--Me as a Prisoner" in which he described his experiences in Confederate prisons in Richmond and Danville, Virginia, until his transfer to Andersonville prison, Georgia. The first entry is dated September 20, 1863; the last is dated February 4, 1864.
Brown's military service records and pension documents consist of a 29th Regiment, Indiana Infantry, Company C muster roll, August 1861-August 1862; an Indiana Adjutant General's record of military service, 1865; a similar certificate dated 1879; a Bureau of Pensions document giving a full military and medical history, 1895; a declaration for pension, 1909; a Bureau of Pensions declaration of family status, 1915; Martha J. Brown's declaration for widow's pension, 1923; and other correspondence with the U.S. government and attorneys concerning Brown's pension, back pay, and bounty, 1896-1907.
Post-war letters (1866-1922) to Brown from friends and family pertain to family business and war experiences.
The collection also includes a narrative account of Brown's Civil War experience written by Guy Brown using the letters and diary as source material, with an extended section on Andersonville prison; a short post-Civil War Brown family history covering settlement near Maple Grove, Jasper County, Missouri, and Brown's marriages and children; and nine anecdotes written by Guy Brown based on his father's reminiscences of the war. They relate to experiences in Confederate prisons, war companions, war mementos, and attempts to receive compensation for war injuries.
Supplementary material includes a bibliography, maps, and excerpts from books and newspapers pertaining to Andersonville prison and the Civil War.