Fernando Alegría (September 26, 1918 - October 29, 2005) was a Chilean poet, writer, literary critic and scholar. Born in Santiago, Chile, Alegria grew up in the Independencia barrio of the city. He received an M.A. from Bowling Green State University in 1941 and a Ph.D. from University of California, Berkeley in 1947.
From 1964-1967, Alegría was a professor at the University of California in Berkeley. From 1967 to 1998 he was a professor at Stanford University and for many years he was Chair of the Spanish and Portuguese Language Departments there. He sat on the Board of Trustees at the Western Institute for Social Research (WISR) for about twenty years beginning with its inception in 1975.
Alegría served as cultural attaché from the government of Salvador Allende to the United States from 1970 to 1973. He was also the representative of the Royal Academy of the Spanish Language in the United States for many years. Among the many awards he has received is the Latin American Prize of Literature.